Pattern Recognition: Impact of Exercises Modes on Developing a Small Ball Throwing Skill in Boys Aged 8

Keywords: boys aged 8, ball throwing, discriminant function

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of exercises modes on developing a small ball throwing skill in boys aged 8. 

Materials and methods. The study participants were 21 boys aged 8, who were randomly divided into three groups of 7 people. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment.

The study examined the influence of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of teaching boys aged 8 throwing a small ball at a target. A pedagogical experiment examined the influence of 6, 12, and 18 repetitions with a 60-second rest interval on the increase in the level of proficiency in exercises of boys aged 8. In the first group, the boys repeated the task 6 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the second group – 12 times with a rest interval of 60 s, in the third group 18 times with a rest interval of 60 s. When teaching throwing exercises during the class, the study evaluated the level of proficiency by the alternative method (“performed”, “failed”) and calculated the probability of exercise performance (p = n/m, where n is the number of successful attempts, m is the total number of attempts). 

In teaching boys aged 8, the method of algorithmic instructions was used. The next exercise started after three successful attempts. Throwing a ball at a vertical target was taught.

The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 20 statistical analysis software. During discriminant analysis, a prognostic model for group membership was created. 

Results. Discriminant analysis made it possible to determine the impact of the number of repetitions on the effectiveness of developing the skills of throwing a small ball at a target; answer the question as to how significantly the modes of repetitions differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development, what class the object belongs to based on the values of discriminant variables.

Conclusions. Based on the analysis of group centroids, it was found that in boys aged 8, six repetitions of the exercise (6 sets one time with a rest interval of 60 s) significantly influence the increase in the level of proficiency in exercises during physical education lessons.

The results of group classification show that 85.7% of the original grouped observations were classified correctly. 

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Author Biographies

Sergii Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport

Department of Sports,
Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
sportart@gmail.com

Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, 
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
ivashchenko@hnpu.edu.ua

Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
khudolii.oleg@gmail.com

Sergii Chernenko, Donbas State Engineering Academy

Department of Physical Education,
Akademichna St, 72, Kramatorsk, 84313, Ukraine
chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net

Viktoriia Veremeenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
viktoriaveremeenko91@gmail.com

Bohdan Zelenskyi, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
bod9.borec@gmail.com

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Published
2021-03-25
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How to Cite
Iermakov, S., Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Chernenko, S., Veremeenko, V., & Zelenskyi, B. (2021). Pattern Recognition: Impact of Exercises Modes on Developing a Small Ball Throwing Skill in Boys Aged 8. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(1), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.1.10
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