Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2022-08-06T20:30:26+03:00 Oleg Khudolii Open Journal Systems <p><img src="/public/site/images/tmfv/obl-engl-min-21(4)-L1.png"><br>Scientific-methodological journal.&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> Effect of Physical Development Self-Assessment Indicators on Value Orientation Structure Formation in Senior School Age Students 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Ihor Bakiko Tetiana Krutsevich Sergii Trachuk <p><strong>Background.</strong> Physical education as a subject in general secondary education institutions aims not only to solve health and educational problems but also to form a value attitude to health, healthy lifestyle, fostering the interest in and the need for physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> The study aims to investigate the relationship between senior school age students’ value orientations and physical development self-assessment indicators to determine incentives to increase motivation for self-improvement by means of physical education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The research methods used to solve the tasks set in the paper were as follows: analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature; content analysis; comparison and juxtaposition method; Ye.&nbsp;Bochenkova’s test-questionnaire Self-description of physical development, M.&nbsp;Rokych’s technique for defining value orientations; methods of mathematical statistics.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>Based on examining correlations between the 11th grade students’ terminal values and physical development self-assessment, a tendency was found to shift the priority of youth values towards life values, values of professional realization, and values of interpersonal relationships. Based on the results of the study, we found that the formation of value orientations in boys and girls in high school can affect self-esteem, which in turn is a stimulus for self-improvement and, through an effective component of physical activity, increases the importance of “health” for senior school age boys. On the other hand, girls have no such pattern, and the value of “health” is declarative for them.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It has been determined that the formation of value orientations through an effective component of physical activity can affect the self-esteem of boys and girls, which in turn is an indicator of self-awareness and expresses the individual’s attitude to himself and is the basis for regulating their own behavior.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Movement Games on Physical Fitness of Children with Intellectual Disabilities 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Larysa Kuznetsova Sergii Trachuk Viacheslav Semenenko Olha Kholodova Liudmyla Podosinova Mariia Brychuk Oleg Varenyk Halyna Kedrych <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> The study was aimed at investigating the effect of the proposed technology using movement games on the physical and psychomotor fitness of young schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods.</strong> Fourty children from an orphan asylum in Smila, Cherkasy region (Ukraine) participated in the study. All children were divided into two groups: control and experimental; all of them had been diagnosed with moderate-grade oligophrenia and were 2<sup>nd</sup> and 3<sup>rd</sup> graders (age 9–12 years). The control group consisted of 22 pupils, including 11 boys and 11 girls. The experimental group consisted of 18 pupils, including 9 boys and 9 girls. The following research methods were used to solve the problems set in the paper: analysis and generalization of information from special scientific literature, pedagogical research methods, method of comparison and similitude, psychoemotional state and psychomotor development research methods, methods of mathematical statistics.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The study results set forth in the paper will allow stating the fact that lessons with the use of movement games have a positive effect on the physical and psychomotor fitness of young schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities, which ensures their social adaptation in the context of growth.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Increasing the time spent on playing games not only in classes but also in extracurricular activities had a positive effect that found expression in the improvement of the children’s health and psychoemotional condition, which is the main component of the behavior of a child with mental disabilities. It can be stated that, after using the proposed movement games, the indicators of the pupils’ psychomotor and mental condition, memory, perception of reality and attention improved in the positive dynamics of their physical fitness. It was found that the number of nervous breakdowns, depressive states and symptoms of stress decreased during the selected movement games.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparison of the Effect of High Impact Aerobic Dance Exercise Versus Zumba on Increasing Maximum Oxygen Volume in Adolescent Women 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Puspodari Puspodari Hari Setijono Oce Wiriawan Poppy Elisano Arfanda Slamet Raharjo Nur Ahmad Muharram Wasis Himawanto M. Akbar Husein Allsabah Susilaturochman Hendrawan Koestanto <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to compare high impact aerobic dance exercise versus Zumba to increase Maximum Oxygen Volume (VO<sub>2</sub>max) in adolescent women.