Strength Abilities: Assessment of Training Effects of Strength Loads in Boys Aged 8 Years

Keywords: boys aged 8 years, training effects, strength training, combined method of strength development, discriminant analysis, factorial design

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to determine the impact of strength training modes on the dynamics of training effects in 8-year-old boys. 

Materials and methods. The study participants were 48 boys aged 8. The experiment was performed using a 22 factorial design. The study implemented the first variant of the combined method for developing arm and shoulder muscles (station І), strength of abdominal muscles (station ІІ), strength of back muscles (station ІІІ), and strength of leg muscles (station IV). The study materials were processed using the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program. Discriminant analysis was performed. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength load on the immediate training effect (ITE1) after performing exercises at four stations, the immediate training effect (ITE2) after training, and the delayed training effect (DTE) 24 hours after training. 

Results. The findings indicate that each of the variants of strength load can be effectively used depending on educational objectives of both one or a series of physical education lessons, and also show that the ITE and DTE of strength training depend on the initial level of fitness and the total amount of strength training in a physical education lesson. 

Conclusions. The findings point to the possibility of using a discriminant function to assess and predict the development of strength in 8-year-old boys. The study confirmed the effectiveness of using factorial designs to obtain objective data on the dynamics of training effects in primary school pupils.

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Author Biographies

Sergii Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport

Department of Sports, 
Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
sportart@gmail.com

Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,  
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
o.ivashchenko@yahoo.com

Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
khudolii.oleg@gmail.com

Sergii Chernenko, Donbas State Engineering Academy

Department of Physical Education 
Akademichna St, 72, Kramatorsk, 84313, Ukraine
chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net

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Citations

Motor Skills in the Structure of Physical Fitness of 7-Year-Old Boys
Ivashchenko Olha, Berezhna Hanna & Cieślicka Mirosława (2020) Journal of Learning Theory and Methodology
Crossref

Published
2020-09-25
How to Cite
Iermakov, S., Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., & Chernenko, S. (2020). Strength Abilities: Assessment of Training Effects of Strength Loads in Boys Aged 8 Years. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(3), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.07
Section
Articles