Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2021-06-26T11:37:57+03:00 Oleg Khudolii Open Journal Systems <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal.&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> The Configuration of Educational Factors in the Family in Terms of their Impact on the Formation of Interest in Sports in Middle School Children 2021-06-26T11:37:57+03:00 Tatiana Krutsevich Oksana Marchenko Sergii Trachuk Natalia Panhelova Andrij Napadij Vasyl Dovgal <p><strong>Research purpose:</strong> The aim of the study was to examine the features of the educational concept of the family in mutual understanding with middle school children with different levels of physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods.</strong> 212 students aged 11-12 years, including 104 students (48 girls and 56 boys) who are not involved in sports and 108 students who go in for sports (36 girls and 72 boys). The following research methods were used to solve the problems set in the work: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature data; content analysis; method of comparison; sociological methods of research (questionnaire “My family”); methods of mathematical statistics.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results of the testing of boys and girls revealed the following 8 factors of upbringing in the family: severity; fostering independence; mother or father domination; attitude to school and teachers; cruelty; relationships in the family; mutual assistance; community of interests. The rating of the factors of upbringing that affect the level of understanding in the family of girls aged 11-12 years, determines that in those who do not go in for sports “rigor and demanding attitude in upbringing” is in the first place, and in the second - “common interests”, while for girls who go in for sports “mutual assistance in the family” is in the first place and in the second “rigor and demanding attitude in upbringing”. The results of the definition of mutual understanding in the family show that the “successful” level was mostly determined by 57.14% of boys aged 11-12 who go in for sports, and the lowest percentage is noted for boys aged 11-12 years old who do not go in for sports (22.22%). Boys and girls who do not play sports are characterized by a “less prosperous” level of mutual understanding in the family (61.11 and 66.67%, respectively).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The socialization of students in the micro and macro environment through the formation of values in the field of physical culture and sports is ensured by the following factors: rigor, fostering initiative, attitude towards school, rigidity in upbringing, family relationships, mutual assistance in the interests of the community.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Research of Training Loads of Basketball Players 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Victor Koryahin Oksana Blavt Volodymyr Prystynskyi Volodymyr Stadnyk <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to identify physiological indicators for the systematization of basketball players’ special exercises and limit values of physiological indicators with sufficient “distinctive power” in each of the allocated training load ranges.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study used empirical methods of measuring heart rate during competitions, pulmonary ventilation values, О<sub>2</sub> consumption during physical work, О<sub>2</sub>-debt, “excess” CО<sub>2</sub> emissions and individual pulse rates, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Relationships between the level of physical activity and physiological shifts in the body of basketball players have been established. It is revealed that indicators of pulmonary ventilation can be used to control the training effect of aerobic exercise. Exercises of anaerobic glycolytic orientation have been shown to have the most pronounced effect on the body of basketball players. There are certain mean and limit values for different physiological parameters, characteristic of different ranges of training loads.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It is established that in assessing the urgent training effect of special exercises of basketball players, different physiological indicators have different “distinguishing power”. Based on the results of the study, it is proposed to systematize the special exercises of basketball players according to the ranges of training loads by the nature of their training effect.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender Differences in Absolute and Relative Values of Hand Dynamometer Test with 9 and 10-Year Old Children From the Skopje Region in R.N. Macedonia 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Abdulla Elezi Gresa Elezi Seryozha Gontarev Georgi Georgiev <p><strong>Background. </strong>Handgrip strength test is applied both to adults and children to indicate muscular fitness as well as the nutritional and health status. It differs in adults and adolescents depending on the gender. However, it is not clear whether a difference exists also in children at 9 to 10 years of age, and what are the factors that influence it. The goal of the research was to determine the absolute and relative values of the hand dynamometer test with healthy Macedonian boys and girls aged 9 and 10 from the Skopje region as well as to determine the factors that affect the handgrip strength at that age.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The research was conducted on a sample of 775 children (boys n = 386; girls n = 389), whereby the following characteristics were measured: handgrip strength, weight, height, body fat percentage, muscle mass percentage and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The maximum handgrip strength was measured with a digital Takei TKK 5101 dynamometer.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The research found that there are statistically significant differences in the absolute values obtained in the hand dynamometer test between healthy boys and girls in Macedonia at 9 and 10 years of age. On the basis of the results obtained from the research, one can conclude that the results of the hand dynamometer test are affected by age, gender and body composition.