Assessment of Myoelectric Manifestations of Muscle Fatigue During Repetitive Isometric Voluntary Contraction in Boys Aged 12-14

Keywords: motor-unit, rate coding, conduction velocity

Abstract

Aim: To study the peculiarity of electromyography signal characteristics alternation using different sEMG parameters during repetitive voluntary isometric fatiguing contraction in adolescent boys. 

Materials and methods. 12 subjects with height 148.75 ± 10 cm; Mass 38.9 ± 7.9 kg; age – 12 to 14 years were recruited. The sEMG signal alteration of external oblique, rectus abdominis, erector spinae muscles during a fatiguing plank were analyzed. A separate one-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to test the statistical significance of task time and electromyography parameters of the global core muscle in the pre-, during- and post-fatigue plank test. One-way Friedman ANOVA was applied for Shapiro-Wilk p < 0.05. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient with bivariate linear regressions analysis was performed between the pre-pre fatigue and post-post fatigue amplitude mean and standard deviation values. The Spearman correlation coefficient between amplitude and endurance time both in the pre- and post-fatigue state was conducted. 

Results. The mean value of rectified amplitude increased (p < 0.05) for all muscles, the standard deviation of amplitude and total spectral power increased significantly (p < 0.05) for all muscles except the erector spinae muscle (p > 0.05). The power at normalized low frequency significantly changed (p = 0.05) in the erector spinae muscle. A significant change in normalized low frequency for agonist/synergist (p = 0.02) and agonist/antagonist muscles (p = 0.05) was observed. The average amplitude value had a significant positive and linear relationship with the amplitude variability both in the pre- to post-fatigue state, except the erector spinae muscle. The time to task failure was not correlated (p > 0.05) with the sEMG amplitude. 

Conclusions. Increased sEMG amplitude resulted mainly from rapid additional motor unit recruitment and rate coding during muscle fatigue. The reduction of conduction velocity might affect the spectral power with a spectral shift towards low-frequency. Increased variability, agonist/antagonist co-activity during fatiguing contraction might extend the holding time. The postural fatiguing task/plank increases multiarticular joint function by involving several joints and muscles, increases variability in the contribution of synergist muscles. This factor provides an intuitive explanation about the absence of a relationship between endurance time and sEMG amplitude changes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Abir Samanta, Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education

Department of Exercise Physiolog,
Shaktinagar, Mela Road, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, Pin Code-474002, India
abirphyyoga137@gmail.com

Sabyasachi Mukherjee, Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education

Vice Chancellor (Officiating),
Shaktinagar, Mela Road, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, Pin Code-474002, India
mukherjee.mukherjee37@gmail.com

References

Campanini, I., Disselhorst-Klug, C., Rymer, W.Z., & Merletti, R. (2020). Surface EMG in Clinical Assessment and Neurorehabilitation: Barriers Limiting Its Use. Frontiers in Neurology, 11, 934. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00934

Felici, F. & Del Vecchio, A. (2020). Surface Electromyography: What Limits Its Use in Exercise and Sport Physiology? Frontiers in Neurology, 11, 578504. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.578504

Ivashchenko, O.V., Cieślicka, M., Nosko, M.O., & Malyshev, D. A. (2019). Motor Abilities: Peculiarities of Strength Effort Assessment in Boys Aged 11-13. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(1), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.1.05

Ivashchenko, O., Kapkan, O., Khudolii, O. & Yermakova, T. (2017). Informative indicators of 14-15 years’ age boys’ motor fitness. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(2), 86-97. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.2.1193

Moalla, W., Merzouk, A., Costes, F., Tabka, Z., & Ahmaidi, S. (2006). Muscle oxygenation and EMG activity during isometric exercise in children. Journal of sports sciences, 24(11), 1195-1201. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500457893

Khudolii, О.М., Ivashchenko, О.V., Iermakov, S.S., Veremeenko, V.Yu., & Lopatiev, A.O. (2019). Motor Abilities: Identification of Development Level in Boys Aged 12-14. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(3), 139-147. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.05

