The Difference of Anthropometric Characteristics Between Elite and Novice Bodybuilders in Thailand

Keywords: bodybuilding, anthropometry, lean body mass, balance, winning criteria

Abstract

Research purpose. This study aims to compare anthropometric characteristics between elite and novice bodybuilders.

Materials and methods. Twenty bodybuilders consisted of 10 elites and 10 novices were recruited. Percent body fat, segmental lean mass, and segmental fat mass were measured by a bioelectrical impedance analysis device. Other measure includes the circumference of body segment and body height.

Results. Results of the study indicated that significant differences were found in terms of upper arm (flexed) circumference, upper arm circumference, and chest circumference, with the elite, were bigger than the novice. Elite bodybuilders also had significantly lower body fat percentage, with a better segmental lean mass of the right arm, left arm, and trunk. Interestingly neck, arm, waist, hip, thigh, and calf circumferences were not significantly different between groups. Similar insignificant differences were also found in body mass index, a segmental lean mass of right leg and left leg, a segmental fat mass of left and right arm, trunk, and left and right leg. With regards specifically to the group of bodybuilders that participated in this study, the non-significant differences variables may indicate areas that can be improved in terms of training in both elite and novice. The variables with significant differences may indicate the area that may have been over-emphasized by the elite group, which may also contribute to their better (winning) performance.

Conclusions. In a conclusion, the results also correspond well with bodybuilding judging criteria, where one of them such as size (circumference) may be similar, but bodybuilders with lean and well-defined bodies will be in the winning group.

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Author Biographies

Thanatpong Sukwong, Chandrakasem Rajabhat University

Sports Science Division, Faculty of Science,
Chankasem, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand 
thanatpongsw@gmail.com

Potchara Chinnasee, Chandrakasem Rajabhat University

Sports Science Division, Faculty of Science,
Chankasem, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand 
pchinnasee@gmail.com

Vorramate Prajongjai, Chandrakasem Rajabhat University

Sports Science Division, Faculty of Science,
Chankasem, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand 
p.vorramate@gmail.com

Chamnan Chinnasee, Thaksin University

Sports Science Division, Faculty of Science,
Chankasem, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand 
chamnan21@hotmail.com

Ali Md Nadzalan, Sultan Idris Education University

Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, 
Tanjong Malim, Perak, 35900, Malaysia
ali.nadzalan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my

Nur Ikhwan Mohamad, Sultan Idris Education University

Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, 
Tanjong Malim, Perak, 35900, Malaysia
nur.ikhwan@fsskj.upsi.edu.my

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Published
2022-03-25
Cited
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How to Cite
Sukwong, T., Chinnasee, P., Prajongjai, V., Chinnasee, C., Md Nadzalan, A., & Mohamad, N. I. (2022). The Difference of Anthropometric Characteristics Between Elite and Novice Bodybuilders in Thailand. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(1), 101-105. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.1.14
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