Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ https://tmfv.com.ua/journal <p><img src="/public/site/images/tmfv/21(4)-min-engl-02.png"><br>Scientific-methodological journal.&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> en-US <div id="copyrightNotice">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ol> </div> tmfv@tmfv.com.ua (Oleg Khudolii) olga@tmfv.com.ua (Olga Ivashchenko) Sat, 25 Dec 2021 12:46:24 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Discriminant Model For Skill Oriented Prediction of Female Cricketers Depending Upon Selected Performance Parameters https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1531 <p><strong>Research Purpose</strong><strong>. </strong>The study aimed to develop a discriminant model for cricketers on the basis of physiological &amp; anthropometric variables.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods.&nbsp;</strong>The study included sixty female seniors BCCI board players representing five different states with mean age 23.4 ± 2.03, mean height 152.1 ± 3.44, and mean weight 52.4 ± 4.21. A multivariate technique was used to predict the cricket performance by classifying the players into batsmen and pace bowlers on the basis of selected physiological &amp; anthropometrical variables.</p> <p><strong>Results.&nbsp;</strong>All the assumptions were positively full-filled (Shapiro-Wilk test p &gt; 0.05 and F = 8.121, p = 0.264 for Box’sM test) for applying discriminant analysis to develop the model. A total of eleven performance variables were initially selected for the study and after applying the stepwise statistical technique of discriminant analysis, the model selected certain variables, namely Muscle Mass (1.311), Fat (-0.182) &amp; Shoulder Diameter (0.292) and showed its effectiveness as the Eigenvalue for the fit model was 0.848.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.&nbsp;</strong>A&nbsp;discriminant function F1&nbsp;= -29.531 + (1.311 × Muscle Mass) + (-0.182 × Fat) + (0.292 × Shoulder Diameter<em>) </em>was developed. The percentage of total variation explained by the model was 71.9%. A total of 93.2% of the observations were correctly classified using the proposed discriminant model.</p> Sapna Mandoli, Deepak Sharma, Hem Chandra Joshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1531 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Effect of Virtual Media-Based Obstacle Run Training on Woman Futsal Player’s Dribbling Ability During Covid-19 Pandemic https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1547 <p class="HRPUB-Abstract"><strong><span lang="UK">The study purpose. </span></strong><span lang="EN-US">This study aimed to observe the effect of virtual media-based obstacle run training on dribbling ability of women futsal players in the</span> <span lang="EN-US">Women’s Futsal Student Activity Unit (UKM) during the Covid-19 pandemic by examining the effect of the treatment. </span></p> <p class="HRPUB-Abstract"><strong><span lang="UK">Materials and methods.</span></strong><span lang="EN-US"> The research used a pre-experiment method using a quantitative descriptive approach with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. A total of 30 students who participated in the Women's Futsal UKM at the&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">University of Suryakancana became the research population. These female futsal athletes are campus team amateur athletes below the professional level of the Indonesian Futsal League.</span></p> <p class="HRPUB-Abstract"><strong><span lang="UK">Results.</span></strong><span lang="EN-US"> Based on research data, the average value before the obstacle run training treatment was 10.840 seconds and after the treatment was 9.600 seconds, which means that there was time, or in other words, the woman futsal player’s dribbling ability increased. The result of the test showed that</span> <span lang="EN-US">the value of the interval training results before and after being given was 0.859.</span></p> <p class="HRPUB-Abstract"><strong><span lang="UK">Conclusions.</span></strong><span lang="EN-US"> It is suggested that further research explore the use of different kinds of media in improving the dribbling skills of futsal athletes during the Covid-19 pandemic.</span></p> Muhamad Syamsul Taufik, Soleh Solahuddin, Reza Resah Pratama, Tatang Iskandar, Azi Faiz Ridlo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1547 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Relationship of Selected Anthropometric and Linear Kinematical Variables with the Performance of Toe-Touch Skill in Kabaddi https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1566 <p><strong>The purpose of this study</strong> was to find out the relationship of selected anthropometric and linear kinematical variables with the performance of toe-touch skill among male kabaddi players (raiders).<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods.</strong> One hundred male raiders were selected for this study. The age of the subjects ranged between 18 to 25 years. Selected anthropometric variables: foot length, upper leg length, lower leg length, thigh girth and calf girth were measured by standardized equipment. Selected linear kinematical variables were measured by digital software ‘Kinovea version-0.9.3’. The toe-touch skill performed by raiders was assessed by three experts rating. The inter-rater reliability of the scores awarded by the experts to the subjects was tested by Cohen’s Kappa test and Kappa coefficient was found significant.