Strength Abilities: Immediate and Delayed Training Effects of Orthogonal Modes of Strength Training in Boys Aged 8 Years

Keywords: boys aged 8 years, immediate training effect, delayed training effect, strength training loads, discriminant analysis

Abstract

The study purpose was to determine the dynamics of training effects of orthogonal modes of strength training in boys aged 8 years.

Materials and methods. The study participants were 48 boys aged 8 years. The experiment was performed using a 22 factorial design. The study materials were processed using the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program.Discriminant analysis was performed. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength training loads on the immediate (ITE) and delayed (DTE) training effects of orthogonal modes of strength exercises and rest intervals in 8-year-old boys.

Results. In the first variant of strength training, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the first place “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles”; in the second variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the third place “exercises to strengthen back muscles”; in the third variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the first “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles” and the third “exercises to strengthen back muscles” places; in the fourth variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of ITE is made by thework performed at the first “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles” and the third “exercises to strengthen back muscles” places. The most significant changes in the DTE are associated with the fourth place’s work “exercises to strengthen leg muscles”.

Conclusions. The response to strength training load includes immediate and delayed training effects. Thus it can be argued that training effects can be classified using the given battery of tests based on discriminant analysis. The efficiency of discriminant analysis increases when using 2k FFE active experiments.

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Author Biographies

Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,  
Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
o.ivashchenko@yahoo.com

Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
khudolii.oleg@gmail.com

Krzysztof Prusik, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport

Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, 
Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
prusik6471@gmail.com

Vasilios Giovanis, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

School of Physical Education and Sport Science, 
Ethnikis Antistassis St, 41, 
Daphne 17237, Athens, Greece 
vgiovan@phed.uoa.gr

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Published
2020-06-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Prusik, K., & Giovanis, V. (2020). Strength Abilities: Immediate and Delayed Training Effects of Orthogonal Modes of Strength Training in Boys Aged 8 Years. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(2), 109-116. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.07
Section
Physical Training at School