Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ https://tmfv.com.ua/journal <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> LLC "OVS" en-US Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 1993-7989 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ol> Informative Indicators of Functional and Motor Fitness of Students of Higher Education Institutions https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1273 <p><strong>The study objective</strong> was to determine informative indicators of functional and motor fitness of 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved male students of 1<sup>st</sup> year (n = 67), 2<sup>nd</sup> year (n = 66), 3<sup>rd</sup> year (n = 62), 4<sup>th</sup> year (n = 45), 5<sup>th</sup> year (n = 56). The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; index method and medical-biological methods. Pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of functional state of the body and motor abilities of 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students of higher education institutions; factor analysis was used for data processing.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> By the Ruffier index, the 1<sup>st</sup>-2<sup>nd</sup> year students have an average heart performance. The 3<sup>rd</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students have a satisfactory heart performance. By the results of the Stange and Genci tests, the 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students are evaluated as healthy and fit. According to the Romberg test, the 1<sup>st</sup> and 5<sup>th</sup> year students show higher results than the 2<sup>nd</sup>, 3<sup>rd</sup> and 4<sup>th</sup> year students (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001; <em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001; <em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.006, respectively). The 3<sup>rd</sup> year students have the lowest results. The test results are estimated as lower than normal.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The analysis of motor and functional fitness of the 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students showed that the first factor in their structure is the functional state of the respiratory system, the second factor is speed strength and strength fitness. The most informative tests are: 1<sup>st</sup> year – the Stange test (0.822) and Genci test (0.741); 2<sup>nd</sup> year – the Genci test (0.758), the Rufier index has the lowest informativity (0.11); 3<sup>rd</sup> year – “Standing long jump” (0.741) and the Genci test (0.723); 4<sup>th</sup> year – the Stange test (0.927) and Genci test (0.810); 5<sup>th</sup> year – the Stange test (0.799).</p> S. Chernenko O. Honcharenko S. Marchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 107 115 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.01 Innovative Intestification of Testing of Strength Endurance in Physical Education of Students With Chronic Diseases https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1274 <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to substantiate and implement modern information-communication technologies (ICT) means for improving the testing of strength endurance of hands and upper body of students with chronic diseases in physical education.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> To solve the research tasks used the methods of comparing and contrasting are used and analysis, synthesis, abstraction, formalization and technical modelling.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The result of a scientific search aimed at integrating ICT into test control of strength endurance of students with chronic diseases is a device of capacitive sensor testing. The designed capacitive touch tester is based on a combination of modern nanotechnology and microprocessor systems, including smart phone’s, tablets, etc. It is a constructive solution for electronic measuring systems of spatial position of objects based on capacitive sensor devices.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The effectiveness of using the designed device in testing students’ of strength endurance of hands and upper body is achieved through the ease of use and compactness of the device, student-friendly testing procedure and the efficiency and reliability of control.</p> V. M. Koryahin O. S. Blavt S. V. Ponomaryov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 116 122 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.02 Description of Motor and Functional Fitness of 4th-5th Grade Boys of a Rural Underfilled School https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1275 <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to determine the dynamics of motor and functional fitness of 4th-5th grade boys of a rural underfilled school during the school year.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were boys of 4<sup>th</sup> grade (n = 9) and 5t<sup>h</sup> grade (n&nbsp;=&nbsp;5). During parent-teacher meetings, the children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> On average, the 4<sup>th</sup> grade boys’ results are 10.8 times better in push-ups (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05); 5.3 times better in pull-ups (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05); 15.3 s better in bent-arm hang (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05). By the results of other motor tests, the differences between average values are statistically non-significant (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>The general level of the pupils’ functional and motor fitness is sufficient. There are statistically significant differences between the 4<sup>th</sup> and 5<sup>th</sup> grade boys in push-ups, pull-ups, bent-arm hang, Stange test, Serkin test (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05). By the results of other tests, the differences between average values are statistically non-significant (<em>p</em> &gt; 0.05).</p> A. O. Tolstoi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 123 129 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.03 Pattern Recognition: Description of Modes of Teaching Boys Aged 7 Throwing a Small Ball at a Vertical Target https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1276 <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to determine the possibility of using pattern recognition methods to study the impact of physical exercises modes on teaching primary school children throwing a small ball at a vertical target.