Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2021-02-25T19:58:47+02:00 Oleg Khudolii Open Journal Systems <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> Efficiency of a Combined Fitness Program for Improving Physical Condition in Young Women 2021-02-25T19:58:47+02:00 Olena Andrieieva Olena Yarmak Vitalii Kashuba Svitlana Drozdovska Valentina Gineviciene Oleksandra Blagii Maria Akimova-Ternovska <p><strong>The purpose</strong> of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a combined exercise program focused on the improvement of young women’s physical condition.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 62 healthy women (an average age of 29.4 years). More than 50 parameters were assessed (anthropometric indicators, physical capacity and motor abilities, functional status of the cardiorespiratory system, etc.). The structure of physical condition of the women was identified using the factor analysis. The transforming experiment lasted for 14 months.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The physical development indicators had the largest contribution (33.4%) to the total variance of physical characteristics of the subjects. The second factor related to the functional state and physical performance accounted for 21.6%, the third factor related to coordination abilities accounted for 19.8%, and the fourth factor related to physical fitness accounted for 10.3% of the total variance. Those four factors explained 85.1% of the total variance. The 35 indicators, which were selected by the factor analysis and characterized the women’s physical condition, were used as criteria for the effectiveness of the proposed exercise program. Participation in the exercise program significantly affected the morphological status of women. Functional indicators of the cardiovascular system improved significantly, including resting heart rate decreased by 16.2% (p &lt;&nbsp;0.05). Muscle strength increased by 32.2% (p &lt;&nbsp;0.05), speed and strength endurance and speed endurance increased by 31.5% and 49.1%, respectively (p &lt;&nbsp;0.05). Exercises targeting coordination abilities lead to improvements in balance ability of women as assessed by the Romberg test (increase by 94.0%, p &lt;&nbsp;0.05) and by the Flamingo test (increase by 65.6%, p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>The study confirmed the effectiveness of the combined exercise program according to selected criteria. There were significant (p &lt; 0.05) positive changes in physical condition components including physical development, physical fitness, functional state of the cardiorespiratory system and in body balance.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Information Systems of Support of Pedagogical Control in the Physical Education of Students 2021-02-25T19:58:47+02:00 Victor Koryahin Yaryna Turchyn Oksana Blavt Lyubov Dolnikova <p><strong>The study </strong>is to substantiate and implement modern electronic automated monitoring systems to improve the testing of speed-strength abilities in the process of physical education. <br><br><strong>Materials and methods</strong>. To solve the research tasks used the methods of comparing and contrasting are used and analysis, synthesis, abstraction, formalization and technical modeling. <br><br><strong>Results</strong>. The developed capacitive sensor device for speed control is presented. The device is built on a combination of modern nanotechnology and microprocessor systems. As part of the device, the array of active electrodes with digital output registers an input signal from a marker placed on the monitoring object and whose position changes during the exercise. Then the digital signal through the interface and the communication line, goes to the signal converter, where it is processed and wireless transmission devices signal goes to the personal computer, where the result of the exercise is displayed. <br><br><strong>Conclusions</strong>. Use in pedagogical control of the physical education process of the developed device provides a reliable objective test data with little loss of time to ensure the quality of control.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peculiarities of Functional and Motor Fitness of 1St–5Th Year Students of Special Medical Department 2021-02-25T19:58:46+02:00 Serhii Chernenko Oleg Oliynyk Iuriy Dolynniy Oleg Honcharenko Kateryna Hordieieva <p><strong>The objective of the study </strong>was to determine the age-related peculiarities of functional and motor fitness of students of a special medical department of higher education institutions.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Material and methods.</strong> The study participants were 1<sup>st</sup> year (n = 34); 2<sup>nd</sup> year (n = 14); 3<sup>rd</sup> year (n = 58); 4<sup>th</sup> year (n = 21); 5<sup>th</sup> year (n = 16) male students. One group was organized in each year of study, which added up to five experimental groups. All the students participated in physical education classes twice a week. To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing, formative experiment, index method, biomedical methods, and methods of mathematical statistics. During classes, the study used the method of strictly regulated exercise (motor density of the class was 50-70%), for developing general endurance – the continuous method with covering a distance of 1,000-2,000 m (heart rate: 120-150 beats per minute), circuit and repetition methods.