Comparative Analysis of Morphological Indicators of Street Workout Athletes with Different Training Experience

Keywords: street workout, physical development, somatotype, bioimpedance method, grip strength

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of the article is a comparative analysis of the morphological indicators of street workout (StW) athletes with different training experience (TE). 

Materials and methods. The study involved StW athletes (n = 27). Athletes were divided into two groups: StW-1 (n = 13, age 15.15 ± 0.44 years, TE 1.56 ± 0.22 years); StW-2 (n = 14, age 16.57 ± 0.48 years, TE 2.64 ± 0.53 years). The body length and body mass were measured; the level and harmony of physical development were evaluated. The regression method was used. The handgrip was evaluated by hand dynamometry indicators Camry EH101 electronic dynamometer (China). The handgrip was measured by the maximum grip frequency in 10 s the electronic device "Kepai" (China). The content of muscle and adipose tissue were determined by the body composition monitor OMRON BF-511 (Japan). 

Results. The average value of the strength index in the StW-1 was more than 60%, and in the StW-2 was more than 70%. The StW-2 had a significant excess of the hand dynamometry, power index, impulse index of both hands; index of static and dynamic grip of the left hand; specific weight of muscles. The average level of physical development was observed in (61.54 ± 13.49)%, above the average was observed in (23.08 ± 11.69)% of StW-1. Harmonious physical development had (38.46 ± 13.49)%. In StW-2, the average level of physical development had (64.29 ± 12.81)%, above the average had (21.43 ± 10.97)%. Harmonious physical development had (50.00 ± 13.36)%. In StW-1 (46.15 ± 13.83)% had a normal fat content and a fat level below normal. In StW-2, the normal fat content had (30.77 ± 12.80)%, and the low adipose tissue content was (69.23 ± 12.80)%. 

Conclusions. All athletes had a high content of muscle tissue. It was confirmed the specific effect of StW on the body of athletes. Grip strength, specific weight of muscle component are predictors of success. The information content of the proposed indices for monitoring the functional state of athletes was confirmed.

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Author Biographies

Olha Podrihalo, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Department of Biological Discipline,
Klochkivska St, 99, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
rovnayaolga77@ukr.net

Leonid Podrigalo, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Department of Medical Discipline,
Klochkivska St, 99, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
leonid.podrigalo@gmail.com

Sergii Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts

Department of Sports,
Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
sportart@gmail.com

Zhanna Sotnikova-Meleshkina, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

Department of Hygiene and Social Medicine,
Svobody Sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
zhanna.univer@gmail.com

Konstantin Sokol, Kharkiv National Medical University

Department of Social Medicine, 
Nauky Av, 4, 61022, Kharkiv, Ukraine
sokolvk@ukr.net

Olexandr Podavalenko, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Department of Medical Discipline,
Klochkivska St, 99, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
alekontp@ukr.net

Olexsandr Halashko, State Biotechnological University

Department of Physical Culture,
Alchevskykh St, 44, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
alexgalashko73@gmail.com

Tetiana Yermakova, Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts

Department of Pedagogy,
Mystetstv St, 8, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
yermakova2015@gmail.com

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Published
2021-12-25
Cited
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How to Cite
Podrihalo, O., Podrigalo, L., Iermakov, S., Sotnikova-Meleshkina, Z., Sokol, K., Podavalenko, O., Halashko, O., & Yermakova, T. (2021). Comparative Analysis of Morphological Indicators of Street Workout Athletes with Different Training Experience. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(4), 343-349. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.4.09
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