Features of the Canoeists’ Special Physical Fitness at the Distance of 1000 m
The aim of the study. To better understanding of the indicators of functional support for special endurance and physiological demands in canoeists at a distance of 1000 m.
Material and methods: 20 athletes (19-23 years) in canoeing from Shandong and Jiangxi provinces.
Results. According to the results of the analysis, the following typological groups of athletes-canoeists, specializing in the distance of 1000 m, with pronounced differences in the implementation of anaerobic energy supply. Typological groups of athletes had no significant differences in aerobic energy capacity (p > 0.05).
The first typological group (La max 90s <10.08 mmol·l-1, p < 0.05) is characterized by: power indicators 4.96 ± 2.35 mmol·l-1 and anaerobic energy supply capacity 6.93 ± 3.16 mmol·l-1, which were the lowest among other groups of athletes. Athletes showed significantly low performance in 10-s, 30-s and 90-s tests, and performed less work in the step test, with varying degrees of severity of fatigue compensation mechanisms.
The second typological group (La max 90s – 10.08-16.64 mmol·l-1, p < 0.05), is characterized by high power 7.4 ± 1.68 mmol·l-1 and low capacity anaerobic energy supply 13.32 ± 1.52 mmol·l-1. Athletes performed a sufficient amount of work in the step test (3-4 steps), but performance in the 90-s test was reduced, there were reduced characteristics of the ability to compensate for fatigue.
The third typological group (La max 90 c-> 16.64 mmol·l-1, p <0.05) is characterized by: power indicators 8.20 ± 2.36 mmol·l-1 and anaerobic energy supply capacity 17.85 ± 1.05 mmol·l-1, which were the highest among other groups of athletes and significantly (p < 0.05) higher performance in 30-s, 90-s tests, and the level of power at which the maximum oxygen consumption in the step test is reached.
Conclusion. The results of the studies indicate differences in the level of functional support for special endurance for paddlers of uniform groups for canoeists that specialize in a distance of 1000 m.
Someren, K. V., & Howatson, G. (2008). Prediction of flatwater kayaking performance. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 3(2), 207-218. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.2.207
García-Pallarés, J., Sánchez-Medina, L., Carrasco, L., Díaz, A., & Izquierdo, M. (2009). Endurance and neuromuscular changes in world-class level kayakers during a periodized training cycle. European journal of applied physiology, 106(4), 629-638. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1061-2
Bishop, D., Bonetti, D., & Dawson, B. (2002). The influence of pacing strategy on VO2 and supramaximal kayak performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 34(6), 1041-1047. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200206000-00022
Nekriošius, R., Dadeliene, R., , Balčiūnas, E., & Milasius, K. (2018).Peculiarities of aerobic development in kayak rowers preparing for 1000 m event. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 3. https://doi.org/10.33607/bjshs.v3i90.167.
Lim, A. C., Byrnes, W. C., Wilber, R. L., & Kearney, J. T. (1997). Exercise-induced desaturation in elite female and male cyclists at moderate altitudes 1628. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 29(5), 286. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199705001-01627
Diachenko, A., Guo Pengcheng, Wang Weilong, Rusanova, O., Kong Xianglin, & Shkrebtiy, Y. (2020). Characteristics of the power of aerobic energy supply for paddlers with high qualification in China. Journal of physical education and sport, 20(supplement issue 1), art 43, 312-317. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.s1043
Dyachenko, A.Y. (2004). Special endurance of qualified athletes in rowing. NPF Slavutich-Dolphin. 338 р.
Fry, R. W., & Morton, A. R. (1991). Physiological and kinanthropometric attributes of elite flatwater kayakists. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 23(11), 1297-1301. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199111000-00016
Zamparo, P., Capelli, C., & Guerrini, G. (1999). Energetics of kayaking at submaximal and maximal speeds. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, 80(6), 542-548. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004210050632
Tesch P. A. (1983). Physiological characteristics of elite kayak paddlers. Canadian journal of applied sport sciences. Journal canadien des sciences appliquees au sport, 8(2), 87-91.
Someren, K. V., Phillips, G. R., & Palmer, G. S. (2000). Comparison of physiological responses to open water kayaking and kayak ergometry. International journal of sports medicine, 21(3), 200-204. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2000-8877
Someren, K. V., & Palmer, G. S. (2003). Prediction of 200-m sprint kayaking performance. Canadian journal of applied physiology, 28(4), 505-517. https://doi.org/10.1139/h03-039
Someren, K.V., & Howatson, G. (2008). Prediction of flatwater kayaking performance. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 3(2), 207-18. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.2.207
Gomes, B. B., Mourão, L., Massart, A., Figueiredo, P., Vilas-Boas, J. P., Santos, A. M., & Fernandes, R. J. (2012). Gross efficiency and energy expenditure in kayak ergometer exercise. International journal of sports medicine, 33(8), 654-660. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1301907
Coelho, A. B., Nakamura, F. Y., Morgado, M. C., Alves, F., Di Baldassarre, A., Flatt, A., & Rama, L. (2021). Prediction of Simulated 1,000 m Kayak Ergometer Performance in Young Athletes. Frontiers in public health, 8, 526477. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.526477
López-Plaza, D., Alacid, F., Muyor, J. M., & López-Miñarro, P. Á. (2017). Sprint kayaking and canoeing performance prediction based on the relationship between maturity status, anthropometry and physical fitness in young elite paddlers. Journal of sports sciences, 35(11), 1083-1090. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1210817
López-Plaza, D., Alacid, F., Rubio, J.Á., López-Miñarro, P.Á., Muyor, J.M., & Manonelles, P. (2018). Morphological and physical fitness profile of young female sprint kayakers. J Strength Cond Res., 14. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002511
Alacid, F., & Carrasco, L. (2004). Distribución del esfuerzo en piragüismo sobre 1000 metros. III Congreso de la Asociación Española de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. https://doi.org/10.33262/cde.4
Moroz, E.A., Shantarovich, V.V., & Shkumatov L.M. (2016). Assessment of the role of anaerobic glycolysis in energy supply of the testing physical load of redgears on high qualification kaids at the initial stage of annual training. Applied Sports Science, (2 (4)), 74-80.
Kong Xianglin, Guo Pengcheng , Wang Weilong , Rusanova, O., & Diachenko, A. (2020). Planning special physical training for rowers in China: a randomized study. Journal of Physical Education and Sport , 20(4), Art 229, 1688 – 1694. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.04229
Kong Xianglin, Guo Pengcheng, Rusanova, O., & Diachenko, A. (2019). Reaction of the organism to repeated training loads, directed to improve the performance of the qualified rowers of China. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(Supplement issue 2), Art 66, 453-460. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.s2066
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).