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Spearman’s rank correlation revealed that there was significant correlation in case of thigh girth (rs = 0.230, p = 0.022), distance (rs = 0.245, p = 0.014) and center of gravity (rs = -0.270, p = 0.007) variables, and there was not significant correlation in case of upper leg length (rs = 0.048, p = 0.634), lower leg length (rs = -0.90, p = 0.373), calf girth (rs = 0.093, p = 0.355), foot length (rs = -0.17, p = 0.863) and time (rs = -0.006, p = 0.952) variables with the performance of toe-touch skill in kabaddi.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> The study concludes that thigh girth and distance positively and center of gravity negatively contributes to the performance of toe-touch skill in male kabaddi players.</p> Jasvir Ram, Joseph Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1566 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Level of Understanding of Pedagogical Competence of Physical Education, Health and Recreation Students of Sports Science Faculty https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1561 <p><strong>The study purpose</strong><strong>.</strong> This study aims to determine the level of understanding of the pedagogical competence ofPhysical Education, Health and Recreation students of the Faculty of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University, batch 2016.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>This research method is a survey with a quantitative descriptive approach. The population is 180 physical education students, the sample selection is 52 physical education students using incidental sampling technique. The research instrument is a valid and reliable questionnaire. The data analysis technique is the analysis presented using the percentage.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results obtained show that the level of understanding of the pedagogic competence of Physical Education, Health and Recreation students of the Faculty of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University, class 2016 was “very low” 3.85% (2 students), “low” 67.31% (35 students), “medium” 19.23% (10 students), “high” 9.62% (5 students) and “very high” 0% (0 students).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the level of understanding of the pedagogic competence of Physical Education students is in the low category.</p> Tri Ani Hastuti, Herka Maya Jatmika, Kukuh Wahyudin Pratama, Dewangga Yudhistira ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1561 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Modeling of Appropriate Norms of Physical Readiness of Pre-Conscription Youth for Service in the Army https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1562 <p><strong>Research purpose:</strong> is a substantiation and modeling of appropriate norms of physical readiness of youth for service in the army.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods. </strong>The expert group included 21 specialists (whose field of activity is physical education, special training, physical training in the security and defense forces). The following research methods were used to solve the problem posed in the work: theoretical analysis, comparison, systematization and generalization of materials of scientific, historical, methodical literature and guiding documents; expert evaluation (Delphi and analysis of Saati hierarchies); methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>It is determined that even simple statistical methods in combination with expert information when choosing promising solutions often give better results than accurate calculations with a focus on averages. A&nbsp;comprehensive approach using peer review (Delphi), a method of modern theory of hierarchical systems Saati allowed to determine the structure of the projected model of physical fitness of young people for military service. The structural interconnected components of the predicted model with the corresponding weighting factors are the level of formation and development of general and special physical qualities (ρ<sub>1</sub> = 0.411), the level of formation and development of special physical qualities (ρ<sub>2</sub> = 0.235), the level of acquisition of military applied motor skills (ρ<sub>3</sub>&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.216), the state of the cardiovascular system (ρ<sub>4</sub> = 0.138).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The presented structural predictable model of integrated assessment of physical readiness of youth for service in the army allows to define limits of levels of components and to estimate their level of formation in points from 1 to 12, and also to correct the maintenance of means of physical training depending on such components which lag behind a proper norm.</p> Tatiana Krutsevich, Natalia Panhelova, Sergii Trachuk, Viktor Kuibida, Roman Pidleteychuk, Boris Panhelov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1562 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Physical Activity Model to Develop Basic Movement Skills in Kindergarten Students Based on Physical Literacy https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1565 <p>The lack of physical activity that is applied in Kindergarten (PAUD) has a bad impact on the future of children. It was revealed that the designed curriculum was more dominant in the development of academic achievement.