Personality Dimensions Drive Achievement Levels of Cricket Players: A Study on the Five-Factor Model
Aim of study. Cricket is considered a mental game among elite level performers. Specific personality traits characterize elite-level endeavors and high-potential athletes. Previous studies on psychological characteristics of cricket players reported that more skilful cricketers deal more consistently and effectively with their emotions and pressure.
Therefore the objective of the present study was analysis of personality traits of cricket players at national, state, and district levels with the help of Five-Factor Model.
Materials and Methods. Sample size included 120 male subjects (60 batsmen and 60 pace bowlers) recruited from cricket academies/training facilities/competition venues in India. Big-Five Personality Inventory (BFI-44) was utilized to measure personality dimensions. Differences among personality variables at different competition levels of batsmen and pace bowlers were analyzed using One-way MANOVAs.
Results. National level pace bowlers scored high on openness (national vs. district, Mean Difference (MD) = 4.25, p < 0.05; national vs. state, MD = 2.75, p < 0.05) and agreeableness (national vs. district, MD = 4.70, p < 0.05; national vs. state, MD = 3.40, p < 0.05). Similarly, national level batsmen scored high on extraversion (national vs. district; MD = 4.350; p < 0.05), agreeableness (national vs. state; MD = 3.70; p < 0.05), and conscientiousness (national ns. district, MD = 3.25, p < 0.05; national vs. state, MD = 3.450, p < 0.05).
Conclusions. National level pace bowlers exhibited greater agreeableness and openness whereas similar level batsmen showed greater agreeableness, openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness as compared to lower levels of participation. Since the concept of “Form” demands multi-factorial approach in the game of cricket, other facets of personality such as focus, mental toughness, self-belief, optimism etc. should also be explored for effective talent identification and coaching in cricket.
Bojanić, Ž., Nedeljković, J., Šakan, D., Mitić, P. M., Milovanović, I., & Drid, P. (2019). Personality Traits and Self-Esteem in Combat and Team Sports. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02280
Weissensteiner, J., Abernethy, B., & Farrow, D. (2009). Towards the development of a conceptual model of expertise in cricket batting: A grounded theory approach. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21(3), 276-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200903018675
Ribeiro, H. V., Mukherjee, S., & Zeng, X. H. T. (2012). Anomalous diffusion and long-range correlations in the score evolution of the game of cricket. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 86(2). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.86.022102
Baumeister, R. F., & Showers, C. J. (1986). A review of paradoxical performance effects: Choking under pressure in sports and mental tests. European Journal of Social Psychology, 16(4), 361-383. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2420160405
Durand-Bush, N., & Salmela, J. H. (2002). The development and maintenance of expert athletic performance: Perceptions of world and olympic champions. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14(3), 154-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200290103473
Gould, D., Dieffenbach, K., & Moffett, A. (2002). Psychological characteristics and their development in Olympic champions. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14(3), 172-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200290103482
Orlick, T., & Partington, J. (2016). Mental Links to Excellence. The Sport Psychologist, 2(2), 105-130. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2.2.105
Allen, M. S., Greenlees, I. & Jones, M. (2011). An investigation of the five-factor model of personality and coping behaviour in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(8), 841-850. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.565064
Allen, M. S., & Laborde, S. (2014). The Role of Personality in Sport and Physical Activity. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(6), 460-465. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414550705
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research, 2(510).
Mosalaei, H., Nikbakhsh, R., & Tojari, F. (2014). The relationship between personality traits and organizational citizenship behavior on athletes. Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci., 3(1).
Sternberg, R. J. (2019). The cambridge handbook of intelligence. In The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108770422
Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2011). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. In Foundations of sport and exercise psychology 2nd ed (Vol. 2010).
George, J. M., & Zhou, J. (2001). When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: An interactional approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3), 513-524. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.513
Baker, J., Deakin, J., Horton, S., & Pearce, G. W. (2007). Maintenance of skilled performance with age: A descriptive examination of professional golfers. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 15(3), 300-317. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.15.3.300
Schorer, J., & Baker, J. (2009). An exploratory study of aging and perceptual-motor expertise in handball goalkeepers. Experimental Aging Research, 35(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730802544641
Tok, S. (2011). The Big Five personality traits and risky sport participation. Social Behavior and Personality, 39(8), 1105-1111. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.8.1105
Petersen, C. J., Pyne, D. B., Dawson, B. T., Kellett, A. D., & Portus, M. R. (2011). Comparison of training and game demands of national level cricketers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1306-1311. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d82cfd
Petersen, C. J., Pyne, D., Dawson, B., Portus, M., & Kellett, A. (2010). Movement patterns in cricket vary by both position and game format. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(1), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903348665
Vickery, W., Duffield, R., Crowther, R., Beakley, D., Blanch, P., & Dascombe, B. J. (2018). Comparison of the physical and technical demands of cricket players during training and match-play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(3), 821-829. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001528
Stricker, J., Buecker, S., Schneider, M., & Preckel, F. (2019). Multidimensional Perfectionism and the Big Five Personality Traits: A Meta-analysis. European Journal of Personality, 33(2), 176-196. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2186
Trninić, V., Trninić, M., & Penezić, Z. (2016). Personality differences between the players regarding the type of sports and age. Acta Kinesiologica, 10(2).
Hill, A. P., Hall, H. K., & Appleton, P. R. (2010). A comparative examination of the correlates of self-oriented perfectionism and conscientious achievement striving in male cricket academy players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11(2), 162-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.11.001
Waleriańczyk, W., & Stolarski, M. (2021). Personality and sport performance: The role of perfectionism, Big Five traits, and anticipated performance in predicting the results of distance running competitions. Personality and Individual Differences, 169, 109993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.109993
Nia, M. E., & Ali Besharat, M. (2010). Comparison of athletes’ personality characteristics in individual and team sports. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 808-812. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.189
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).