Cardozo, A. C., Gonçalves, M., & Dolan, P. (2011). Back extensor muscle fatigue at submaximal workloads assessed using frequency banding of the electromyographic signal. Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), 26(10), 971-976. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.06.001

Gentil, P., Oliveira, E., de Araújo Rocha Júnior, V., do Carmo, J., & Bottaro, M. (2007). Effects of exercise order on upper-body muscle activation and exercise performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1082-1086. https://doi.org/10.1519/r-21216.1

Lindstrom, B., Stefan, K. J., & Lexell, J. (2006). Isokinetic torque and surface electromyography during fatiguing muscle contractions in young and older men and women. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 14(3), 225-234. https://doi.org/10.3233/IES-2006-0228

Gerdle, B., Karlsson, S., Crenshaw, A. G., Elert, J., & Fridén, J. (2000). The influences of muscle fibers proportions and areas upon EMG during maximal dynamic knee extensions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 81(1-2), 2-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00013792

Grosset, J. F., Mora, I., Lambertz, D., & Pérot, C. (2008). Voluntary activation of the triceps surae in prepubertal children. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of The International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, 18(3), 455-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2006.11.002

Kellis, E., & Unnithan, V. B. (1999). Co-activation of vastus lateralis and biceps femoris muscles in pubertal children and adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 79(6), 504-511. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004210050545

Boyer, C., Tremblay, M., Saunders, T. J., McFarlane, A., Borghese, M., Lloyd, M., & Longmuir, P. (2013). Feasibility, Validity, and Reliability of the Plank Isometric Hold as a Field-Based Assessment of Torso Muscular Endurance for Children 8-12 Years of Age. Pediatric Exercise Science, 25(3), 407-422. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.25.3.407

Patikas, D. A., Williams, C. A., & Ratel, S. (2018). Exercise-induced fatigue in young people: advances and future perspectives. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 118(5), 899-910. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-3823-1

De Blaiser, C., De Ridder, R., Willems, T., Danneels, L., Vanden Bossche, L., Palmans, T., & Roosen, P. (2018). Evaluating abdominal core muscle fatigue: Assessment of the validity and reliability of the prone bridging test. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28(2), 391-399. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12919

Duchêne, J., & Goubel F. (1990). EMG spectral shift as an indicator of fatigability in an heterogeneous muscle group. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, 61(1-2), 81-87. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00236698

Silva, F. H. O., Arantes, F. J., Gregorio, F. C., Santos, F. R. A., Fidale, T. M., Bérzin, F., Bigaton, D. R., & Lizardo, F. B. (2020). Comparison of the Electromyographic Activity of the Trunk and Rectus Femoris Muscles During Traditional Crunch and Exercise Using the 5-Minute Shaper Device. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(1),1-10. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003250

Merletti, R., De Luca, C. J., & Sathyan, D. (1994). Electrically evoked myoelectric signals in back muscles: effect of side dominance. Journal of applied physiology, 77(5), 2104-2114. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1994.77.5.2104

Adam, A., De Luca, C. J., & Erim, Z. (1998). Hand dominance and motor unit firing behavior. Journal of neurophysiology, 80(3), 1373-1382. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.1998.80.3.1373

Jacobs, C., Uhl, T. L., Seeley, M., Sterling, W., & Goodrich, L. (2005). Strength and fatigability of the dominant and nondominant hip abductors. Journal of athletic training, 40(3), 203-206.

Cortell-Tormo, J. M., García-Jaén, M., Chulvi-Medrano, I., Hernández-Sánchez, S., Lucas-Cuevas, Á. G., & Tortosa-Martínez, J. (2017). Influence of Scapular Position on the Core Musculature Activation in the Prone Plank Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(8), 2255-2262. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001689

Schoenfeld, B. J., Contreras, B., Tiryaki-Sonmez, G., Willardson, J. M., & Fontana, F. (2014). An electromyographic comparison of a modified version of the plank with a long lever and posterior tilt versus the traditional plank exercise. Sports Biomechanics, 13(3), 296-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2014.942355

Bohannon, R. W., Steffl, M., Glenney, S. S., Green, M., Cashwell, L., Prajerova, K., & Bunn, J. (2018). The prone bridge test: Performance, validity, and reliability among older and younger adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 22(2), 385-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.07.005

Héroux, M. E., Butler, A. A., Gandevia, S. C., Taylor, J. L., & Butler, J. E. (2016). Time course of human motoneuron recovery after sustained low-level voluntary activity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115(2), 803-812. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00950.2015

Criswell, E. (2011). Cram’s introduction to surface electromyography (2nd Ed.). Jones and Bartlett Publishers-LLC. 342-349 p.

