Effect of Movement Games on Physical Fitness of Children with Intellectual Disabilities

Keywords: movement games, physical fitness, psychomotor development, mental condition

Abstract

Research purpose. The study was aimed at investigating the effect of the proposed technology using movement games on the physical and psychomotor fitness of young schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities. 

Materials and Methods. Fourty children from an orphan asylum in Smila, Cherkasy region (Ukraine) participated in the study. All children were divided into two groups: control and experimental; all of them had been diagnosed with moderate-grade oligophrenia and were 2nd and 3rd graders (age 9–12 years). The control group consisted of 22 pupils, including 11 boys and 11 girls. The experimental group consisted of 18 pupils, including 9 boys and 9 girls. The following research methods were used to solve the problems set in the paper: analysis and generalization of information from special scientific literature, pedagogical research methods, method of comparison and similitude, psychoemotional state and psychomotor development research methods, methods of mathematical statistics. 

Results. The study results set forth in the paper will allow stating the fact that lessons with the use of movement games have a positive effect on the physical and psychomotor fitness of young schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities, which ensures their social adaptation in the context of growth. 

Conclusions. Increasing the time spent on playing games not only in classes but also in extracurricular activities had a positive effect that found expression in the improvement of the children’s health and psychoemotional condition, which is the main component of the behavior of a child with mental disabilities. It can be stated that, after using the proposed movement games, the indicators of the pupils’ psychomotor and mental condition, memory, perception of reality and attention improved in the positive dynamics of their physical fitness. It was found that the number of nervous breakdowns, depressive states and symptoms of stress decreased during the selected movement games.

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Author Biographies

Larysa Kuznetsova, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
l.kuznetsova@meta.ua

Sergii Trachuk, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
trachuk_sergey@i.ua

Viacheslav Semenenko, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
smart.semenenko@gmail.com

Olha Kholodova, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
holodova2007@ukr.net

Liudmyla Podosinova, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Water Sports
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
podosinova@meta.ua

Mariia Brychuk, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Education,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
maxa.brychuk@gmail.com

Oleg Varenyk, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Management and Economics of Sports
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
varvoleg18@gmail.com

Halyna Kedrych, Taras Shevchenko Regional Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy in Kremenets

Department of Sports Games and Tourism,
Litseina St, 1, Kremenets, Ternopil region, 47003, Ukraine
kedruch90@gmail.com

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Published
2022-06-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Kuznetsova, L., Trachuk, S., Semenenko, V., Kholodova, O., Podosinova, L., Brychuk, M., Varenyk, O., & Kedrych, H. (2022). Effect of Movement Games on Physical Fitness of Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(2), 158-165. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.2.02
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Original Scientific Articles