</p> <p><strong>The study purpose was</strong> to develop basic movement skills in kindergarten students based on physical literacy<strong>.</strong></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>The method used in this study was research and development methods using quantitative and qualitative settings. With a population of all kindergarten teachers in Cilacap Regency which amounted to 1,387 teachers from 350 kindergartens, the sample used was 52 teachers who were taken by proportional sampling. The data analysis technique used in his study was descriptive quantitative data analysis techniques with percentages.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The research findings show that each item of the statement of physical activity variables in developing students' basic movements can be seen from the average value of 4.205 which is in the very good category scale range. The statement that has the smallest average value in statement number 2 is “Do students have enough physical activity at school?” and has a value of 3.827 with a good category. While the highest average in statement number 1 is “Are Kindergarten students' physical activities held at school?” with an average value of 4.423 very good category.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Therefore, it can be concluded that "kindergarten students' physical activities held in schools" give a very good impression and are beneficial for kindergarten (PAUD) children for their growth and development.</p> Aris Fajar Pambudi, Sugiyanto Sugiyanto, Furqon Hidayatullah, Sapta Kunta Purnama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1565 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Effect of Psycho-Yogic Training Intervention on Selected Psychological Variables of Female Police Recruits https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1585 <p><strong>The</strong> <strong>purpose</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>this</strong> <strong>study</strong> was to find the effects of an eight-week psycho-yogic training intervention on theselected psychological parameters of female police recruits.</p> <p><strong>Materials</strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>methods.&nbsp;</strong>Initially, the study involved 200 FPR. Out of the 200 participants, 100 participants werescreened using the lie score of the revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Participants were then further divided intotwo groups (i.e., experimental and control) using the stratified random sampling method based on the lie score. Thepsychological variables selected for the study were aggression (physical aggression, verbal aggression, hostility, andanger), emotional intelligence (self-awareness, managing emotions, self-motivation, empathy, and social skill), anxiety, perceived stress, satisfaction with life, and self-esteem. Tests were conducted pre-training and post-training after eightweeks.</p> <p><strong>Results.&nbsp;</strong>The Friedman’s two-way analysis of variance revealed significant difference in verbal aggression (p = 0.016), hostility (p = 0.017), managing emotions (p = 0.004), self-motivation (p = 0.004), empathy (p = 0.017), social skill (p= 0.015), anxiety (p = &lt;0.001), perceived stress (p = &lt;0.001), satisfaction with life (p = 0.022), and self-esteem (p = &lt;0.001). Further post-hoc analysis test – Kruskal Wallis revealed that the experimental group improved significantly from pre- to post-test in managing emotions (p = 0.005, d = 0.61, Δ% = 9), self-motivation (p = 0.027, d = 0.57, Δ% = 8.8), social skill (p = 0.002, d= 0.59, Δ% = 10.2), satisfaction with life (p = 0.036, d = 0.5, Δ% = 11.7), and self-esteem (p = &lt;0.001, d = 0.94, Δ% = 17.6). In addition, the experimental group had reduced anxiety (p = &lt;0.001, d = 1.27, Δ% = 59.3) and perceived stress (p = &lt;0.001, d = 1.32, Δ% = 41.7) from pre- to post-testing. On the other hand, the control group showed significant deterioration in physical aggression (p = 0.018, d = 0.58, Δ% = 19.9), verbal aggression (p = 0.017, d = 0.57, Δ% = 17), andhostility (p = 0.013, d = 0.54, Δ% = 17.8).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.&nbsp;</strong>The study findings suggest psycho-yogic training of eight weeks duration to be an effective strategyor method to improve the psychological parameters of female police recruits.</p> Tanvi Singh, Gaurav Singh Kushwah, Gaurav Singh, Rohit Kumar Thapa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1585 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Analysis of the External and Internal Load in 5vs5 Large Sided Games: Differences Between Different Sized Fields https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1583 <p><strong>The study purpose. </strong>The purpose of the study is to analyze and understand the internal and external load in Large Sided Games (LSG) exercises carried out on fields of different sizes, defined as Small – Large Sided Games (SLSG) and Big – Large Sided Games (BLSG), according to the different square meters assigned to each player.