Negative Correlation between Outdoor Cycling Physical Activity and Depression Levels during the Covid-19 Pandemic among Members of Malang Cycling Community

Keywords: Physical activity, cycling, COVID-19, pandemic, depression

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to analyze the relationship between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic among the members of the bicycle community in Malang City. 

Materials and methods. This research is correlational, with a cross-sectional study approach. A total of 125 subjects from the bicycle community in Malang City voluntarily participated to become respondents in this study. The measurement of cycling physical activity habits was carried out using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), while the measurement of the level of depression used the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). Measurements of physical activity habits and depression levels were performed at the same time. The data analysis used the Pearson product-moment model using statistical software package for social science (SPSS) version 17.0 with a set significance level (p ≤ 0.05).

Results. The results showed that there was a negative correlation between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression (r = –0.604; p ≤ 0.001) and showed a strong correlation between the two variables.

Conclusions. Based on the results of the study, there is a negative correlation between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic among the members of the bicycle community in Malang City.

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Author Biographies

Slamet Raharjo, State University of Malang

Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science,
Semarang No. 5 Street, Malang, East Java 65145, Indonesia 
slamet.raharjo.fik@um.ac.id

Ari Wibowo Kurniawan, State University of Malang

Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Sports Sciences,
Semarang No. 5 Street, Malang, East Java 65145, Indonesia 
ari.wibowo.fik@um.ac.id

Heni Yuli Handayani, STKIP PGRI Bangkalan

Study Program of Sports Education,
Soekarno Hatta No. 52 Street, Bangkalan, East Java 69116, Indonesia 
heni@stkipgri-bkl.ac.id

Widiastuti Widiastuti, State University of Jakarta

Faculty of Sport Science,
Pemuda, No. 10 Street, East Jakarta, Special Capital Region of Jakarta 13220, Indonesia 
widiastuti@unj.ac.id

Muhammad Syamsul Taufik, University of Suryakancana

Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher and Education,
Pasir Gede Raya Street, Cianjur, West Java 43216, Indonesia 
syamsul@unsur.ac.id

Avryan Sandryawan, State University of Malang

Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science,
Semarang No. 5 Street, Malang, East Java 65145, Indonesia 
avryansandryawan12@gmail.com

Olivia Andiana, State University of Malang

Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science,
Semarang No. 5 Street, Malang, East Java 65145, Indonesia 
olivia.andiana.fik@um.ac.id

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Published
2022-06-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Raharjo, S., Kurniawan, A. W., Handayani, H. Y., Widiastuti, W., Taufik, M. S., Sandryawan, A., & Andiana, O. (2022). Negative Correlation between Outdoor Cycling Physical Activity and Depression Levels during the Covid-19 Pandemic among Members of Malang Cycling Community. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(2), 202-208. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.2.08
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Original Scientific Articles