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> This research is quasi-experimental with a two-group pretest-posttest design research design. A total of 30 adolescent women from the Student Activity Unit (UKM) aerobic gymnastics at Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, aged 18-24 years, body mass index (BMI) 18.5-24.9 kg/m<sup>2</sup>, normal blood pressure participated in the study. Respondents were randomly divided into two groups, namely ZADE (n = 15, Zumba aerobic dance exercise) and HADE (n = 15, High impact aerobic dance exercise). HADE and ZADE were conducted for 30 minutes/session, with an intensity of ≥ 85% HRmax, as often as 3 times/week, and both types of training were performed for 8 weeks. Measurements of VO<sub>2</sub>max, oxygen saturation (SpO<sub>2</sub>), and heart rate at rest (HRrest) were pre-test and 1×24 hours post-test after 8 weeks of training intervention. Statistical analysis used Paired Sample T-Test with a significance level of 5%.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Paired Sample T-Test results showed significant differences in average VO<sub>2</sub>max, SpO<sub>2</sub>, HRrest between pretest vs. posttest in both groups (p ≤ 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the study results, we have concluded that both HADE and ZADE increase VO<sub>2</sub>max, SpO<sub>2</sub>, and decrease HRrest. But HADE is more effective in increasing VO<sub>2</sub>max, SpO<sub>2</sub>, and lowering HRrest than ZADE in adolescent women.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Validity and Reliability of the Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ-A) among Indonesian Adolescents during Online and Blended Learning Schooling 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Atikah Rahayu Sumaryanti Sumaryanti Novita Intan Arovah <p><strong>Research objectives.</strong> This study aimed to validate the use of the Physical Activity Questionnaire Adolescent (PAQ-A), a physical activity instrument widely used in a school setting, among Indonesian adolescents, particularly during blended learning or online schooling due to COVID-19 restrictions. <span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> This study was a cross-sectional survey of 370 Indonesian adolescents (62.2% female, mean 15±2 years) participating in online and blended learning. Participants completed the Indonesian version of the PAQ-A online. Sixty-three (17%) participants completed the same questionnaire one week later (second survey) for the test-retest reliability, from which the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated. Internal consistency reliability was calculated in both surveys, while confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was analyzed from the data in the first survey.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The Cronbach alpha of the PAQ-A for the first and second surveys was 0.78 and 0.82, thus indicating the acceptability of internal consistency reliability. The ICC for all PAQ-A items ranged from 0.40 to 0.81, indicating fair to excellent test and retest reliability. The root means square error of approximation was 0.033 suggesting acceptable construct validity of the instrument.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> In conclusion, sufficient evidence shows the validity and reliability of the PAQ-A to justify the use of the questionnaires for measuring physical activity levels in the Indonesian adolescents in the blended learning or online schooling setting.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Confidence, Academic Stress, Coping Strategies as Predictors of Student Academic Achievement in Physical Education Classes During Covid-19 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Aria Kusuma Yuda Citra Resita Rhama Nurwansyah Ruslan Abdul Gani Zsolt Németh Edi Setiawan <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> In this COVID-19 pandemic era, the psychological aspect takes an important role in achieving optimal academic results among students, but the factors that correlate with academic achievement are not yet known accurately. Thus, this study aims to assess the relationship between self-confidence, academic stress, coping strategies and academic achievement.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> This study used a correlation method with subjects from among students in grades 7 to 9 at Ibtidaiyah Junior High School (N = 90). The instrument used in this study was a self-confidence, academic stress and coping strategy questionnaire, while the average score for the final semester examination was used as an indicator that showed progress of student academic achievement. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS to find out descriptive statistics, data normality. Meanwhile, bivariate correlation and regression analysis were used to test the relationship between variables. The following conclusions can be drawn from this study.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> First, self-confidence was related to academic achievement, second, academic stress was related to academic achievement, and third, the coping strategy was related to academic achievement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Thus, to obtain high academic achievement in physical education classes, contribution from self-confidence, academic stress and coping strategies are highly needed. The findings from this study make several contributions to the development of science in the physical education field in terms of psychology to improve student academic achievement.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Complex Agility Training Program for Amateur Male Soccer Players 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Pattarapol Thongnum Yanyong Yanyong Phanpheng <p><strong>Background.</strong> The ability to quickly change direction has been considered an important physical quality related to success in youth soccer.