Effectiveness of Motor Skills Development in 5th-7th Grade Girls at Different Modes of Physical Exercises
The objective is to determine the influence of the physical exercises modes on effectiveness of motor skills development in 5th-7th grade girls.
Materials and methods. The study involved 5th grade girls (n = 28), 6th grade girls (n = 28) and 7th grade girls (n = 24). To solve the tasks set, the study relied on general scientific and special research methods, methods of mathematical experiment-planning.
Studying the influence of different variants of the educational process structure, namely: the number of repetitions (x1) and the rest intervals (x2) on acquisition of the technique of physical exercises performance, provided for achieving the objective. A full 22 type factorial experiment was conducted. The 5th-7th graders were divided into training groups according to the experiment plan. In total, there were twelve experimental groups organized, four in each class.
Results. The analysis of the regression equations shows that the rest interval between repetitions (x2) has the greatest influence on teaching 5th-7th grade girls physical exercises, with the number of repetitions (x1) being of somewhat less significant influence. The relation between these factors (x1x2) has a considerable weight in teaching to “rope climb in two or three sets” and to do a “pullover mount with a swing of one and a push-off with the other leg”.
Conclusions. To increase the effectiveness of teaching 5th-7th grade girls physical exercises, the number of repetitions in throwing exercises should be increased to twelve times, and the rest interval reduced to 60 seconds. In the 7th grade, the number of repetitions should be reduced to six times, and the rest interval – to 60 seconds. The rest intervals in the exercises: “pullover mount with a swing of one and a push-off with the other leg” and “rope climbing in two or three sets”, should be reduced to 60 seconds and the number of repetitions – to six.
Chedzoy, S. (2000). Students’ Perceived Competence to Teach Physical Education to Children Aged 7 to 11 Years in England. European Journal of Physical Education, 5(1), 104–127. https://doi.org/10.1080/174089800050107
Chernenko, S.O. (2015). Effectieness of junior form pupils’ training of gymnastic exercises in different modes of their fulfillment. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 19(8), 65–74. doi:10.15561/18189172.2015.0809
Cieślicka, M., & Ivashchenko, O. (2017). Features of formation of the cumulative effect of power loads in boys 7 years old. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(1),198–208. doi:10.5281/zenodo.250599
Drid, P., Vujkov, S., Jaksic, D., Trivic, T., Marinkovic, D., & Bala, G. (2013). Differences in Motor and Cognitive Abilities of Children Depending on Their Body Mass Index and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue. Collegium Antropologicum, 37(2), 171-177.
Hadžić, R., Bjelica, D., Vujović, D., & Popović, S. (2015). Effects of high-low aerobic program on transformation of motor skills at high school students. Sport Science, 8(1), 79-84.
Iadreev, V., Cherkashin, I., Vujkov, S., & Drid, P. (2015). Differences in anthropometric, motoric and cognitive abilities between athletically trained and untrained girls. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 7(1), 73-77. DOI: 10.1515/bhk-2015-0012
Ivashchenko, O.V. (2016). Modelling of physical education students: Monograph. Kharkiv: OVS (in Ukrainian)
Ivashchenko, O.V. (2017). Classification of 11-13 yrs girls’ motor fitness, considering level of physical exercises’ mastering. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems Of Physical Training And Sports, 21(2), 65-70. doi:10.15561/18189172.2017.0203
Ivashchenko, O.V. (2017). Special aspects of motor fitness influence on level of 11-13 years’ age girls’ physical exercises’ mastering. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 21(1): 11-17. doi:10.15561/18189172.2017.0102
Ivashchenko, O.V., & Kapkan, O.O. (2016). Informative pedagogic control indicators of 14-15 years age girls’ motor fitness. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 20(6),18–25. doi:10.15561/18189172.2016.0603
Ivashchenko, O.V., Iermakov, S.S., Khudolii, O.M., Cretu, Marian, & Potop, Vladimir (2017). Level of physical exercises’ mastering in structure of 11-13 yrs age boys’ motor fitness. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems Of Physical Training And Sports, 21(5), 236-243. doi:10.15561/18189172.2017.0506