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The study results show positive changes in the functional state of the respiratory system and speed and strength abilities in the 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year students of the special medical department (p &lt; 0.05).<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A successful development of the basic functional body systems and motor abilities in 1st-5th year students can be achieved under the influence of pedagogical conditions, namely: the method of strictly regulated exercise using exercise equipment (motor density of the class was 50-70%); the continuous method with covering a distance of 1,000-2,000 m at a slow pace (heart rate: 120-150 beats per minute); circuit and repetition methods.</p> <p>By the results of comparative analysis of the functional and motor fitness, the 1<sup>st</sup>-5<sup>th</sup> year male students of the special medical department show better results in tests for assessing the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, speed and strength abilities. In the 18-22 age range, according to the Ruffier index, there is an increase in the number of male students of the special medical department with a “good” and “satisfactory” cardiovascular system state and a decrease in the number of students with a “bad” result.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of the Competitive Activity Structure of Skilled Female Basketball Players 2021-02-25T19:58:46+02:00 Eduard Doroshenko Ruslana Sushko Valerij Shamardin Volodymyr Prykhodko Iryna Shapovalova Daria Yelisieieva Oksana Demidova Artem Yakovenko <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to examine, analyze, and generalize the competitive activity structure based on the hierarchy of technical and tactical indicators of skilled female basketball players in won and lost games using principal component analysis.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 96 professional female basketball players, members of national teams of Spain, France, Belgium, Greece, Turkey, Latvia, Italy, and Slovakia, which took the 1st-8th places in the final tournament of the European Basketball Championship 2017. The study analyzed 16 main technical and tactical indicators of skilled female basketball players in 52 official games to examine and interpret the obtained results using principal component analysis. The total number of observations is 52.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The experimental indicators obtained during the study made it possible to examine and analyze the grouping of elements of the competitive activity structure of skilled female basketball players, to interpret the obtained results in order to define informative criteria for optimizing training and improving the competitive activity effectiveness. The study revealed considerable differences in the competitive activity structure in won and lost games: in accordance with the most significant indicators of factor loadings, the percentage of a sample of elements that correlate with one another is: for won games – 67.40%, for lost games – 69.52%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Principal component analysis is quite effective and informative for studying the competitive activity structure of skilled female basketball players. It was demonstrated that the greatest difficulties in studying the competitive activity structure in basketball using principal component analysis are the selection of indicators that do not duplicate one another and are not calculated, expert interpretation of the obtained results, and algorithmization of special analysis of technical and tactical indicators.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender-Related Peculiarities of 7-Year-Old Schoolchildren’s Motor Fitness 2021-02-25T19:58:43+02:00 Olha Ivashchenko Yuliia Nosko Pavol Bartik Oleksii Makanin <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to identify gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 59 7-year-old schoolchildren (girls – 27, boys – 32). The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observations, testing of motor fitness, probabilistic approach to assessing the learning process, methods of mathematical statistics. The study recorded the primary schoolchildren’s level of proficiency in gymnastic exercises. The coefficient was determined by the formula: p = (m/n)×100, where p is the level of proficiency, m is the number of successfully performed exercises, n is the total number of attempts to perform the exercise. In the experiment, the study controlled the level of proficiency in the following exercises: forward roll; backward roll; shoulderstand with bent legs.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The differences in the development level of movement coordination of individual parts of the body and vestibular stability are not statistically significant; in the 7-year-old girls and boys, there is a statistically significant difference in the development level of strength, speed strength, speed, endurance, and the level of proficiency in acrobatic exercises.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A canonical discriminant function can be used to classify and identify the indicators that have the greatest weight in assessing gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness. In assessing gender-related peculiarities of 7-year-old schoolchildren’s motor fitness, these indicators include the level of proficiency in acrobatic exercises, the level of relative strength of shoulder flexors, endurance, and speed strength.