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>The study purpose </strong>was to investigate the training effect of a complex agility training program on amateur male soccer players.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The participants were 60 amateur male football players (aged 18-22) divided into two groups and selected by using purposive random sampling. Thirty athletes aged 19.7±1.34, BMI 21.8±1.75 performed a complex training program (CTG) combined with sprint, agility or CoD, and plyometric session. While 30 participants of the control group (CG) aged 19.3 ± 1.31, BMI of 21.2 ± 1.02 followed a general football training program. In both groups, each training session lasted 120 minutes, a 30-minute period, 3 times a week, a total of 6 weeks. The Arrowhead Agility Test was scheduled at the baseline, for the 4<sup>th</sup> and 6<sup>th</sup> weeks. The mean and standard deviation of the data was calculated. The inferential statistic was repeated measure ANOVA. A Newman-Keuls post hoc test was calculated if the group x time interactions were significant (p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> After training, agility was a statistical difference within the CTG, when comparing baseline and the 6th week (p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.03), there were no significant changes in agility when comparing between-group. Therefore, this shows that complex training programs can improve agility in amateur male soccer players.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> This integrated training program can be applied to amateur male soccer players. The training program should be specific and varied. It can help soccer players improve their agility that is related to overall soccer performance.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Practical Group Defense Exercise Design in Football Game for 13-Year-Old Students 2022-06-25T19:52:13+03:00 Nurul Ihsan Ardo Okilanda Donie Donie Dede Dwiansyah Putra Sugar Wanto Arisman Arisman <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> Football is popular in the society across the world. Everyone always watches football matches. Nowadays, there are many football schools for kids or young athletes. Thus, there is a need for a model of exercise that is appropriate for young athletes. This study aimed to create a model of group defense exercise in a football game. It referred to 13-year-old football school students. It was designed using psychological and physiological characteristics of the 13-year-old.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 120 football players aged 12 to 13. The study used a research and development method (R&amp;D) through Borg and Gall model. Data was obtained from observation, interview and questionnaires. Data analysis techniques used expert judgments and three steps from Miles and Huberman, namely reduction of data, display of data, and making conclusions.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The findings show that the model of defense exercise in football for a 13-year-old football school player has 13 variations of the exercise. It was created based upon the psychological and physiological characteristics of a young player.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The result of the study is a recommendation for teachers or coaches to improve the defense exercise in football as player needs.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Negative Correlation between Outdoor Cycling Physical Activity and Depression Levels during the Covid-19 Pandemic among Members of Malang Cycling Community 2022-06-25T20:09:39+03:00 Slamet Raharjo Ari Wibowo Kurniawan Heni Yuli Handayani Widiastuti Widiastuti Muhammad Syamsul Taufik Avryan Sandryawan Olivia Andiana <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> is to analyze the relationship between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic among the members of the bicycle community in Malang City.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> This research is correlational, with a cross-sectional study approach. A total of 125 subjects from the bicycle community in Malang City voluntarily participated to become respondents in this study. The measurement of cycling physical activity habits was carried out using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), while the measurement of the level of depression used the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). Measurements of physical activity habits and depression levels were performed at the same time. The data analysis used the Pearson product-moment model using statistical software package for social science (SPSS) version 17.0 with a set significance level (p ≤ 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results showed that there was a negative correlation between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression (r = –0.604; p ≤ 0.001) and showed a strong correlation between the two variables.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Based on the results of the study, there is a negative correlation between the habit of outdoor cycling activities and the level of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic among the members of the bicycle community in Malang City.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Continuous-Exercise and Modification Interval-Exercise on Decreasing Malondialdehyde and Blood Lactate Levels in Non-Professional Shorinji Kempo Athletes 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Tri Wahyu Aga Seputra Andri Suyoko Purwo Sri Rejeki Adi Pranoto Lilik Herawati Andre Andarianto Ghana Firsta Yosika Nabilah Izzatunnisa Mohamad Khairuddin Abdul Wahab <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to analyze the effect of continuous exercise and modification interval exercise on decreasing malondialdehyde (MDA) and blood lactate levels in non-professional Shorinji Kempo athletes.