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Based on the increasing predominance of children’s obesity, the present study can provide clinicians and researchers with an insight how body composition influences muscular fitness, and can serve policy-makers to develop gender-specific strategies about body-weight management and promotion of muscular performance among children and adolescents.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Methodological and Methodical Support for the Organization of an Inclusive Educational and Training Process for Athletes with Disabilities in Karate 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Iryna Kohut Viktoriia Marynych Kateryna Chebanova <p><strong>The purpose of the study:</strong> to determine the key principles of methodological and systematic support for the organization of an inclusive educational and training process for athletes with disabilities in karate.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The experts in the field of physical culture and sports participated in the study, namely: honored coach of Ukraine, honored worker of physical culture and sports of Ukraine, chairman of the Sports Committee for People with Disabilities of the Ukrainian Karate Federation, athletes with disabilities who have the status of world champions and Deaflympics champions, etc. All experts had sports (professional) experience from 5 to 20 years. To achieve the purpose of the study, the following methods were used: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, the method of expert evaluation, questionnaire surveys. Statistical analysis was performed using the methods of mathematical statistics. Expert evaluation was performed by the ranking method. The degree of agreement of the experts was determined using the Kendall’s coefficient of concordance.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> In the course of the study, the methodological and systematic aspects of the organization of the inclusive educational and training process for athletes with disabilities in karate were determined. One of the main features in the organization of karate training sessions among people with disabilities is their nosological group. The further selection of means and methods of educational and training work depends on the nosological group. During inclusive training sessions, the greatest attention is paid to correctional and compensatory (14.6%), recreational and health (13.6%), and preventive (13.4%) work. At the same time, no less important is the solution of such a problem as the socialization of people with disabilities through sports, as a system of relationships in society.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Properly selected methodological and systematic support affects the effectiveness of the organization of the inclusive educational and training process. This support has its own characteristics, which, firstly, depend on the nosological group, secondly, are characterized by the correct choice of means, methods, principles and functions implemented during classes, and thirdly, are aimed at the socialization of people with disabilities.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dynamics of Body Type Indicators of Adult Women Under the Influence of Aqua Fitness 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Karyna Pirohova Оlha Мyкytchyk Sergiy Afanasiev Olena Omelchenko Tetiana Sydorchuk Iryna Stepanova Olena Kosheleva <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to determine the effectiveness of a differentiated approach to aqua fitness classes with women of the first period of adulthood.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> 30 adult women, whose average age was 30.57 years, took part in the study. The study was conducted during 2019-2020. Anthropometric measurements included body length, body weight, chest, shoulder, calf, thigh, waist, buttocks and wrist circumferences. To determine the overweight we calculated the body mass index. Measurements were taken at the end of each mesocycle of wellness training. Statistical analysis covered determination of mean, standard deviation, reliability of the differences (Wilcoxon signed-rank test).</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The effectiveness of a differentiated approach to aqua fitness classes was proven by improvement of women’s body type. By the end of the study, there were no women with obesity class II and underweight. The number of women with obesity class I decreased by 3.33%. The number of women with normal body weight increased by 13.37%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The implementation of a differentiated approach to aqua fitness classes with adult women has significantly corrected their body proportions. This allows recommending a differentiated approach according to a body type to implement into aqua fitness classes.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Implementation of the OSTRC Handball Injury Prevention Exercises in Professional Handball 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Wesam Saleh A. Al Attar Nawaf Al Masoudi Ali Al Zubeadi Ahmed Qasem <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center (OSTRC) handball injury prevention exercise is an evidence-based injury prevention exercise designed to prevent handball injury. This study aimed to assess the implementation of the OSTRC handball injury prevention exercises among professional handball players in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> A web-based survey to acquire information regarding the implementation of OSTRC handball injury prevention exercises was distributed to 267 professional handball players in six GCC countries.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results</strong>. A total of 250 handball players from the GCC countries responded to the survey (response rate 93.6%). The mean (±SD (Standard Deviation)) of the total implementation score was 13 (±2.558), with no statistically significant difference between the GCC countries, with a P-value of 0.123. The highest mean score was shown from Bahrain at 13.60 (±2.614), while the lowest was from Qatar at 12.10 (±2.427).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A low implementation level of the OSTRC handball prevention exercises among the handball players in the GCC countries was reported in the current study.