Effect of Recreational Futsal on Body Composition in Passive Football Players
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of recreational futsal on passive middle-aged footballers in body composition.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted on a sample of 58 men aged from 30 to 40, average age 35.88 ± 2.39. The sample was divided into two groups. The first group included 29 passive football players (average age 35.58 ± 2.36) who were engaged in recreational futsal 2-3 times a week, and the second group included 29 passive football players (average age 36.17 ± 2.42) who weren’t engaged in recreational physical activity. The body composition was assessed by TANITA BC-601, the method of bioelectrical impedance, which became a reference method in research studies in the body composition analysis. The variables obtained were: body height (cm), body weight (kg), fat mass (%), muscle mass (kg), bone mass (kg), body mass index (kg/m2), calorie consumption – daily calorie intake (kcal), vitality of the body, quantity of water in the body (%), visceral fat (%).
Results. Groups are not distinguished in the variables body height (HBH), calorie consumption – daily calorie intake (DCI), vitality of the body (BMR), and quantity of water in the body (TBV) because p > 0.05. In the variables where body mass, body fat tissue and muscle mass were assed, namely body weight (BWT), fat mass (BFP), muscle mass (TBM), bone mass (BMD), body mass index (BMI) and visceral fat (AVF), a statistically significant difference was gained p < 0.05 in favor of the group of passive football players who were involved in recreational futsal.
Conclusions. It can be said that the recreational futsal as physical activity is an effective tool to improve body composition not only in passive football players but in all persons of all ages regardless of gender. Intensity and duration in recreational futsal is an effective way to reduce body fat in the population of passive middle-aged football players.
Booth, F., & Chkravarthy, M. (2002). Cost and consequnces of sedentery living: New battleground for an old enemy. President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sport Research Digest, 3rd ser. no.16.
Trost, S., Owen, N., Bauman, A. F., Sallis, J., & Brown, W. (2003). Correlates of adults’ participation in physical activity: Review and update. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, 34(12), 1996-2001. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200212000-00020
Hajmer, S. (2010). Physical activity and health in Europe. Zagreb: Faculty of Kinesiology.
Sallis, J. F., Prochaska, J. J., & Taylor, W. C. (2000). A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents. Medicine Science Sports Exercise, 32(5), 963-975. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200005000-00014
Warburton, D. E., Gledhill, N., & Quinney, A. (2001). Musculoskeletal fitness and health. Canadian Journal Applied Physiology, 26(2), 217-237. https://doi.org/10.1139/h01-013
World Health Assembly. (2004). Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
Schneider, S., & Becker, S. (2005). Prevalence of physical activity among the working population and correlation with work-related factors: results from the first German National Health Survey. Journal of Occupational Health, 47(5), 414-423. https://doi.org/10.1539/joh.47.414.
Xu, F., Marchand, S., Corcoran, C., DiBiasio, H., Clough, R., Dyer, C.S., Nobles, J., White, J., Greaney, M.L., & Greene, G.W. (2017). A community-based nutrition and physical activity intervention for children who are overweight or obese and their caregivers. Journal Obese. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2746595
Altavilla, G., D’Elia, F., & Raiola, G. (2018). A brief review of the effects of physical activity in subjects with cardiovascular disease: An interpretative key. Sport Mont, 16(3), 103-106. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.181018
Krustrup, P., Aagaard, P., Nybo, L., Petersen, J., Mohr, M., & Bangsbo, J. (2010). Recreational football as a health promoting activity: a topical review. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 20(Suppl. 1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600- 0838.2010.01108.x
Raiola, G. (2013). Body knowledge and motor skills. Knowledge Cultures, 1(6), 64-72.
