The Relations of Using Digital Media and Physical Activity with the Physical Fitness of 4th and 5th Grade Primary School Students

Keywords: digital media, physical activity, physical fitness, elementary school

Abstract

The study purpose was to determine the relations of using digital media and physical activity with the physical fitness of 4th and 5th grade students of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in the academic year 2019/2020, Turi, Sleman Regency both individually and wholly.

Materials and methods. This research is a correlative study, which aims to find out whether there is a relationship between independent variables and dependent variables. The population of this study was 49 students from 4th and 5th grade of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in the academic year 2019/2020, Turi, Sleman. All of them were used as research subjects. The data collection technique is surveys. The surveys are done by applying collection techniques using surveys, tests and measurements. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire both for digital media variables and physical activities, as well as the physical fitness test for Indonesian physical fitness variables. Data analysis techniques are regression and correlation analysis, both in simple way and double way through the prerequisite tests for normality and linearity.

Results. The results showed that at the level of 5% error means the correlation between the use of digital media and physical activity and the physical fitness of students in 4th and 5th grade of the state of Ngablak Elementary School in 2019/2020 academic year Turi, Sleman Regency, it was Fcount = 11.072 > Ftable = 3.20.

Conclusions. Since Fcount > Ftable, it can be concluded there is a significant relation between the use of digital media and physical activity and physical fitness.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

A. Erlina Listyarini, Yogyakarta State University

Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Sport Science,
 Jl. Colombo Yogyakarta No.1, Karang Malang, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
erlina@uny.ac.id

Abdul Alim, Yogyakarta State University

Department of Sport Coaching, Faculty of Sport Science,
 Jl. Colombo Yogyakarta No.1, Karang Malang, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
abdulalim@uny.ac.id

Anisa Dwi Oktaviani, Yogyakarta State University

Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Sport Science,
Jl. Colombo Yogyakarta No.1, Karang Malang, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Oanisa29@gmail.com

Kukuh Hardopo Putro, Yogyakarta State University

Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science,
Jl. Colombo Yogyakarta No.1, Karang Malang, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Kukuhhardopo.2020@student.uny.ac.id

Agus Kristiyanto, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Faculty of Sports,
Jl. Menteri Supeno, Manahan, Banjarsari, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57139, Indonesia
agus_k@staff.uns.ac.id

Agus Margono, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Faculty of Sports,
Jl. Menteri Supeno,
Manahan, Banjarsari, Kota Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57139, Indonesia
agusmargono@staff.uns.ac.id

Kukuh Wahyudin Pratama, Institute of Advanced Science, Engineering, and Education

Department of Sport Science Research and Development,
A-03A-05, Suria Jelutong, Jalan Bazar U8/99, Shah Alam, 40150, Selangor, Malaysia
kukuh.pratama@iasee.org

References

Limin, D., Lingwen, S., Di, Z., Jia, S., Lingzhi, P., & Yizhu, Z. (2021). Research and Application of a Technology Eliminating Restriction of Electrical Equipment Capacity as Clean Electricity Heating Develops Rapidly. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 791(1), 012125. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/791/1/012125

Wu, L., Wang, D., & Evans, J. A. (2019). Large teams develop and small teams disrupt science and technology. Nature, 566(7744), 378–382. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-0941-9

Livingstone, S., Nandi, A., Banaji, S., & Stoilova, M. (2017). Young adolescents and digital media: uses, risks and opportunities in low-and middle-income countries: a rapid evidence review.

Cunningham, A. (2018, March). Acknowledging the Dark Side of Connectivity, Devices, and Media: A Teacher Education Imperative. In Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2245-2250). Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).

Kristiyanto, A., Prasetyo, Y., Pratama, K. W., Karakauki, M., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Access to The Utilization of Science and Technology of Sports and Familiarity of the Sports Community towards Technologically Based Devices. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(2), 022099. IOP Publishing.

Handa, M., & Ahuja, P. (2020). Disconnect to detox: A study of smartphone addiction among young adults in India. Young Consumers, 21(3), 273-287. https://doi.org/10.1108/YC-12-2019-1077

Pozuelo-Carrascosa, D. P., García-Hermoso, A., Álvarez-Bueno, C., Sánchez-López, M., & Martinez-Vizcaino, V. (2018). Effectiveness of school-based physical activity programmes on cardiorespiratory fitness in children: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(19), 1234-1240. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097600

Bidzan-Bluma, I., & Lipowska, M. (2018). Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning of Children: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(4), 800. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040800

Sutapa, P., Prasetyo, Y., Pratama, K. W., Karakauki, M., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Motor Development Index (MDI) Based on Combination of Human Development Index (HDI) and Sport Development Index (SDI) as a Success Parameter of Motor Development among Preschool Children: An Observational Study. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(3), 032003. IOP Publishing.

Pramandhika, R., Rumini, R., & Kusuma, D. W. Y. (2020). The Emotional Intelligence and Age Relationships Towards Basic Movement Locomotor in Kindergarten Students. Journal of Physical Education and Sports, 9(1), 20-24.

Castelli, D. M., & Sales Mitchell, L. (2021). Chapter 7: Selective Integration: Roles for Public Health, Kinesiology, and Physical Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 40(3), 402-411. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2020-0245

Nasrulloh, A., Prasetyo, Y., Nugroho, S., Yuniana, R., Pratama, K. W., Mustapha, A., & Idrus, S. Z. S. (2020). Tricet Method to Increase the Hypertrophy Muscle. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(3), 032006. IOP Publishing.

Nugroho, S., Nasrulloh, A., Karyono, T. H., Dwihandaka, R., & Pratama, K. W. (2021). Effect of intensity and interval levels of trapping circuit training on the physical condition of badminton players. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s3252

Osipov, A. Y., Nagovitsyn, R. S., Vaganova, O. I., Kutepov, M. M., Chelnokova, E. A., Ratmanskaya, T. I., & Vapaeva, A. V. (2021). Analysis of Physical Fitness and Physical Activity Results of Female Undergraduate and Graduate Students. Sport Mont, 19(1), 83-87. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.210218

Wilson, O. W. A., Panza, M. J., Evans, M. B., & Bopp, M. (2021). A Scoping Review on College Student Physical Activity: How Do Researchers Measure Activity and Examine Inequities? Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18(6), 728-736. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2020-0370

Gråstén, A., Yli-Piipari, S., Huhtiniemi, M., Salin, K., Hakonen, H., & Jaakkola, T. (2021). A one-year follow-up of basic psychological need satisfactions in physical education and associated in-class and total physical activity. European Physical Education Review, 27(3), 436-454. https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X20957356

Riso, E.-M., Toplaan, L., Viira, P., Vaiksaar, S., & Jürimäe, J. (2019). Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation. PLOS ONE, 14(6), e0218901. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218901

Pope, Z., Barr-Anderson, D., Lewis, B., Pereira, M., & Gao, Z. (2019). Use of Wearable Technology and Social Media to Improve Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors among College Students: A 12-Week Randomized Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193579

Cesare, N., Nguyen, Q. C., Grant, C., & Nsoesie, E. O. (2019). Social media captures demographic and regional physical activity. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 5(1), e000567. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000567
Published
2021-09-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Listyarini, A., Alim, A., Oktaviani, A., Putro, K., Kristiyanto, A., Margono, A., & Pratama, K. (2021). The Relations of Using Digital Media and Physical Activity with the Physical Fitness of 4th and 5th Grade Primary School Students. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(3), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.3.12
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)