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Management of Training Process of Team Sports Athletes During the Competition Period on the Basis of Programming (Football-Based) 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Natalia Shchepotina Viktor Kostiukevych Inna Asauliuk Vadym Stasiuk Tetiana Vozniuk Svitlana Dmytrenko Vadym Adamchuk <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to experimentally substantiate the effectiveness of organization of structural arrangements of the training process in skilled football players within the limits of the competition period on the basis of programming.</p> <p><strong>Material and methodology.</strong> 18 skilled football players of “Burevisnyk” student team took part in the research. The average age of participants was 19.8 ± 5.8 years and the qualification was category 1. The programme of the competition period of the skilled football players consisted of four blocks: the first one included the types and ratios of the training work, the second one included quantitative indexes of training sessions (non-specific, specific, comprehensive) and games (educational, control, official), and the third one included the ratio of means (general preparatory exercises, special preparatory exercises, developing exercises, competitive exercises) and training loads (aerobic, mixed aerobic and anaerobic, anaerobic alactic, anaerobic glycolytic loads), and the fourth one included preparedness criteria.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>We have redistributed training loads of various orientation by taking into account the specifics of competitive loads in skilled football players. Thus, shares of loads of the aerobic and anaerobic glycolytic orientation at the formative stage of the experiment were increased by 53.6 and 3.0 %, respectively, and the loads of the mixed and anaerobic alactic orientation were decreased by 40.0 and 3.4 %, respectively. Positive dynamics of indexes of physical (1.2-2.2 %) and functional (5.4-6.7 %) preparedness and competitive activity (3.6-23.8 %) of skilled football players at the formative phase of the experiment in comparison to the ascertaining phase was evident.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Theoretical and methodical aspects of programming of the training process may be conditioned upon the hierarchical structure, in which smaller programmatic structural arrangements are subordinate to the larger ones; the objectives with respect to the training programmes at every phase of the training macrocycle; general and special principles of athlete training; algorithmicity, i.e. step-by-step planning and correction of managerial influences; proper selection of training means and use of training loads with different focuses in the process of training cycles; use of informational criteria for control at every phase of the training process.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of Aquafitness Training on Physical Condition of Early Adulthood Women 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Vitalii Kashuba Olena Andrieieva Anna Hakman Igor Grygus Olga Smoleńska Małgorzata Ostrowska Marek Napierała Magdalena Hagner-Derengowska Radosław Muszkieta Walery Zukow <p><strong>Background.</strong> The physical benefits of fitness for middle-aged women are well-known. Unlike the usual training sessions, aquafitness occupies a special place among the types of health-related exercise training. Its health-enhancing effect results from the activation of the body's functional systems, the gravitational unloading of the musculoskeletal system, high energy expenditures, and overall body hardening effect.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>The objective of this study</strong> was to evaluate the health-enhancing effects of an aquafitness program on the functional indicators and physical fitness of early adulthood women.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, anthropometric techniques, pedagogical methods, and methods of mathematical statistics were used. The functional status of the body was assessed with the indices characterizing the function of the cardiorespiratory system, which are commonly used. The study was conducted at the Sport Life fitness club, Chernivtsi. The study involved 48 women aged 21-31 with an average age of 26.3 years. The subjects took part in a six-month aquafitness program consisting of 60-min sessions, three times a week. The program was developed by the authors and included aquatic stretching, body shaping and bodybuilding exercise, aquadance, aquatic gymnastics, and aqua tae-bo.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> After participation in the exercise program: vital capacity increased from 45.96±4.69 to 48.88±0.68; strength index increased from 35.80±1.07 to 43.26±0.71; Robinson's index increased from 85.72±12.34 to 89.63±10.11; Shtange test increased from 30.28±10.32 to 37.78±12.34; Hench test changed from 16.48±4.24 to 25.19±4.58; Kerdo index decreased from 5.23±0.74 to 0.88±0.38; and Rufier's test decreased from 12.21±4.26 to 8.03±2.14. The assessment of somatic health of the women showed a significant improvement (p&lt;0.05). Positive changes in the autonomic system were detected.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> The developed aquafitness program can be an effective tool for health improvement and body weight management in early adulthood women.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Differentiation of Physical Loads in Female Students of Different Motor Ages 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Eduard Doroshenko Antonina Hurieieva Anastasiia Symonik Olena Chernenko Andrii Chernenko Dmytro Serdyuk Andrii Svatiev Kateryna Tsarenko <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>To develop and evaluate the impact of a program of sectional recreational aerobics classes, taking into account the differentiation of physical loads in female students of different motor ages.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods.</strong> Participants: In the ascertaining experiment, 145 second-year female students were examined, in the formative experiment – 42 female students.</p> <p>The following indicators were measured: biological age (years) using V.&nbsp;P.