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> This study used a quasi-experimental method with a randomized pretest posttest-only group design. Subjects were 16 male adolescents aged 18-20, body mass index (BMI) 20-24 kg/m<sup>2</sup>, who had normal blood pressure, normal resting heart rate, and no history of chronic disease. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: CEG (n = 8, continuous exercise group) and MIEG (n = 8, modification interval exercise group). Continuous and modification interval exercises were carried out in 30 minutes/exercise sessions, with an intensity of 75% HRmax and 75% RM, as often as 3 times/week, for one week. Measurements of resting heart rate, blood lactate and MDA levels were performed 30 minutes pre-exercise and 10 minutes post-exercise. The data analysis technique used the Paired Sample T-Test and the independent T-test with SPSS software version 21.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results showed significant differences in resting heart rate, blood lactate and MDA levels pre-exercise vs. post-exercise on CEG and MIEG (p ≤ 0.05). A difference was also observed in Delta (Δ) heart rate pre-exercise vs. post-exercise on CEG (–3.88 ± 3.36 bpm) and MIEG (–15.25 ± 3.45 bpm) (p ≤ 0.001), but no differences were observed in the Delta (Δ) blood lactate and MDA levels in both groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Based on the study results, it was shown that continuous exercise and modification interval exercise increase blood lactate and MDA levels shortly after intervention but both exercises could reduce acute stress, which was indicated by a decrease in resting heart rate.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intensification of Back Muscle Strength Testing in Physical Education of Students by Applying Information and Communication Technologies 2022-08-06T20:30:26+03:00 Zinoviy Mykytyuk Oksana Blavt Yaroslav Hnatchuk Oleh Stechkevych Tetiana Helzhynska <p><strong>The purpose of this study</strong> is the experimental substantiation of the implementation of information and communication technologies to test the control of back muscle strength in the process of physical education of students.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> General scientific methods were used to solve the research problems: analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction and systematization, technical modeling, pedagogical experiment, pedagogical testing, and mathematical methods. The study involved 240 students aged 17 to 18 at the beginning of the study.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> An electronic device for determining the strength of the muscles of the back was developed and tested, the readings of which allow the user to get clear current information on the panel of a personal computer. The device was built on a combination of modern electronic technologies and software. For the purposes of the experimental substantiation of the developed back muscle strength control device, a correlation analysis was used to empirically investigate the authenticity degree of the tests used to control back muscle strength. According to the results of the reliability of the tests of back muscle strength control tests, the results of which were recorded using a dynamometer, those are between low and medium. The recording of the back muscle strength test results with the developed device ensured the achievement of a high level of test authenticity.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The result of the research study aimed at solving the problematic aspects of test control was to ensure the appropriate degree of authenticity of the tests used to control back muscle strength. The recording of the back muscle strength test results with the developed device ensured the achievement of a high level of test authenticity.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Wearable Resistance Loading during Warm-Up Protocol on Front Kick Biomechanics in Taekwondo 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Tuan Muhammad Shafiq Tuan Ibrahim Kevin Tan Nor Fazila Abd Malek Ahmad Aqil Mohamad Jahizi Nur Ikhwan Mohamad Zulezwan Ab Malik Ali Md Nadzalan <p><strong>Research purpose. </strong>This study aims to examine and determine the effect of wearable resistance loading during warm-up protocol on front kick movement mechanics and muscle activation.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Twenty-five (N = 25, height = 174.00 ± 4.76 cm, weight = 75.93 ± 13.64 kg, age = 22.57&nbsp;±&nbsp;1.36 years) male university taekwondo athletes were recruited as participants of the study. Wearable resistance with loading of 0%, 5% and 10% of the athletes’ body mass were attached to participants’ thigh and shank. Kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during front kick were assessed.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Overall, the results showed that there were no significant differences found between different WR loading in kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during front kick movement. The results reflected that there were no detrimental effects of wearing wearable resistance during warm-up sessions. The findings are somewhat surprising as it was hypothesized that WR loading would produce effects on the mechanics of kicking and muscle activation. Wearable resistance did not increase kicking performance which was reflected by kicking velocity. This might be due to percentage of loading used which are seen as not reducing the performance, which reflects that the wearable resistance can be used during warm-up in training sessions as an add-on to resistance training.