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were boys aged 7 years (n=48). The paper relied on analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, general scientific methods of theoretical level, such as analogy, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction, as well as general scientific methods of empirical level: observation, testing, experiment.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 “throwing a ball at a vertical target” is positively influenced by 6-12 sets, 3 repetitions per set, rest interval of 60-180 seconds. The focus in choosing a teaching mode is on the number of repetitions per set.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A full factorial experiment method makes it possible to mathematically describe the process in some local area of the factorial space and to verify the regression model. Regression equations provide an opportunity to select the modes of performing for each exercise being studied. Discriminant analysis has made it possible to determine the modes of physical exercises in the process of motor skills development; to answer the question as to how significantly the modes of training differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development; what motor tasks most substantially influence the differentiation of classes; what class the object belongs to based on the values of discriminant variables. To select the most rational mode of performing exercises in the process of motor skills development in boys aged 7, the first and second discriminant functions can be used, with a focus on the most informative variables.</p> O. V. Ivashchenko M. O. Nosko Yu. M. Nosko S. O. Chernenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 130 138 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.04 Motor Abilities: Identification of Development Level in Boys Aged 12-14 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1277 <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine the possibility of identifying the state of strength abilities development in boys aged 12-14, using the methodology of multidimensional statistics.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved boys: 12 (n =35), 13 (n = 36), 14 (n = 36) years old. The study used the following methods: analysis and collation of scientific and methodological literature, general scientific methods of theoretical level, such as analogy, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction, as well as general scientific methods of empirical level: observation, testing, experiment. The testing program included well-known tests.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> In identifying the state of motor abilities development in boys aged 12-14, the most important results were obtained in tests: 10 “Squats Test (two legs), quantity of times” (0.519), 9 “Trunk Lift Test, quantity of times” (0.497), 21 “Flamingo Balance Test - single leg balance test” (-0.496), 1 “Pull-Up / Chin Up Test (low crossbar), quantity of times” (0.428), 19 “Hand Tapping Test, sec.” (-0.427), 20 “Seated Forward Bend, cm” (-0.412), 5 “The subject lies in prone position, arms bent at the elbow 90 degrees - hold position in seconds” (0.408). These tests characterize the comprehensive development of motor abilities in boys aged 12-14.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>In identifying the state of motor abilities development in boys aged 13-14, the most important results were obtained in tests: 8 “Decline Reverse Crunch on Bench, quantity of times” (-0.989), 11 “Single Leg Squat (SLS) Test - right leg, quantity of times” (0.965), 1 “Pull-Up / Chin Up Test (low crossbar), quantity of times” (0.676), №13 “Single Leg Squat (Pistol) - right leg” (0.682), 17 “Eurofit Sit Up Test (for 30 sec.), quantity of times” (0.454). These tests characterize the development level of<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>relative and static leg strength, strength endurance of abdominal muscles, and dynamic strength of shoulder muscles.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A discriminant analysis made it possible to determine informative indicators for comprehensive control of motor abilities development in boys aged 12-14; to answer the question as to how significantly the states of motor abilities development in boys aged 12, 13 and 14 differ; what motor tests most substantially influence the differentiation of classes; what class the object belongs to based on the values of discriminant variables.</p> <p>To identify the level of motor abilities development in boys aged 12-14 years, it is necessary to focus on the indicators of relative strength and strength endurance; in boys aged 13 and 14 years&nbsp;–&nbsp;on the indicators of strength endurance of abdominal muscles and endurance of leg muscles.</p> O. M. Khudolii O. V. Ivashchenko S. S. Iermakov V. Yu. Veremeenko A. O. Lopatiev ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 139 147 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.05 Motor Skills Development: Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 14 https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1278 <p><strong>The study objective </strong>is to substantiate the modes of alternation of physical exercises and rest intervals in the process of teaching series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 14 years.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong>. The participants in the study were 40 boys aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The results of the analysis of variance and regression models show that the optimal mode of performing series of training tasks is within the range of 6-12 exercise repetitions with rest intervals of 60-120 seconds. In the proposed matrix of factorial design, the selected step of factor variation is sufficient to study the impact of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching children and adolescents.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>A 2<sup>2 </sup>type experiment made it possible to examine the multifactorial structure of the process of teaching boys aged 14, using the program of algorithmic instructions, to specify the optimal balance between factors for their use when teaching physical exercises during physical education classes.</p> <p>The best options for teaching series of tasks to boys aged 14 during physical education classes are: series 1 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 2 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 3 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 4 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series&nbsp;5 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 6 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s.</p> O. Kapkan O. M. Khudolii P. Bartik ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 19 3 148 155 10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.06