Kaivo, Thomson, Anthony, Watt, & Jarmo, Liukkonen (2015). Cognitive style and teaching style influences on the motor skill performance of 11 and 12 year old physical education students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 15(3), Art 77, pp.509 - 517. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2015.03077
Kapkan, О.О. (2013). Modeling of process of educating to physical exercises of youths 14—15. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ [Theory and Methods of the Physical Education], 0(2), 48-52. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.2.1019 (in Ukrainian)
Khudolii, O.M., Ivashchenko, O.V., & Chernenko, S.O. (2015). Simulation of junior shcoolchildren’s training to acrobatic exercises and vaults. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 19(7):64–71. doi:10.15561/18189172.2015.0709
Khudolii, О.М., & Chernenko, S.O. (2013). Features of forming of motive skills for the schoolchildren of junior classes. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ [Theory and Methods of the Physical Education], 0(3), 13-21. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.3.1021 (in Ukrainian)
Khudolii, O.M., & Ivashchenko, O.V. (2013). Conceptual going near the modelign of process of educating and developing motive flairs for children and teenagers. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ [Theory and Methods of the Physical Education], 0(2), 3-16. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2013.2.1012 (in Ukrainian)
Khudolii, O.M., & Ivashchenko, O.V. (2014). Modeling learning and development of motor skills in children and adolescents. Kharkiv: OVS (in Ukrainian)
Khudolii, O.M., Ivashchenko, O.V., Iermakov, S.S., & Rumba, O.G. (2016). Computer simulation of junior gymnasts’ training process. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 8 (3), 215–228.
Krutsevych, T., & Trachuk, S. (2017). Normatyvni osnovy suchasnoi systemy fizychnoho vykhovannia riznykh hrup naselennia Ukrainy. Sportyvnyi visnyk Prydniprovia, (1), 184-188 (in Ukrainian)
Krutsevych, T., Napadii, A., Imas, T., & Trachuk, S. (2016). Dynamika adaptatsiino-rezervnykh mozhlyvostei shkoliariv vikom 13-14 rokiv protiahom navchalnoho roku. Sportyvnyi visnyk Prydniprovia, (1), 182-186 (in Ukrainian)
Krutsevych, T.Yu. (2006). Osnovni napriamky vdoskonalennia prohram fizychnoho vykhovannia shkoliariv. Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, (4), 21 (in Ukrainian)
Lopatiev, A., Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Pjanylo, Y., Chernenko, S., & Yermakova, T. (2017). Systemic approach and mathematical modeling in physical education and sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 17 (1), 146–155.
Lopes, V. P., Stodden, D. F., & Rodrigues, L. P. (2017). Effectiveness of physical education to promote motor competence in primary school children. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 22(6), 589–602. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2017.1341474
Marchenko, S.I. (2008). Characteristics of the impact of gaming on the dynamics of endurance development among pupils of junior school age. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ [Theory and Methods of the Physical Education], 0(10), 38-49. Retrieved from https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/465 (in Ukrainian)
Marchenko, S.I. (2009). Modeling of speed development for pupils of 2-4 classes by means of mobile games. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ [Theory and Methods of the Physical Education], 0(10), 10-14. Retrieved from https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/567 (in Ukrainian)
Maria Cuellar-Moreno (2016). Effects of the command and mixed styles on student learning in primary education. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 16(4), Art 186, pp. 1159-1168. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2016.04186
Raiola Gaetano, Altavilla Gaetano, Tafuri Domenico, & Lipoma Mario (2016). Analysis of learning a basketball shot. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 16(1), Art 1, pp. 3 - 7. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2016.01001
Vlasov, A., Demichkovskyi, A., Ivashchenko, O., Lopatiev, A., Pitin, M., Pjanylo, Y., & Khudolii, O. (2016). Sistemnij pidkhid i matematichne modeliuvannia biologichnikh ta prirodnikh ob’iektiv i procesiv [Systemic approach and mathematical modeling of biological and natural objects and processes]. Fiziko-matematichne modeliuvannia ta informacijni tekhnologii, (23),17–28. (in Ukrainian)
WMA Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).