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> We suggest that future studies should examine the chronic effects of wearable resistance as specific tools to be used in enhancing the performance of taekwondo kicks.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Telerehabilitation on Hamstring Flexibility in Healthy Adults 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Hazal Genç Tuğçe Poyraz İşleyen Tuğçe Tahmaz Yeldağ Aydoğan Esra Atilgan <p><strong>Background.</strong> Telerehabilitation used as an exercise method has become increasingly common in recent years. Various methods have been used to increase hamstring flexibility, but more research is required on the optimal program.</p> <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to investigate the effect of hamstring stretching exercises given as telerehabilitation and home exercise program on hamstring flexibility.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>Sixty-eight healthy adults were randomly assigned to two groups, namely telerehabilitation and home exercise. Exercises were performed for 8 weeks (4 sessions/week) in both groups. Active and passive range of motion (ROM), sit and reach test (SRT), and International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF) were conducted in the pre- and post-intervention and after a 6-month period.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>At the end of 8 weeks, a significant improvement was observed in the SRT scores in both the telerehabilitation group (p = 0.001) and the home exercise group (p = 0.001). In addition, significant improvements were observed in the passive ROM measurements of both the telerehabilitation group (p = 0.005) and the home exercise group (p = 0.001). At the end of 8 weeks, the telerehabilitation group was found to be significantly superior to the home exercise group in the SRT results (p = 0.034). As for the long-term results, significant improvement was maintained in both SRT (p = 0.001) and passive ROM (p = 0.014) in the telerehabilitation group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Eight-week telerehabilitation and home exercise program was observed to have positive effects on passive and active ROM. The telerehabilitation method may prove to be more effective than the home exercise method in the long term.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Profile and Differences in Anthropometric Data and Jumping Ability Performance between Elite and Amateur U16 Volleyball Players 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Gaetano Altavilla Giovanni Esposito Rosario Ceruso Felice Di Domenico Tiziana D'Isanto <p><strong>Research purpose. </strong>The purpose of this study is to verify if there are significant differences between different anthropometric and jumping ability variables by testing two groups of elite and amateur volleyball players (under 16) after having submitted the two groups to the same training protocol performed 4 times a week for 4 months.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study was carried out on 24 volleyball players divided into two groups. The following anthropometric and jumping ability parameters were assessed in all subjects: height, weight, body mass index, height with a stretched arm and height with two extended arms. The jumping ability measurement was carried out with the Vertec jump test.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results of the anthropometric parameters showed significant differences between the two groups on all the variables considered:<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>in height (p = 0.00), in weight (p = 0.00), in Vertec attack with a stretched arm, AH1 (p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.00) and in Vertec wall with two outstretched arms, AH2 (p = 0.01). The results of the jumping ability parameters showed significant differences between the two groups (elite and amateur):<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>in Vertec Wall, VW (p = 0.00) and Vertec Attack with run-up, VA (p = 0.00); and a high correlation was shown for both the groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Above all, in high-level youth volleyball, the anthropometric and jumping ability profile is directly linked to the evaluation; training and continuous monitoring of physical qualities and jumping ability become an important aspect for the control of performance and the possibility of selecting talented players.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparative Performance of Soccer Teams of Different Age Groups 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Andriy Kolosov Serhii Voitenko Viktor Kostiukevych Tetiana Vozniuk Maksym Perepelytsia Nataliia Svirshchuk Tamara Chernyshenko <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The study purpose</strong> is to establish differences in the joint activities of soccer teams of different age.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Psychological methods for indicators of joint activity of sports teams were used. Statistical analysis was performed using non-parametric analysis of variance (Kruskal-Wallis H-test). The study involved 105 soccer players, including 37 boys aged 15–18, 45 juniors aged 19–21 and 23 adult athletes aged 22 and over.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results.</strong> In the young soccer players, group interaction, intellectual communication, psychological compatibility, as well as indicators of real and reflective group subjectivity are higher than in the adult and junior teams. The levels of group organization, diligence and success in performing sports tasks are dominant in the adult teams. At the same time, the integrative characteristic of joint sports activities is group efficiency, which is presumably the most pronounced in adults, thus characterizing the processes within the mental organization of joint activities of soccer players. It is the result of their cooperation, a transformed form of external teamwork.