Differentiation of Physical Loads in Female Students of Different Motor Ages

Keywords: motor age, differentiated approach, recreational aerobics, motor qualities, dosage

Abstract

Purpose: To develop and evaluate the impact of a program of sectional recreational aerobics classes, taking into account the differentiation of physical loads in female students of different motor ages.

Materials and Methods. Participants: In the ascertaining experiment, 145 second-year female students were examined, in the formative experiment – 42 female students.

The following indicators were measured: biological age (years) using V. P. Voitenko’s method (1991), motor age (years) and the general level of physical conditions (points), heart rate (bpm), heart rate recovery time after 20 squats in 30 s (min, s), the level of physical health (points), physical activity index (c. u.), the level of general physical working capacity (PWC170, kgm ∙ min-1); VO2 max (ml ∙ kg ∙ min-1) – maximal oxygen consumption. The level of motor qualities development: 2,000 m run (min, s), 4×9 m shuttle run (s), standing long jump (cm), sit-ups in 1 min (times), push-ups (times), seated forward bend (cm).

Results. The study developed and tested an experimental program of recreational aerobics classes, taking into account a differentiated approach to dosing physical loads in female students of different motor ages. Data factorization revealed a rational combination of means for developing motor qualities: strength endurance – 15.88%, dynamic strength – 12.86%, speed and strength endurance – 8.72%, static endurance – 17.87%, flexibility – 12.69%, speed abilities – 14.66%, and coordination abilities – 17.32%. The study found a moderate negative correlation between motor age and the level of physical health (r = -0.68 at p < 0.01). Three levels of motor age with respect to the levels of physical health were identified.

Conclusions. Taking into account female students’ motor age during recreational aerobics classes ensures optimal motor activity and increases the level of physical fitness.

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Author Biographies

Eduard Doroshenko, Zaporizhzhia State Medical University

Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine, Physical Education and Health,
Mayakovsky St, 26, Zaporizhzhia, 69035 Ukraine
doroe@ukr.net

Antonina Hurieieva, Zaporizhzhia State Medical University

Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine, Physical Education and Health, 
Mayakovsky St, 26, Zaporizhzhia, 69035 Ukraine
gureev@i.ua

Anastasiia Symonik, Zaporizhzhia National University

Department of Physical Culture and Sports,
Zhukovsky St, 66, Zaporizhzhia, 69600, Ukraine
020190@ukr.net

Olena Chernenko, Zaporizhzhia State Medical University

Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine, Physical Education and Health,
Mayakovsky St, 66, Zaporizhzhia, 69035 Ukraine
chernenko.e7@gmail.com

Andrii Chernenko, National University “Zaporizhzhia Polytechnic”

Department of Physical Culture, Olympic and Non-Olympic Sports,
Zhukovsky St, 64, Zaporizhzhia, 69063, Ukraine
andreychernenko781@gmail.com

Dmytro Serdyuk, Zaporizhzhia National University

Department of Physical Culture and Sports,
Zhukovsky St, 66, Zaporizhzhia, 69600, Ukraine
serdyuk99999@gmail.com 

Andrii Svatiev, Zaporizhzhia National University

Department of Physical Culture and Sports,
Zhukovsky St, 66, Zaporizhzhia, 69600, Ukraine
29011973@ukr.net

Kateryna Tsarenko, Zaporizhzhia National University

Department of physical rehabilitation, 
Zhukovsky St, 66, Zaporizhzhia, 69600, Ukraine
tsarenko.fkis@gmail.com

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Published
2021-06-25
Cited
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How to Cite
Doroshenko, E., Hurieieva, A., Symonik, A., Chernenko, O., Chernenko, A., Serdyuk, D., Svatiev, A., & Tsarenko, K. (2021). Differentiation of Physical Loads in Female Students of Different Motor Ages. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(2), 158-166. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.2.09
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