Martial Arts and Doping (the case of Sambo)

Keywords: anti-doping education, sambo athletes, doping

Abstract

Background. Today, the problem of doping is the most well-known negative phenomenon in modern sport, which has become widespread in response to its active commercialization. The majority of people would agree that doping issue has moral and ethical basis, therefore the educational component of anti-doping policies is most promising in achieving the desired result – doping-free sport. 

Research purpose. The study was aimed to investigate the peculiarities of the ideas sambo athletes may have about the problem of doping in modern sport.

Materials and methods. The study involved 97 highly professional sambo athletes from 21 countries, namely Russia, Ukraine, Mexico, Japan, the USA, Canada, Cuba, Guatemala, Republic of Korea, Colombia, Paraguay, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Honduras, Uruguay, and Costa Rica.

Results. A survey conducted among the professional sambo athletes, participants of the 2018 World Cup, made it possible to establish their knowledge about and their attitude to doping. It became known that 76.29% of the athletes were well familiar with the doping control procedure, while 23.71% were not. At the same time, 78.35% of the respondents believed that they knew their rights and responsibilities during the doping control procedure, and 21.65% of the athletes did not. 77.32% of the respondents knew the organizer of doping control and 22.68% did not.

Conclusions. The analysis of the study results and WADA statistics give grounds to state that the problem of doping in modern athletes remains an urgent problem in professional sports, including sambo.

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Author Biographies

Bogdan Mytskan, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture
Shevchenko St, 57, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018
bogomdan_21@ukr.net

Tetiana Mytskan, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture
Shevchenko St, 57, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018
tania_mytskan@ukr.net

Yuryj Oliinyk, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture
Shevchenko St, 57, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018
yuriy1215@ukr.net

Georgiy Korobeynikov, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Department of Martial Arts,
Fizkultury St, 1, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine 
k.george.65.w@gmail.com

Wojciech Cynarski, University of Rzeszów

Department of Cultural Foundations of Physical Education, Tourism and Recreation
aleja Tadeusza Rejtana 16c, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
cynarski@ur.edu.pl

Stanisław Zaborniak, University of Rzeszów

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences
aleja Tadeusza Rejtana 16c, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
zaborniaks@wp.pl

Carlos Gutiérrez-García, University of León

Department of Physical and Sports Education
Campus de Vegazana S/N, 24071 León, Spain
cgutg@unileon.es

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Published
2022-06-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Mytskan, B., Mytskan, T., Oliinyk, Y., Korobeynikov, G., Cynarski, W., Zaborniak, S., & Gutiérrez-García, C. (2022). Martial Arts and Doping (the case of Sambo). Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 22(2), 276-281. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.2.19
Section
Original Scientific Articles