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The organization of joint mental activity differs in different age groups. This affects the formation and development of intra-group position of the athletes, influencing their optimal involvement in the team in the performance of designed or creative functions.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> soccer players, efficiency, interaction, subjectivity, organization.</span></p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Electromyographical Analysis of Table Tennis Forehand Stroke Using Different Ball Material 2022-06-25T19:52:14+03:00 Anubha Maheshwari Gayatri Pandey Manish Shukla Vijay Singh Rawat Tanushree Yadav <p><strong>Research purpose. </strong>This study aimed to determine the EMG analysis of forehand topspin using different ball materials.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> For the purposes of this study, seven male university-level table tennis players who were right-hand dominant players (age 21.1 ± 2.4 years, height 162.6 ± 6.8 cm, mass 61.8 ± 3.2 kg) with at least 6 years of playing experience were selected. The selected participants were physically active and had no physical injuries. The study was approved by the research committee. Pectoralis Major (PM), Deltoid Anterior (DA), Latissimus Dorsi (LD), Biceps Brachii (BB), Extensor Carpi Radialis (ECR), Flexor Carpi Radialis (FCR) muscles were selected for the electromyographical study. One of the EMG signals variable Root Mean Square was measured in all muscles, through which the maximum muscle involvement was evaluated. For each assessed muscle and both ball materials, the mean value of Root Mean Square EMG signals was computed. For descriptive statistics, minimum, maximum, mean, and standard deviation were used, and a t-test was used as a statistical technique.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results of the study showed no significant difference in EMG variable Root Mean Square between celluloid and poly plastic ball material on selected muscles.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> We conclude that the biceps brachii and extensor carpi radialis are important muscles for the forehand topspin because they are responsible for flexion of the arm and work&nbsp;strongly in the action of gripping in the performance of quick forehand spin strokes.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Recreational Futsal on Body Composition in Passive Football Players 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Arben Maliqi Blerim Sylejmani Nazim Myrtaj <p><strong>The purpose of this study</strong> was to evaluate the impact of recreational futsal on passive middle-aged footballers in body composition.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The research was conducted on a sample of 58 men aged from 30 to 40, average age 35.88&nbsp;±&nbsp;2.39. The sample was divided into two groups. The first group included 29 passive football players (average age 35.58 ± 2.36) who were engaged in recreational futsal 2-3 times a week, and the second group included 29 passive football players (average age 36.17 ± 2.42) who weren’t engaged in recreational physical activity. The body composition was assessed by TANITA BC-601, the method of bioelectrical impedance, which became a reference method in research studies in the body composition analysis. The variables obtained were: body height (cm), body weight (kg), fat mass (%), muscle mass (kg), bone mass (kg), body mass index (kg/m<sup>2</sup>), calorie consumption – daily calorie intake (kcal), vitality of the body, quantity of water in the body (%), visceral fat (%).</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Groups are not distinguished in the variables body height (HBH), calorie consumption – daily calorie intake (DCI), vitality of the body (BMR), and quantity of water in the body (TBV) because p &gt; 0.05. In the variables where body mass, body fat tissue and muscle mass were assed, namely body weight (BWT), fat mass (BFP), muscle mass (TBM), bone mass (BMD), body mass index (BMI) and visceral fat (AVF), a statistically significant difference was gained p &lt; 0.05 in favor of the group of passive football players who were involved in recreational futsal.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It can be said that the recreational futsal as physical activity is an effective tool to improve body composition not only in passive football players but in all persons of all ages regardless of gender. Intensity and duration in recreational futsal is an effective way to reduce body fat in the population of passive middle-aged football players.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Modern Approaches for the Physical Training of Young Female Basketball Players 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Oksana Komotska Ruslana Sushko <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to substantiate, develop and test the effectiveness of the author’s program for physical training of young female basketball players in the pre-competition period of the macrocycle preparatory stage, and to experimentally test its effectiveness.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The subjects were 15 young female basketball players born in 2007-2008, third year of study (1st year of study in the basic training group), members of the All-Ukrainian Youth Basketball League (AUYBL), who participated in the experimental program to improve their physical fitness. Three tests on six indicators of physical fitness were conducted. The results of a consecutive experiment for young basketball players during their training in the camp were analyzed and interpreted.