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>22 professional soccer players (average age: 23.59 ± 4.87 years, weight: 77.8 ± 7.6 kg, height: 183.5 ± 7.5 cm, age training: 13.1 ± 1.7). The LSG exercises were carried out on a 60 x 54 m field (270 m<sup>2</sup>/player), defined as "small" (SLSG) and on a 65 x 60 m field (325 m<sup>2</sup>/player) defined as "big" (BLSG). During the two LSG exercises, the internal load and the external load were analyzed. LSG exercises were performed with 4 sets of 5 minutes each, with 2 minutes of passive recovery between each set.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The results of the internal load analysis show how the LSG carried out on a SLSG field provides higher and more significant HR values (p &lt; 0.0005) than those emerged during the exercise carried out on a BLSG field. The RPE value is also higher during the SLSG, although statistically no significant difference appears. The analysis of the external load in relation with the observed parameters shows higher values in the BLSG, except for the number of accelerations.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>In terms of external and internal load, the results of this study showed how the difference of 55 m<sup>2</sup>/player can radically change the configuration of the two exercises. These differences allow to use both dimensions within a micro-cycle, but in sessions with different goals. The most appropriate sessions for LSGs are the first post-match session in which the rest day is not gone and the fourth session 3 days before the match.</p> Giacomo Cofano, Francesca D’Elia, Andrea Piccinno, Italo Sannicandro ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1583 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Awareness and Use of Current Sports Injury Prevention Programs among Physiotherapists Worldwide https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1577 <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> Physiotherapists are trained to prevent, assess, and rehabilitate all kinds of injuries including sports injury. The goal of the physical therapist should be making sure that the athlete is in optimal shape to perform, with a minimal risk for developing an injury. This study aims to assess the physiotherapists’ awareness, implementation, and views of sports injury prevention programs (IPPs) from an international perspective.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> A self-administered questionnaire was developed and distributed to physiotherapists worldwide through World Physiotherapy member organizations. The study targeted physiotherapists at an international level. The study included 484 participants, of whom 44.4% were male and 55.6% were female physiotherapists.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>A total of 287 (59.3%) of the participants were aware of the current sports IPPs, 177 (36.6%) were implementing sports IPPs in their current practice. Participants who implemented the sports IPPs reported a positive opinion about the program efficacy, with a score of 7.3 ± 2.11 out of 10.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Globally, physiotherapists have average awareness and low implementation levels of IPPs. Physiotherapists showed a positive score regarding the effectiveness of IPPS, especially the KIPP and the iSPRINT.</p> Wesam Saleh A. Al Attar; Saud Alarifi, Hussain Ghulam, Sameer Yamani, Eyad Alharbi, Majed Aljabri, Ross H. Sanders ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1577 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Comparative Analysis of Morphological Indicators of Street Workout Athletes with Different Training Experience https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1596 <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of the article is a comparative analysis of the morphological indicators of street workout (StW) athletes with different training experience (TE).<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>The study involved StW athletes (n = 27). Athletes were divided into two groups: StW-1 (n = 13, age 15.15 ± 0.44 years, TE 1.56 ± 0.22 years); StW-2 (n = 14, age 16.57 ± 0.48 years, TE 2.64 ± 0.53 years). The body length and body mass were measured; the level and harmony of physical development were evaluated. The regression method was used. The handgrip was evaluated by hand dynamometry indicators Camry EH101 electronic dynamometer (China). The handgrip was measured by the maximum grip frequency in 10 s the electronic device "Kepai" (China). The content of muscle and adipose tissue were determined by the body composition monitor OMRON BF-511 (Japan).<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The average value of the strength index in the StW-1 was more than 60%, and in the StW-2 was more than 70%. The StW-2 had a significant excess of the hand dynamometry, power index, impulse index of both hands; index of static and dynamic grip of the left hand; specific weight of muscles. The average level of physical development was observed in (61.54&nbsp;±&nbsp;13.49)%, above the average was observed in (23.08&nbsp;±&nbsp;11.69)% of StW-1. Harmonious physical development had (38.46&nbsp;±&nbsp;13.49)%. In StW-2, the average level of physical development had (64.29&nbsp;±&nbsp;12.81)%, above the average had (21.43&nbsp;±&nbsp;10.97)%. Harmonious physical development had (50.00&nbsp;±&nbsp;13.36)%. In StW-1 (46.15&nbsp;±&nbsp;13.83)% had a normal fat content and a fat level below normal. In StW-2, the normal fat content had (30.77&nbsp;± 12.80)%, and the low adipose tissue content was (69.23&nbsp;±&nbsp;12.80)%.