Besomi, M., Hodges, P. W., Clancy, E. A., Van Dieën, J., Hug, F., Lowery, M., et al. (2020). Consensus for experimental design in electromyography (CEDE) project: Amplitude normalization matrix. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, 53, 102438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2020.102438

Halaki, M., & Ginn, K. (2012). “Normalization of EMG signals: to normalize or not to normalize and what to normalize to,” in Computational Intelligence in Electromyography Analysis-A Perspective on Current Applications and Future Challenges, ed. G. R. Naik. IntechOpen. 175-194. https://doi.org/10.5772/49957

Falla, D., & Farina, D. (2007). Periodic increases in force during sustained contraction reduce fatigue and facilitate spatial redistribution of trapezius muscle activity. Experimental Brain Research, 182(1), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-007-0974-4

Verma, J. P. (2016). Repeated Measures Design for Empirical Researchers. (1st Ed.). John Wiley and sons. 46 p.

Mathur, S., Eng, J. J., & MacIntyre, D. L. (2005). Reliability of surface EMG during sustained contractions of the quadriceps. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, 15(1), 102-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2004.06.003

Shrawan, K., & Anil, M. (Eds.). (1996). Electromyography in Ergonomics (2nd ed.). Taylor & Francis.
https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203758670

Maluf, K. S., & Enoka, R. M. (2005). Task failure during fatiguing contractions performed by humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99(2), 389-396. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00207.2005

Yao, W., Fuglevand, R. J., & Enoka, R. M. (2000). Motor-unit synchronization increases EMG amplitude and decreases force steadiness of simulated contractions. Journal of Neurophysiology, 83(1), 441-452. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.2000.83.1.441

Hagberg M. (1981). Muscular endurance and surface electromyogram in isometric and dynamic exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology, 51(l), l-7. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1981.51.1.1

Linssen, W. H., Stegeman, D. F., Joosten, E. M., Binkhorst, R. A., Merks, M. J., ter Laak, H. J., & Notermans, S. L. (1991). Fatigue in type I fiber predominance: a muscle force and surface EMG study on the relative role of type I and type II muscle fibers. Muscle Nerve, 14(9), 829-837. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.880140906

Duchateau, J., & Baudry, S. (2014). The neural control of coactivation during fatiguing contractions revisited. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, 24(6), 780-788. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.08.006

Farina, D., Arendt-Nielsen, L., Merletti, R., & Graven-Nielsen, T. (2004). Effect of experimental muscle pain on motor unit firing rate and conduction velocity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 91(3), 1250-1259. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00620.2003

Kapkan, O.O., Khudolii, O.M., & Bartík, P. (2019). Motor Skills Development: Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 14. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(3), 148-155. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.06

Stein, R. B., Gossen, E. R., & Jones, K. E. (2005). Neuronal variability: noise or part of the signal? Nature reviews Neuroscience, 6(5), 389-397. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn1668

Boyas, S., Maïsetti, O., & Guével, A. (2009). Changes in sEMG parameters among trunk and thigh muscles during a fatiguing bilateral isometric multi-joint task in trained and untrained subjects. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology: Official Journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology, 19(2), 259-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2007.09.002

Nicholson, W. R. (2000). The Importance of Normalization in the Interpretation of Surface Electromyography: A Proof of Principle. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 23(5), 369-370.
Published
2021-03-25
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Samanta, A., & Mukherjee, S. (2021). Assessment of Myoelectric Manifestations of Muscle Fatigue During Repetitive Isometric Voluntary Contraction in Boys Aged 12-14. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(1), 50-60. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.1.07
Section
Articles