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The author’s program for physical training of young female basketball players was developed and implemented during the training camp in order to increase their level of physical fitness and preparation for participation in the AUYBL competitions. The results of the study, which were obtained during a series of experiments, allowed to examine and analyze six indicators of physical fitness, and to substantiate the effectiveness of modern approaches to physical training of young female basketball players in the pre-competition period of the macrocycle preparatory stage. They were based on the minimization of additional workload and focused concentration of female athletes on the quality of specific exercises in a limited period.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The analysis of the results, the indicators of physical fitness of young female basketball players, allows to state that the use of the author’s program for physical training makes it possible to record the improvement of physical fitness on tests that have speed-strength and strength orientation, namely: high jump, long jump, run for 40 s, flexion-extension of the arms at thrust lying for 30 s. According to the indicators of speed tests (20 m run and 60 m sprint), no statistically significant differences were recorded, with a tendency to their improvement.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Day Time on Cognitive Performances of Preadolescent Athletes Nurtured in a Controlled Environment 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Manohar Kumar Pahan Mahendra Kumar Singh <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> The study aimed to examine how the cognitive performances of preadolescent sports trainees living and training under a controlled environment are affected during the three different day times.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>The research involved 16 male sports trainees from the Jharkhand State Sports Promotion Society, Ranchi, who varied in age from 11 to 14 years and had a minimum of two years of training experience in the same academy. To assess cognitive performance like long-term focused attention, ability to react, logical reasoning, reactive stress tolerance, and visual perception, the TATEENS 2 test set from the Vienna Test System was administered. The percentile ranks of all five tests were compared between three different times of the day. The Friedman test and rANOVA were employed to analyze the data of repetitive measurements. The significance level was set at p &lt; 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The p-values for statistical comparisons of reactive stress tolerance, visual perception, logical reasoning, reaction abilities (reaction time and motor time), and long-term focused attention at three different times of the day were all more than 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Different day times did not significantly affect the cognitive performances of preadolescent sportspersons who lived and trained under similar conditions.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Martial Arts and Doping (the case of Sambo) 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Bogdan Mytskan Tetiana Mytskan Yuryj Oliinyk Georgiy Korobeynikov Wojciech Cynarski Stanisław Zaborniak Carlos Gutiérrez-García <p><strong>Background. </strong>Today, the problem of doping is the most well-known negative phenomenon in modern sport, which has become widespread in response to its active commercialization. The majority of people would agree that doping issue has moral and ethical basis, therefore the educational component of anti-doping policies is most promising in achieving the desired result – doping-free sport.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> The study was aimed to investigate the peculiarities of the ideas sambo athletes may have about the problem of doping in modern sport.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 97 highly professional sambo athletes from 21 countries, namely Russia, Ukraine, Mexico, Japan, the USA, Canada, Cuba, Guatemala, Republic of Korea, Colombia, Paraguay, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Honduras, Uruguay, and Costa Rica.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> A survey conducted among the professional sambo athletes, participants of the 2018 World Cup, made it possible to establish their knowledge about and their attitude to doping. It became known that 76.29% of the athletes were well familiar with the doping control procedure, while 23.71% were not. At the same time, 78.35% of the respondents believed that they knew their rights and responsibilities during the doping control procedure, and 21.65% of the athletes did not. 77.32% of the respondents knew the organizer of doping control and 22.68% did not.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The analysis of the study results and WADA statistics give grounds to state that the problem of doping in modern athletes remains an urgent problem in professional sports, including sambo.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determination of Model Characteristics and Evaluation Criteria for Strength Training of Qualified Armwrestling Student-Athletes 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Dmytro Bezkorovainyi Oleg Kamayev Stanislav Vlasko Leonid Plotnytskyi Irina Sadovska <p><strong>Research purpose.</strong> The aim of the study was to determine the model indicators of strength readiness of qualified armwrestling student-athletes in the weight category from 80 to 100 kg in 4 strength exercises: flexion of the fingers, stretch with a hammer, hook and bending of the hand.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods.