Research of Training Loads of Basketball Players
The study objective is to identify physiological indicators for the systematization of basketball players’ special exercises and limit values of physiological indicators with sufficient “distinctive power” in each of the allocated training load ranges.
Materials and methods. The study used empirical methods of measuring heart rate during competitions, pulmonary ventilation values, О2 consumption during physical work, О2-debt, “excess” CО2 emissions and individual pulse rates, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results. Relationships between the level of physical activity and physiological shifts in the body of basketball players have been established. It is revealed that indicators of pulmonary ventilation can be used to control the training effect of aerobic exercise. Exercises of anaerobic glycolytic orientation have been shown to have the most pronounced effect on the body of basketball players. There are certain mean and limit values for different physiological parameters, characteristic of different ranges of training loads.
Conclusions. It is established that in assessing the urgent training effect of special exercises of basketball players, different physiological indicators have different “distinguishing power”. Based on the results of the study, it is proposed to systematize the special exercises of basketball players according to the ranges of training loads by the nature of their training effect.
Raiola, G., Altavilla, G., Tafuri, D., & Lipoma, M. (2016). Analysis of learning a basketball shot. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(1), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2016.01001
Doroshenko, E., Sushko, R., Koryahin, V., Pityn, M., Tkalich, J., & Blavt, O. (2019). The competitive activity structure of highly skilled basketball players on the basis of factor analysis methods. Hum Mov, 20(4), 33-40. https://doi.org/10.5114/hm.2019.85091
Backman, L.J., & Danielson, P. (2011). Low range of ankle dorsiflexion predisposes for patellar tendinopathy in junior elite basketball players: A 1-year prospective study. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(12), 2626-2633. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546511420552
Hoare, D.G. (2000). Predicting success in junior elite basketball players–the contribution of anthropometic and physiological attributes. Journal Sci Med Sport, 3(4), 391-405. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1440-2440(00)80006-7
Gonzalo-Skok, O., Tous-Fajardo, J., Valero-Campo, C., Berzosa, C., Bataller, A.V., Arjol-Serrano, J.L., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2017). Eccentric overload training in team-sports functional performance: Constant bilateral vertical vs. Variable unilateral multidirectional movements. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12(7), 951-958. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0251
Karpowicz, К., & Karpowicz, М. (2013). Structure of motor skills in young athletes. Hum Mov, 14(3), 221-228. https://doi.org/10.2478/humo-2013-0027
Asadi, A., Saez de Villarreal, E., & Arazi, H. (2015). The effects of plyometric type neuromuscular training on postural control performance of male team basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(7), 1870-1875. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000832
Ben Abdelkrim, N., Castagna, C., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2010). The effect of players’ standard and tactical strategy on game demands in men’s basketball. Journal Strength Cond Res, 24, 2652-62. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e2e0a3
Ciuti, С, Marcello, С., Macis, А., Onnis, E., Solinas, R., & Lai, С. (2009). Improved aerobic power by detraining in basketball players mainly trained for strength. Journal Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation, 6(4), 325-335. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438629609512063
Aiken, C.A., Fairbrother, J.T., & Post, P.G. (2012). The Effects of Self-Controlled Video Feedback on the Learning of a Basketball Set Shot. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 338. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00338
Montgomery, P.G., Pyne, D.B., & Minahan, C.L. (2010). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5, 75-86. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.1.75
Tyshchenko, V., Hnatchuk, Yа., Pasichnyk, V., Bubela, О.О., & Semeryak, Z. (2018). Factor analysis of indicators of physical and functional preparation of basketball players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(4), 269, 1839-1844. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.s4269
Gonzalo-Skok, О., Sánchez-Sabaté, J., Izquierdo-Lupón, L., & Sáez de Villarreal, E. (2019). Influence of force-vector and force application plyometric training in young elite basketball players. European Journal of Sport Science, 19(3), 305-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1502357
Erčulj, F., Blas, М., & Bračič, M. (2010). Physical demands on young elite European female basketball players with special reference to speed, agility, explosivestrength, and take-off power. J Strength Cond Res, 24(11), 2970-2978. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e38107
Ben Abdelkrim, N., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2007). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year old basketball players during competition. British Journal Sports Medicine, 41(2), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318
Conlee, R. K., McGown, C. M., Fisher, A. G., Dalsky, G. P., & Robinson, K. C. (2017). Physiological Effects of Power Volleyball. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 10(2), 93-97. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.1982.11947167
Anastasiadis, M. (2006). The Basketball Training. Athens: IN. Elvekalt EPE.
Sallet, P., Perrier, D., Ferret, J.M., Vitelli, V., & Baverel, G. (2005). Physiological differences in professional basketball players as a function of playing position and level of play. Journal Sport Med Phys Fit, 45, 291-295.
Tomlin, D., & Wenger, H. (2002). The relationships between aerobic fitness, power maintenance and oxygen consumption during intense intermittent exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 5(3), 194-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(02)80004-4
Koryagin, V., & Blavt, O. (2019). Innovative test control technologies in physical education and sports: a monograph. Lviv, Ukraine: Lviv Polytechnic Publishing House, 236.
Beaver, W.L., Wasserman, K., & Whipp, B. J. (1986). A new method for detecting anaerobic threshold by gas exchange. J Appl Physiol, 60(6), 2020-7. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.19188.8.131.520
MacDougall, J.D., Wenger, H.A., & Green, H.J. (2017). In Physiological Testing of the High Performance Athlete, (2nd ed), Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Volkov, N.I. (1986). Biochemical factors of sports performance. M.: FiS.
Zankovets, V. (2016). Testing Encyclopedia. M.: Sport.
Yeager, J.M., & Karsten, К. (eds.). (2016). Muscles in sports. Anatomy. Physiology. Training. Rehabilitation. M.: Practical medicine.
Ingebrigtsen, J., Jeffreys, I., & Rodahl, S. (2013). Physical characteristics and abilities of junior elite male and female handball players. J Strength Cond Res, 27(2), 302-309. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318254899f
Kozina, Z., Iermakov, S., Cretu, М., Kadutskaya, L., & Sobyanin, F. (2017) Physiological and subjective indicators of reaction to physical load of female basketball players with different game roles. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(1), 56, 378-382. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.01056
Ramos, R., Rubio, J., Martínez, F., Esteban, P., & Jiménez, J. (2010). Physiological, podological and somatometric characteristics of professional basketball player. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 27(136), 84-94.
Кoryagin, V., Вlavt, О., & Grebinca, G. (2016). Optimization of the technical training system. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(2), 1029-1030. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2016.s2163
Thoden, J.S., Wilson, B.A., & MacDougall, J.D. (1991). Testing aerobic power. In: MacDougall JD, Wenger HA, Green HJ (eds) Physiological testing of the elite athlete. Movement, New York, 107-173.
Narazaki, K., Berg, К., Stergiou, N., & Chen, B. (2009). Physiological demands of competitive basketball. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 19(3), 425-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00789.x
Scanlan, А.Т., Fox, J.L., Borges, N.R., Tucker, P.S., & Dalbo, V.J. (2018). Temporal changes in physiological and performance responses across game-specific simulated basketball activity. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 7(2), 176-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.05.002
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).