Effect of Continuous-Exercise and Modification Interval-Exercise on Decreasing Malondialdehyde and Blood Lactate Levels in Non-Professional Shorinji Kempo Athletes

Keywords: continuous exercise, modification interval exercise, shorinji kempo, healthy life style


The study purpose was to analyze the effect of continuous exercise and modification interval exercise on decreasing malondialdehyde (MDA) and blood lactate levels in non-professional Shorinji Kempo athletes.

Materials and methods. This study used a quasi-experimental method with a randomized pretest posttest-only group design. Subjects were 16 male adolescents aged 18-20, body mass index (BMI) 20-24 kg/m2, who had normal blood pressure, normal resting heart rate, and no history of chronic disease. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: CEG (n = 8, continuous exercise group) and MIEG (n = 8, modification interval exercise group). Continuous and modification interval exercises were carried out in 30 minutes/exercise sessions, with an intensity of 75% HRmax and 75% RM, as often as 3 times/week, for one week. Measurements of resting heart rate, blood lactate and MDA levels were performed 30 minutes pre-exercise and 10 minutes post-exercise. The data analysis technique used the Paired Sample T-Test and the independent T-test with SPSS software version 21.

Results. The results showed significant differences in resting heart rate, blood lactate and MDA levels pre-exercise vs. post-exercise on CEG and MIEG (p ≤ 0.05). A difference was also observed in Delta (Δ) heart rate pre-exercise vs. post-exercise on CEG (–3.88 ± 3.36 bpm) and MIEG (–15.25 ± 3.45 bpm) (p ≤ 0.001), but no differences were observed in the Delta (Δ) blood lactate and MDA levels in both groups.

Conclusion. Based on the study results, it was shown that continuous exercise and modification interval exercise increase blood lactate and MDA levels shortly after intervention but both exercises could reduce acute stress, which was indicated by a decrease in resting heart rate.


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Author Biographies

Tri Wahyu Aga Seputra, University of Airlangga

Sports Health Science, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia

Andri Suyoko, Surabaya State University

Faculty of Sport Science,
Lidah Wetan Street, Surabaya, East Java 60213, Indonesia 

Purwo Sri Rejeki, University of Airlangga

Physiology Division, Department of Medical Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia 

Adi Pranoto, University of Airlangga

Doctoral Program of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia 

Lilik Herawati, University of Airlangga

Physiology Division, Department of Medical Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia 

Andre Andarianto, University of Airlangga

Sports Health Science, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia 

Ghana Firsta Yosika, Tanjungpura University

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,
Prof. Dr. H. Hadari Nawawi Street, Pontianak, West Kalimantan 78124, Indonesia 

Nabilah Izzatunnisa, University of Airlangga

Medical Program, Faculty of Medicine,
Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Street, Surabaya, East Java 60132, Indonesia 

Mohamad Khairuddin Abdul Wahab, Management and Science University

Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine, International Medical School,
40100 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 


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How to Cite
Seputra, T. W. A., Suyoko, A., Rejeki, P. S., Pranoto, A., Herawati, L., Andarianto, A., Yosika, G. F., Izzatunnisa, N., & Wahab, M. K. A. (2022). Effect of Continuous-Exercise and Modification Interval-Exercise on Decreasing Malondialdehyde and Blood Lactate Levels in Non-Professional Shorinji Kempo Athletes. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(2), 209-215. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.2.09
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