Means of Speed-Strength Abilities Development in Physical Training Classes with 10th Graders

  • С. А. Пашкевич G.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
  • Я. В. Матвієнко G.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
Keywords: speed-strength abilities, motor structure, dynamic compliance, movement biodynamics, muscle tension regime

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to determine the means of development of speed-strength abilities manifesting in jump-offs in jumping exercises in classes with the 10th graders in order to improve the compliance with the standards of physical preparedness.

Materials and methods. Analysis and collation of scientific and methodological literature, special preparedness testing, methods of mathematical statistics. The participants in the experiment were eight 10th-grade boys who turned fifteen or sixteen at the time of the experiment.

Research results. During the experiment, we used the following tests: standing long jump, 30‑meter race from the standing start, standing triple jump. We suggested that the pupils perform special exercises: jumping on two legs and pulling up bent legs to the chest, repeated jumps on two legs over obstacles, jumping on two legs over the gymnastic bench while moving along the bench, jumping off a 60-70-cm height landing in half-squat, jumping off a 30-40-cm height onto two legs followed by a jump over obstacles (3-4 low barriers).

Conclusions. When performing jumping exercises, it is necessary to create conditions for the reactive-ballistic type of muscle contractions. Experimental exercises were selected by the criteria of “the dynamic compliance principle” to correspond, fully or partly, to the nature of motor activity: motor structure, jump-off biodynamics, muscle tension regime, peculiarities of manifestation of speed-strength abilities.

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Published
2016-08-06
How to Cite
Пашкевич, С., & Матвієнко, Я. (2016). Means of Speed-Strength Abilities Development in Physical Training Classes with 10th Graders. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, (2), 48-52. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2016.2.1163
Section
Physical Training at School