Peculiarities of Higher Education Students’ Functional and Motor Preparedness

Keywords: male students, functional state, motor abilities


The objective is to determine the age peculiarities of higher education students’ functional and motor preparedness.

Materials and methods. The participants in the study were male students of the 1st year (n = 98), 2nd year (n = 69), 3rd year (n = 56), 4th year (n = 32), and 5th year (n = 46) of training.

The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set within the study: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; the index method and biomedical methods. The pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of the functional state of the organism and the motor abilities in higher education students of the 1st-5th years of trtaining; methods of mathematical statistics were used to processing the data.

Results. The first and second-year students demonstrated statistically reliable dynamics in the indicators of their functional and motor preparedness. Thus, at the age of 19, the students show a decrease in the Ruffier index (9.7 – “good heart”), the static equilibrium (12 sec. – “satisfactory”), and the standing long jump (Р <0.05). The breath-holding indicators and the speed-strength abilities (running 100 m) and the strength of hand muscles remain unchanged. At the age of 20, the students show a significant deterioration in the results of Gench’s test (31 sec.) and Romberg’s test (3.9 sec.), (P <0.05). The recorded results of the Ruffie index, timed inspiratory capacity, speed-strength abilities, and strength demonstrated no change. At the age of  20-21, significant changes happen to the indicators of the cardiovascular system and breath-holding. The speed-strength abilities, the strength of hand muscles remain unchanged. At the age of  21-22 (4th and 5th year), all the indicators show no change.

Conclusions. At the age ranging between 18 and 22, the Ruffle index shows an increase in the number of students whose diovascular system state indicator is assessed as “good” and a decrease in the number of students whose result by this indicator is assessed as “bad”. The level of motor abilities development varies statistically unreliably.



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How to Cite
Chernenko, S., Oliinyk, O., Kapkan, O., & Malakhova, Z. (2017). Peculiarities of Higher Education Students’ Functional and Motor Preparedness. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(4), 169-176.
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