Effect of Wearable Resistance Loading during Warm-Up Protocol on Front Kick Biomechanics in Taekwondo

Keywords: training, kinematic, kinetic, muscle activation, performance

Abstract

Research purpose. This study aims to examine and determine the effect of wearable resistance loading during warm-up protocol on front kick movement mechanics and muscle activation.

Materials and methods. Twenty-five (N = 25, height = 174.00 ± 4.76 cm, weight = 75.93 ± 13.64 kg, age = 22.57 ± 1.36 years) male university taekwondo athletes were recruited as participants of the study. Wearable resistance with loading of 0%, 5% and 10% of the athletes’ body mass were attached to participants’ thigh and shank. Kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during front kick were assessed.

Results. Overall, the results showed that there were no significant differences found between different WR loading in kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during front kick movement. The results reflected that there were no detrimental effects of wearing wearable resistance during warm-up sessions. The findings are somewhat surprising as it was hypothesized that WR loading would produce effects on the mechanics of kicking and muscle activation. Wearable resistance did not increase kicking performance which was reflected by kicking velocity. This might be due to percentage of loading used which are seen as not reducing the performance, which reflects that the wearable resistance can be used during warm-up in training sessions as an add-on to resistance training.

Conclusions. We suggest that future studies should examine the chronic effects of wearable resistance as specific tools to be used in enhancing the performance of taekwondo kicks.

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Author Biographies

Tuan Muhammad Shafiq Tuan Ibrahim, Sultan Idris Education University

Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia
kingzauron@gmail.com

Kevin Tan, Management and Science University

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences,
University Drive, Off Persiaran Olahraga, 40100 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
kevin13@live.com.my

Nor Fazila Abd Malek, Sultan Idris Education University


Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia
fazipanthera@gmail.com

Ahmad Aqil Mohamad Jahizi, Sultan Idris Education University


Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia 
aqilmohamadjahizi@gmail.com

Nur Ikhwan Mohamad, Sultan Idris Education University


Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia
nur.ikhwan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my

Zulezwan Ab Malik, Sultan Idris Education University


Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia 
zulezwan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my

Ali Md Nadzalan, Sultan Idris Education University

Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching,
35900, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia
ali.nadzalan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my

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Published
2022-06-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Ibrahim, T. M. S. T., Tan, K., Malek, N. F. A., Jahizi, A. A. M., Mohamad, N. I., Ab Malik, Z., & Md Nadzalan, A. (2022). Effect of Wearable Resistance Loading during Warm-Up Protocol on Front Kick Biomechanics in Taekwondo. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(2), 223-228. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.2.11
Section
Original Scientific Articles

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