Gender-Related Peculiarities of 7-Year-Old Schoolchildren’s Motor Fitness

Keywords: discriminant analysis, girls, boys, motor skills, motor fitness

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to identify gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness. 

Materials and methods. The study participants were 59 7-year-old schoolchildren (girls – 27, boys – 32). The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. The study recorded the primary schoolchildren’s level of proficiency in gymnastic exercises. The coefficient was determined by the formula: p = (m/n)×100, where p is the level of proficiency, m is the number of successfully performed exercises, n is the total number of attempts to perform the exercise. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: forward roll; backward roll; shoulderstand with bent legs.

Results. The differences in the development level of movement coordination of individual parts of the body and vestibular stability are not statistically significant; in the 7-year-old girls and boys, there is a statistically significant difference in the development level of strength, speed strength, speed, endurance, and the level of proficiency in acrobatic exercises.

Conclusions. A canonical discriminant function can be used to classify and identify the indicators that have the greatest weight in assessing gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness. In assessing gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness, these indicators include the level of proficiency in acrobatic exercises, the level of relative strength of shoulder flexors, endurance, and speed strength.

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Author Biographies

Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education,
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine 
ivashchenko@hnpu.edu.ua

Yuliia Nosko, T. H. Shevchenko National University “Chernihiv Colehium”

Hetman Polubotka St, 70, Chernihiv, 14000, Ukraine
chnpu@chnpu.edu.ua

Pavol Bartik, Matej Bel University

Department of Physical Education and Sports
Tajovského 40, 97401 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
pavol.bartik@umb.sk

Oleksii Makanin, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education
Alchevskykh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
makaninfizruk@gmail.com

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Published
2020-12-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Ivashchenko, O., Nosko, Y., Bartik, P., & Makanin, O. (2020). Gender-Related Peculiarities of 7-Year-Old Schoolchildren’s Motor Fitness. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(4), 228-233. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.4.05
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