Influence of Body Composition Parameters on Anaerobic Strength of Lower Extremities in Female Football Players

Keywords: Wingate Anaerobic Test, lower extremity anaerobic strength, body composition, training plan and program

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of body composition on the anaerobic strength of the lower extremities, as well as the prediction of body composition on the results of anaerobic ability in professional football players.

Materials and Method. The sample of respondents consists of female football players who compete in the highest rank of the competition, the Serbian Super League. The total number of respondents included in the study was 21 female football players (age 19.38 ± 3.69, body height 166.48 ± 6.17 cm, body weight 59.98 ± 7.09 kg). The study is of a transversal nature and testing was done in the pre-competition period. The sample of measuring instruments used in the research are body composition and assessment of anaerobic strength of the lower extremities. Assessment of body composition was performed indoors using a multifrequency bioelectric impedance (Inbody 770). Variables for estimating the anaerobic strength of the lower extremities were obtained using a bicycle ergometer (Monark 839E) in the Wingate Anaerobic Test.

Results. The results of body composition show a statistically significant influence on the prediction of maximum anaerobic strength of the lower extremities in professional female football players (p < 0.05), as well as on the overall work in the anaerobic zone and the mean values ​​of anaerobic strength. Regression analysis of the influence of body composition on the parameters of maximum strength in (W/kg) and fatigue rate does not show statistically significant results.

Conclusion. There is a statistically significant influence of body composition, such as: body weight, lean body mass (%), muscle mass in absolute and relative values, on the values ​​of maximum anaerobic strength, mean values ​​of anaerobic strength and overall work in professional female footballers.

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Author Biographies

Ana Lilić, University of Nis

Faculty of Sports and Physical Education,
Čarnojevićeva St, 10А, 18000 Niš, Serbia
analilic93@gmail.com

Marko Joksimovic, Montenegro Football Club National

nicifor007@outlook.com

Stefania D'Angelo, Parthenope University of Naples

Department of Motor Sciences and Wellness,
Via Medina, 40, Naples, Italy
stefania.dangelo@uniparthenope.it

Siniša Karišik, University of East Sarajevo

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,
Vuka Karadzica St, 30, Lukavica, East Sarajevo, 71126, Bosnia and Herzegovina
sinisa.karisik@yahoo.com

Shamal Hamad, Soran University

Erbil, Iran
hamzashamal@gmail.com

Novica Gardašević, Primary school Dobrislav Đ. Perunović

Nikšić, 81400, Montenegro
nowica@t-com.me

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Published
2020-12-25
Cited
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How to Cite
Lilić, A., Joksimovic, M., D’Angelo, S., Karišik, S., Hamad, S., & Gardašević, N. (2020). Influence of Body Composition Parameters on Anaerobic Strength of Lower Extremities in Female Football Players. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(4), 256-261. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2020.4.09
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