Informative Indicators of Functional and Motor Fitness of Students of Higher Education Institutions

Keywords: male students, functional state, motor abilities, factor analysis

Abstract

The study objective was to determine informative indicators of functional and motor fitness of 1st-5th year students.

Materials and methods. The study involved male students of 1st year (n = 67), 2nd year (n = 66), 3rd year (n = 62), 4th year (n = 45), 5th year (n = 56). The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; index method and medical-biological methods. Pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of functional state of the body and motor abilities of 1st-5th year students of higher education institutions; factor analysis was used for data processing.

Results. By the Ruffier index, the 1st-2nd year students have an average heart performance. The 3rd-5th year students have a satisfactory heart performance. By the results of the Stange and Genci tests, the 1st-5th year students are evaluated as healthy and fit. According to the Romberg test, the 1st and 5th year students show higher results than the 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students (p < 0.001; p < 0.001; p < 0.006, respectively). The 3rd year students have the lowest results. The test results are estimated as lower than normal.

Conclusions. The analysis of motor and functional fitness of the 1st-5th year students showed that the first factor in their structure is the functional state of the respiratory system, the second factor is speed strength and strength fitness. The most informative tests are: 1st year – the Stange test (0.822) and Genci test (0.741); 2nd year – the Genci test (0.758), the Rufier index has the lowest informativity (0.11); 3rd year – “Standing long jump” (0.741) and the Genci test (0.723); 4th year – the Stange test (0.927) and Genci test (0.810); 5th year – the Stange test (0.799).

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Author Biographies

S. Chernenko, Donbas State Engineering Academy

Department of Physical Education 
Akademichna St, 72, Kramatorsk, 84313, Ukraine
chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net

O. Honcharenko, State Higher Edicational Institution “Donbas State Pedagogical University”

Department of Physical Education
G. Batyuk St, 19, Slavyansk, 84116, Ukraine
o.h.honcharenko@gmail.com

S. Marchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education
Alchevskikh St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine
sport-svet1968@ukr.net

References

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References

Published
2019-09-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Chernenko, S., Honcharenko, O., & Marchenko, S. (2019). Informative Indicators of Functional and Motor Fitness of Students of Higher Education Institutions. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(3), 107-115. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.01
Section
Physical Education of Various Population Groups