The Relations of Using Digital Media and Physical Activity with the Physical Fitness of 4th and 5th Grade Primary School Students
The study purpose was to determine the relations of using digital media and physical activity with the physical fitness of 4th and 5th grade students of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in the academic year 2019/2020, Turi, Sleman Regency both individually and wholly.
Materials and methods. This research is a correlative study, which aims to find out whether there is a relationship between independent variables and dependent variables. The population of this study was 49 students from 4th and 5th grade of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in the academic year 2019/2020, Turi, Sleman. All of them were used as research subjects. The data collection technique is surveys. The surveys are done by applying collection techniques using surveys, tests and measurements. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire both for digital media variables and physical activities, as well as the physical fitness test for Indonesian physical fitness variables. Data analysis techniques are regression and correlation analysis, both in simple way and double way through the prerequisite tests for normality and linearity.
Results. The results showed that at the level of 5% error means the correlation between the use of digital media and physical activity and the physical fitness of students in 4th and 5th grade of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in 2019/2020 academic year Turi, Sleman Regency, it was Fcount = 11.072 > Ftable = 3.20.
Conclusions. Since Fcount > Ftable, it can be concluded there is a significant relation between the use of digital media and physical activity and physical fitness.
Wu, L., Wang, D., & Evans, J. A. (2019). Large teams develop and small teams disrupt science and technology. Nature, 566(7744), 378–382. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-0941-9
Livingstone, S., Nandi, A., Banaji, S., & Stoilova, M. (2017). Young adolescents and digital media: uses, risks and opportunities in low-and middle-income countries: a rapid evidence review.
Cunningham, A. (2018, March). Acknowledging the Dark Side of Connectivity, Devices, and Media: A Teacher Education Imperative. In Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2245-2250). Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
Kristiyanto, A., Prasetyo, Y., Pratama, K. W., Karakauki, M., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Access to The Utilization of Science and Technology of Sports and Familiarity of the Sports Community towards Technologically Based Devices. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(2), 022099. IOP Publishing.
Handa, M., & Ahuja, P. (2020). Disconnect to detox: A study of smartphone addiction among young adults in India. Young Consumers, 21(3), 273-287. https://doi.org/10.1108/YC-12-2019-1077
Pozuelo-Carrascosa, D. P., García-Hermoso, A., Álvarez-Bueno, C., Sánchez-López, M., & Martinez-Vizcaino, V. (2018). Effectiveness of school-based physical activity programmes on cardiorespiratory fitness in children: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(19), 1234-1240. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097600
Bidzan-Bluma, I., & Lipowska, M. (2018). Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning of Children: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(4), 800. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040800
Sutapa, P., Prasetyo, Y., Pratama, K. W., Karakauki, M., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Motor Development Index (MDI) Based on Combination of Human Development Index (HDI) and Sport Development Index (SDI) as a Success Parameter of Motor Development among Preschool Children: An Observational Study. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(3), 032003. IOP Publishing.
Pramandhika, R., Rumini, R., & Kusuma, D. W. Y. (2020). The Emotional Intelligence and Age Relationships Towards Basic Movement Locomotor in Kindergarten Students. Journal of Physical Education and Sports, 9(1), 20-24.
Castelli, D. M., & Sales Mitchell, L. (2021). Chapter 7: Selective Integration: Roles for Public Health, Kinesiology, and Physical Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 40(3), 402-411. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2020-0245
Nasrulloh, A., Prasetyo, Y., Nugroho, S., Yuniana, R., Pratama, K. W., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Tricet Method to Increase the Hypertrophy Muscle. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(3), 032006. IOP Publishing.
Nugroho, S., Nasrulloh, A., Karyono, T. H., Dwihandaka, R., & Pratama, K. W. (2021). Effect of intensity and interval levels of trapping circuit training on the physical condition of badminton players. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s3252
Osipov, A. Y., Nagovitsyn, R. S., Vaganova, O. I., Kutepov, M. M., Chelnokova, E. A., Ratmanskaya, T. I., & Vapaeva, A. V. (2021). Analysis of Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Results of Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students. Sport Mont, 19(1), 83-87. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.210218
Wilson, O. W. A., Panza, M. J., Evans, M. B., & Bopp, M. (2021). A Scoping Review on College Student Physical Activity: How Do Researchers Measure Activity and Examine Inequities? Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18(6), 728-736. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2020-0370
Gråstén, A., Yli-Piipari, S., Huhtiniemi, M., Salin, K., Hakonen, H., & Jaakkola, T. (2021). A one-year follow-up of basic psychological need satisfactions in physical education and associated in-class and total physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 27(3), 436-454. https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X20957356
Riso, E.-M., Toplaan, L., Viira, P., Vaiksaar, S., & Jürimäe, J. (2019). Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation. PLOS ONE, 14(6), e0218901. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218901
Pope, Z., Barr-Anderson, D., Lewis, B., Pereira, M., & Gao, Z. (2019). Use of Wearable Technology and Social Media to Improve Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors among College Students: A 12-Week Randomized Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193579
Cesare, N., Nguyen, Q. C., Grant, C., & Nsoesie, E. O. (2019). Social media captures demographic and regional physical activity. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 5(1), e000567. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000567
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).