Severino, N.C., Cassese, F.P., Ceciliani, A., D’Elia, F., & Di Tore, A.P. (2019). Psychophysical benefits of recreational five-a-side football. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(2proc), S206-S214. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc2.07
Helge, E.W., Aagaard, P., Jakobsen, M.D., Sundstrup, E., Randers, M.B., Karlsson, M.K., & Krustrup, P. (2010). Recreational football training decreases risk factors for bone fractures in untrained premenopausal women. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 20(1), 31-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01107.x
Randers, M., Nielsen, J.J., Bangsbo, J., & Krustrup, P. (2014). Physiological response and activity profile in recreational small sided football: No effect of the number of players. Scand Journal Med Sci Sports. 24(suppl 1), 130-137. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12232
Krustrup, P., Nielsen, J.J., Krustrup, B., Christensen, J.F., Pedersen, H., Randers, M.B., Aagaard, P., Petersenm A.M., Nybom L., & Bangsbo, J. (2009). Recreational soccer is an effective health promoting activity for untrained men. Br J Sports Med, 43(11), 825-831. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2008.053124
Donnelly, J., Blair, S., Jakicic, J. et al. (2009). Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. ACSM-position stand. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41(2), 459-471. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181949333
D’Elia, F., Mazzeo, F., & Raiola, G. (2018). The core curriculum in the university training of the teacher of physical education in Italy. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 13(2proc), S413-S420. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.13.Proc2.25
D’Isanto, T., D’Elia, F., Raiola, G., & Altavilla, G. (2019). Assessment of sport performance: Theoretical aspects and practical indications. Sport Mont, 17(1), 79-82. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.190214
D’isanto, T. (2019). Physical and sport education between Italian academic system and European Research Council structure panel. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(proc 1), S66-S76. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc1.08
Tsourlou, T., Benik, A., Dipla, K., Zaferidis, A., & Kells, S. (2006). The effects of a a twenty- four-week aquatic training program on muscular strength performance in healthy elderly women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Resarch, 20(4), 811- 818. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-18455.1
Swain, P. & Franklin, B. (2006). Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise. American Journal Cardiol, 97(1), 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.130
Binder, E.F., Yarasheski, K.E., Steger-May, K., Sinacore, D.R., Brown, M., Schechtman, K.B., & Holloszy, J.O. (2005). Effects of progressive resistance training on body composition in frail older adults: Results of a randomized, controlled trial. Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 60(11), 1425-1431. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/60.11.1425
Hanson, E.D., Srivatsan, S.R., Agrawal, S., Menon, K.S., Delmonico, M.J., & Wang, M.Q. (2009). Effects of strength training on physical function: Influence of power, strength, and body composition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(9), 2627-2637. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b2297b
Vicente-Rodriguez, G. (2006). How does exercise affect bone development during growth? Sports Medicine, 36(7), 561-569. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636070-00002
Khan, K., McKay, Kannus, P., Bailey, D., Wark, J., & Bennell, K. (2001). Physical activity and bone health. Human Kinetics, pp275. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000142662.21767.58
Gracia-Marco, L., Moreno, L.A., Ortega, F.B., Leon, F., Sioen, I., Kafatos, A., MartinezGomez, D., Widhalm, K., Castillo, M.J., & Vicente-Rodriguez. (2011). Levels of physical activity that predict optimal bone mass in adolescents the HELENA study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 40(6), 599-607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2011.03.001
Gallagher, D., Visser M., De Meersman, R.E., Sepulveda, D., Baumgartner, R.N., Pierson, R.N., Harris, T., & Heymsfield, S.B. (1997). Appendicular skeletal muscle mass: Effects of age, gender, and ethnicity. Journal of Applied Physiology, 83(1), 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1922.214.171.124
Baumgartner, R.N. (1998). Electrical Impedance and Total Body Electrical Conductivity. In “Human Body Composition” (AF Roche, SB Heymsfield and TG Lohman, eds.). Journal Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL, 79-107.
Ho, S.S., Dhaliwal, S.S., Hills, A.P., & Pal, S. (2012). The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial. BMI Public Health, 28(12), 704. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-704
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).