&nbsp;Voitenko’s method (1991), motor age (years) and the general level of physical conditions (points), heart rate (bpm), heart rate recovery time after 20 squats in 30&nbsp;s (min, s), the level of physical health (points), physical activity index (c. u.), the level of general physical working capacity (PWC<sub>170</sub>, kgm ∙ min<sup>-1</sup>); VO<sub>2</sub> max (ml ∙ kg ∙ min<sup>-1</sup>) – maximal oxygen consumption. The level of motor qualities development: 2,000 m run (min, s), 4×9 m shuttle run (s), standing long jump (cm), sit-ups in 1 min (times), push-ups (times), seated forward bend (cm).</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The study developed and tested an experimental program of recreational aerobics classes, taking into account a differentiated approach to dosing physical loads in female students of different motor ages. Data factorization revealed a rational combination of means for developing motor qualities: strength endurance – 15.88%, dynamic strength – 12.86%, speed and strength endurance – 8.72%, static endurance – 17.87%, flexibility – 12.69%, speed abilities – 14.66%, and coordination abilities – 17.32%. The study found a moderate negative correlation between motor age and the level of physical health (r = -0.68 at p &lt; 0.01). Three levels of motor age with respect to the levels of physical health were identified.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Taking into account female students’ motor age during recreational aerobics classes ensures optimal motor activity and increases the level of physical fitness.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Physical Education and Leisure Time Activities Among Pupils With and Without Hearing Loss 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Aneta Změlíková Petra Kurková <p><strong>The objective of this study</strong> was to analyse differences among Czech pupils’ with/without hearing loss related to feelings and opinions on physical education classes; sport preferences in physical education classes; and leisure time activities at the lower secondary schools for the deaf.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Participants were 83 pupils with hearing loss (n&nbsp;=&nbsp;41; 49.4%) and pupils without hearing loss (n&nbsp;=&nbsp;42; 50.6%); an average age of them was 14.3&nbsp;±&nbsp;1.3 years. The non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test, Fisher exact test, Chi-square test were used for statistical analyses. For calculation of effect size coefficient abs(r) was used. All tests were performed at a level of 0.05.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Pupils without hearing loss are more likely to express disappointment due to cancellation of a physical education class than pupils without hearing loss (Z&nbsp;=&nbsp;–2.168; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.029). A statistically significant difference was found in preference for the various physical education activities and in leisure activities, where pupils without hearing loss prefer dancing (χ<sup>2</sup>&nbsp;=&nbsp;8.622; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.003), whereas pupils with hearing loss prefer volleyball (χ<sup>2</sup>&nbsp;=&nbsp;14.833; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.00001). In terms of leisure time activities, pupils with hearing loss spent their leisure time watching television significantly more often (χ<sup>2</sup>&nbsp;=&nbsp;5.198; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.023).<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Both groups do not differ in feelings and opinions on physical education in terms of popularity, difficulty, importance, effort during physical education. On the contrary, differences in feelings associated with the cancellation of physical education or preference of activities in physical activities in physical education and leisure time appeared.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of 10 Weeks Game Experience Learning (Gel) Based Training on Teamwork, Respect Attitude, Skill and Physical Ability in Young Football Players 2021-06-26T02:43:18+03:00 Sulistiyono Sulistiyono Andry Akhiruyanto Nawan Primasoni Fatkurahman Arjuna Nurhadi Santoso Dewangga Yudhistira <p><strong>This study aims</strong> to examine the effectiveness of the games experience learning-based training against teamwork, respect attitude, skills, and physical ability of young footballers.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>Participants consisted of young male football players who had participated in matches at the district, provincial and national levels. The number of participants involved amounted to 46 divided into control and intervention groups of 23 parties each. Footballers aged 10-12 years old have a height of 140.98 ± 7.23 cm, an average body weight of 34.33 ± 8.64 kg. Instruments in this study consist of instruments to measure teamwork and respect attitude in the form of expert validated observation rubrics, passing, and dribbling skill tests, 30-meter sprints, vertical jumps, and multistage fitness tests to measure physical ability of speed, leg power, and aerobic endurance.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Descriptive data showed mean values and standard deviations of control and intervention groups there were differences, the intervention group had a mean value and better deviation standards, while the hypothesis test using the Mann-Whitney test obtained a teamwork attitude score of 0.039 &lt;0.05; respect attitude of 0.009 &lt;0.05; passing skills of 0.039 &lt;0.05; dribbling skills of 0.000 &lt;0.05; speed ability of 0.004 &lt;0.05; leg power of 0.002 &lt;0.05; Endurance of 0.020 &lt;0.05. That from the significance value of the control and intervention group (p &lt; 0.05) it can be concluded that the variables of teamwork, respect attitude, passing, dribbling, speed, power, and endurance on the posttest value are not the same and the average value of all variables descriptively the intervention group has a higher average value.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> There is a significant influence statistical analysis on teamwork, respect attitude, skill techniques, and physical ability for young football players thus training with the game experience learning model can be one solution to improve the performance of youth football.</p> 2021-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##