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> All athletes had a high content of muscle tissue. It was confirmed the specific effect of StW on the body of athletes. Grip strength, specific weight of muscle component are predictors of success. The information content of the proposed indices for monitoring the functional state of athletes was confirmed.</p> Olha Podrihalo, Leonid Podrigalo, Sergii Iermakov, Zhanna Sotnikova-Meleshkina, Konstantin Sokol, Olexandr Podavalenko, Olexsandr Halashko, Tetiana Yermakova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1596 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Motor Skills Development: Peculiarities of Programmed Teaching of Acrobatic Exercises to Girls Aged 15 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1609 <p><strong>The </strong><strong>purpose of the study </strong>was to determine the peculiarities of programmed teaching of a cartwheel to girls aged 15.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods</strong><strong>.</strong> The study participants were 20 girls aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, factor analysis, nearest neighbor analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The analysis of <em>similarities</em>&nbsp;revealed that the program components are interrelated. Series of training tasks ІV, V and VI have the highest correlation. Series of training tasks І, ІІІ and IV are combined into one group and provide conditions for teaching girls aged 15 the cartwheel.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>The study obtained factor models of the teaching program, which explain 70.645% and 68.468% of the variation of results. The models characterize the two-factor structure of the teaching program where training tasks are closely connected with one another, which indicates their effective selection. It was found that the tasks of series I, II and III, and the tasks of series III, IV and V are most connected with one another, which confirms the combined nature of the method of algorithmic instructions. Optimization of the number of repetitions of the entire exercise (series of tasks VI) depends on the amount of exercises of the second and fifth series of training tasks.</p> Alina Shueva, Olha Ivashchenko, Wladyslaw Jagiello ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1609 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Differences of Motor Proficiency in Preschool Girls Related to Organized Physical Activity https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1601 <p><strong>This study purpose</strong> was to determine the level of motor competence and differences in motor skills of preschool girls aged 5 to 7 from Serbia according to participation in organized physical activities.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Ninety-one girls aged 5-7 years (mean<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>± 6.4) were divided into three subsamples: control group, rhythmic gymnastics and sports school. Girls were assessed with the MABC-2 test. Descriptive statistics analyzed the basic characteristics of participants according to the level of motor competence. Furthermore, Pearson’s χ2 test for contingency tables, MANOVA and discriminant analysis were employed to find differences in motor proficiency among groups.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Significant differences have been found in girls attending rhythmic gymnastics in aiming &amp; catching on the upper bound of moderate effect size (p &lt; 0.001, η<sup>2</sup> = 139), and total test score moderate effect size (p = 0.006, η<sup>2</sup> = 0.105) compared to girls who did not participate in organized physical activity. The discrimination coefficient explained the differences in girls in aiming and catching, with a contribution of 41.4%, balance skills with 24%, and a total test score of 22.9%. According to the level of motor competence, 61% from the control group and 40% from the sports school group scored below average in aiming &amp; catching. The total test score of ≥ 50 percentile was achieved by 68.3% of girls in the control group, 84% in the sports school group, and 96% in rhythmic gymnastics.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> This study confirms that sports practice contributes to the development of motor capabilities and influences individual differences in children’s scores. Our findings can contribute to understanding how important it is to promote object control skills games for girls and older preschoolers generally.</p> Ivana Djordjevic, Hana Valkova, Emilija Petkovic ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1601 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Evolution of Explosive Strength Data in Youth Volleyball Players Before and After Pandemic https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1602 <p><strong>Study purpose.</strong> This study aims to verify if there are significant differences and which type of correlation is between anthropometric and jumping ability variables by testing a group (elite) of Italian volleyball players (under 16), just after a month of training, applying a specific protocol.