</strong> The study involved 16 qualified armwrestling student-athletes weighing from 80 to 100 kg (M = 86,63 kg), 7 of which are participants of national championships of Ukraine, and 9 of which are prize-winners of competitions of regional level. During the study, strength indicators were determined in 4 competitive exercises. Strength indices in all test exercises were measured in a static mode by an FB5k series digital force gauge (Poland) with an accuracy class of up to 100 g, which was mounted on a special armwrestling table using a specially made block device. The created design was called the “ARM1 Device” (patent 43082). During the statistical analysis, the following parameters were calculated: arithmetic mean (M), standard deviation (σ), error of representativeness (m) and the coefficient of variation (V).</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The analysis of the strength capabilities of the qualified student-armwrestlers and the presented models of their strength readiness made it possible to develop assessment criteria for the level of strength readiness of the qualified student-armwrestlers. Three levels of strength readiness have been identified: low (M - σ), high (M + σ) and medium, i.e. more than (M - σ) but less than (M + σ). Comparative analysis of the ratios of different levels of strength training in this group of armwrestling athletes allowed to determine from 128 indicators of strength 14.84% (n = 19) of low level, 62.50% (n = 80) of medium level and 22.66% (n = 29) of high level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The study made it possible to establish the features of the levels of development of strength training of qualified armwrestling athletes weighing from 80 to 100 kg. The model indicators of strength training of qualified armwrestlers were also determined. The analysis found that the subject athletes have an insufficient level of strength training and are not fully realized in terms of strength capabilities (62.50% indicators of the average level of strength).</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Time Characteristics of Technical Readiness of Female Triple Jumpers of High Qualification 2022-06-25T19:52:15+03:00 Volodymyr Konestyapin Olha Pavlos Olena Khanikiants Antonina Dunets-Lesko Tеtiana Dukh Yaroslav Svуshch <p><strong>Background.</strong> The relentless growth of sports results and the lack of comparative analysis of a set of indicators of technical readiness of female triple jumpers of various qualifications indicates the viability of research in this regard.</p> <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to specify the time characteristics of technical readiness of female triple jumpers of high qualification.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>We used the following research methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of data from scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observation, instrumental methods (video recording) and methods of mathematical statistics. The study was conducted on the basis of investigating the time characteristics of the technical readiness of skilled triple jumpers. The pedagogical experiment took place during the competitions of the Cup of Ukraine and the Championship of Ukraine in Athletics. The study involved 9 female triple jumpers (average age 25.3&nbsp;±&nbsp;5.1), including two masters of sports of international class of Ukraine, four masters of sports of Ukraine, and three candidates for masters of sports of Ukraine.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> In the course of the study, we found that the indicators of the duration of the reference periods of the last 6 steps of the run in the triple jump by female jumpers of high qualification are characterized by a low level of variability. In terms of flight duration, the highest variability was observed in the 3rd, next to last and last steps of the run. According to the results of the study of rhythmic-tempo characteristics of a triple jump of high qualification, it was established that the highest indicators of the pace of the running step are at the last step of the run and reach 4.67 ± 0,03 st./s. The correlation between such time characteristics as the duration of the flight period of the next to last run step (r = -0.85), the rate of the next to last (r = 0.60) and last step (r = 0.78), and the rate of intensity (r = 0.76) with a sports result. In the triple jump by female jumpers of high qualification, indicators of the duration of the phases of “jump”, “step”, “jump”, their total duration and the average speed of the jumping phases are characterized by a low level of variability. The duration of the “hop” is 0.66 ± 0.06 s. The longest phase is the “jump” phase (0.78 ± 0.06 s), and the shortest is the “step” phase (0.51 ± 0.04 s).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> It was established that due to the reduction of the duration of flight periods in the last steps of the take-off, there is an increase in the take-off speed of high-skilled jumpers. The variability of the contrast between the growth rate of 31.90% and the rate of mobilization of 35.12% indicates that high-skilled jumpers use different options to combine takeoff and repulsion. Analysis of the rhythmic structure of the triple jump technique shows that all jumps are dominated by the phase of “jump” (40.05%), and the shortest is the phase of “step” (26.30%). It was found that the following time characteristics: the duration of the flight period of the next to last run step (r = -0.85), the pace of the next to last step (r = 0.60), the pace of the last step (r = 0.78), and the pace intensity (r = 0.76) have a statistically significant relationship with sports results (p<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>&lt; 0.05).</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##