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> In all subjects, the following anthropometric and jumping ability parameters were assessed: height, weight, body mass index, height with a stretched arm (Reach1) and height with two extended arms (Reach2). The jumping ability was measured with the Squat jump (SJ) and Run-Up (RU) test. All data on anthropometric and jumping ability parameters were presented as mean and standard deviation (Mean ± SD).</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results of the jumping ability parameters (Squat Jump and Run-Up) showed significant differences between treatment initial-final: Run-Up with p = 0.000 and Squat Jump with p = 0.001; and these showed a higher correlation, especially the variables linked to the ability to jump, evident differences compared to the initial period of treatment.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> In high-level youth volleyball, the anthropometric and jumping ability profile is directly linked to the evaluation and continuous monitoring of physical qualities, and jumping ability becomes an important aspect for the control of performance.</p> Francesca D’Elia, Tiziana D’Isanto, Gaetano Altavilla, Gaetano Raiola ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1602 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Didactics: Peculiarities of Motor Skills Development in Boys Aged 14-15 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1614 <p><strong>The </strong><strong>purpose</strong><strong> of the study </strong>was to determine the peculiarities of motor skills development in boys aged 14-15.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong><strong>.</strong> The study participants were boys aged 14 (n=20) and 15 (n=20). The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, discriminant analysis, nearest neighbor analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The study made an assumption about a significant influence of the modes of alternating exercise repetitions and the rest interval on the effectiveness of motor skills development in boys aged 14 and 15. The standardized canonical discriminant function coefficients helped to determine age peculiarities and the peculiarities of influence of exercise modes on the effectiveness of motor skills development. They showed that the components of motor fitness are a priority in developing motor skills. The structure canonical discriminant function coefficients indicate the importance of movement control skills for mastering the entire exercise.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Discriminant analysis revealed the peculiarities of motor skills development in boys aged 14 and 15, depending on age and exercise modes. With the first exercise mode, boys aged 15 master the first, second, and fourth series of training tasks more quickly. Boys aged 14 – the sixth series (exercise mode: 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s). With the second exercise mode, boys aged 14 master the first and fourth series of training tasks more quickly. Boys aged 15 – the second series (exercise mode: 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s).</p> <p>The coordinates of centroids for four groups indicate a significant difference in the influence of exercise repetition modes on the number of repetitions required for motor skills development in boys aged 14-15 during physical education classes. The results of group classification show that 87.5% of the original grouped cases were classified correctly.</p> Oleg Khudolii, Pavol Bartík, Dmytro Ivanov, Andrii Bezzub ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1614 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Formation of National Teams Taking into Account the Factors of Football Players’ Club Migration https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1611 <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> To determine the parameters of club migration of highly skilled <em>legionary footballer</em>s when forming national teams for participation in official international competitions.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>Population: 496 highly skilled football players ‒ participants of the 2022 World Cup group stage qualifiers.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The winning national teams with high UEFA coefficients have a smaller percentage of legionnaires than the group of winning teams with lower UEFA coefficients: 45.05% (coefficient 3.8) and 85.94% (coefficient 14.8), respectively. The indicators of dual citizenship have no significant impact on the formation of national teams, although the national teams of Wales, Turkey, and Scotland showed rather high values ‒ 9 (32.14%), 7 (28.00%), and 5 (20.00 %) of football players, respectively. <em>Legionary footballer</em>s from the top six European leagues (England, Spain, Italy, Germany, France, Portugal) account for 87.50% of the total number of legionnaires who participated in the 2022 World Cup group stage qualifiers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Migration processes have an impact on the development of football at various levels of functioning: children and youth, reserve, student, amateur, semi-professional, and professional. Club migration, which is typical of highly skilled <em>legionary footballer</em>s, has an indirect impact on the formation of national teams.</p> Eduard Sobol, Andrii Svatyev, Igor Doroshenko, Svitlana Kokareva, Nataliya Korzh, Eduard Doroshenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1611 Sat, 25 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0200