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of IAAF Kid’s Athletics Programme on Psychological and Motor Abilities of Sedentary School Going Children 2021-02-25T19:58:45+02:00 C. S. Abhaydev J. Bhukar R. K. Thapa <p><strong>The purpose of this study was </strong>to find the effects of a 12 weeks IAAF Kid’s Athletics programme on the psychological and motor fitness abilities of sedentary school-going children.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>The study involved 40 students (age 10 to 14 years) with no previous history of systematic training. The subjects were further sub-divided based on their age, i.e. low age (10 to 11 years) and high age (13 to 14 years), and then randomly assigned to either an experimental group (Kid’s Athletics) or a control group. The psychological variables selected were stress tolerance reactive, simple motor speed, simple reaction speed, visual perception, and focused attention, whereas motor variables selected were sit and reach test, standing broad jump, 50m sprint, T-test, and 150m sprint. Tests were conducted pre-training, mid-training, and post-training for motor variables while only pre-training and post-training tests were conducted for psychological variables<strong>.</strong></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The two-way mixed ANOVA revealed a significant difference in all the selected variables (motor and psychological variables) in group × time interaction (p = 0.001 to &lt;0.001) with large effect sizes. Lager effect sizes in motor fitness variables were observed after 12 weeks (ES = 2.09 to 5.72) than 6 weeks (ES = 1.92 to 3.47) when compared to baseline in the experimental group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion. </strong>The study shows that Kid’s Athletics recommended by IAAF may be considered as an effective programme to improve psychological as well as motor abilities in sedentary school-going children.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How has the Practice of Physical Activity Changed During the COVID-19 Quarantine? A Preliminary Survey 2021-02-25T19:58:45+02:00 Gaetano Raiola Sara Aliberti Giovanni Esposito Gaetano Altavilla Tiziana D'Isanto Francesca D'Elia <p><strong>Research purpose. </strong>The present study aims to examine the changes in physical activity levels during the lockdown due to COVID-19 in Italy. In particular, it aims to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on psychological health, how much the home environment influences the desire to train and what people think about Smart-fitness and sport in general.</p> <p><strong>Materials and method</strong><strong>s</strong>. A sample of 268 people from the province of Salerno participated in the study, with an average age of 26 years. To achieve the tasks set, the study relied on the following methods: analysis of scientific literature, formulation and administration of a questionnaire and data analysis through methods of mathematical statistics. A structured questionnaire was prepared, disseminated through social networks. To analyze the data, the Social Sciences Statistical Package (SPSS) and descriptive statistics were used to calculate the demographic variables. The factor analysis was also calculated to verify the characteristics of the sport considered important by the participants.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>. The results obtained made it possible to understand the main type of physical activity carried out during the quarantine (aerobic activity 35%, functional training 27%, anaerobic activity 19%), the time dedicated to each session (52.8% practice for 1 hour) and the weekly frequency of the same (42.9% practice physical activity continuously more than ¾ times a week). It was also understood the reasons that prompted the interviewees to train, the way they planned their session and the equipment used. Finally, it was shown that the majority of the sample (64.17%) knew smart fitness considering it an interesting activity, and the influence attributed to the home environment by a scale of values from 1 to 5. Furthermore, the factor analysis shows us the most relevant aspects wich respondents attributed to sport. More frequently, respondents place greater importance on being loyal and correct, on the contrary, lower values are attributed to the importance of earning money, and not to disappoint others.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong><strong>. </strong>The study found that COVID-19 did not stop athletes, who quickly adapted to the new situation. The home environment has proved to be very influential on the desire to train, despite this, they hope to return to the gym as soon as possible.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Strength Abilities: Modeling of Immediate and Delayed Training Effect of Strength Loads in Boys Aged 8 Years 2021-02-25T19:58:42+02:00 Oleg Khudolii Sergii Iermakov Olha Ivashchenko Mykola Nosko <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to obtain regression models of immediate and delayed training effect of strength loads in boys aged 8 years, based on a full factorial experiment.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 48 boys aged 8 years. The experiment was performed using a 2<sup>2</sup> factorial design. The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength load on the immediate (ITE) and the delayed (DTE) training effect of orthogonal strength exercises modes and rest intervals in boys aged 8 years.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The study results show that in the proposed matrix of the 2<sup>2</sup> full factorial design, the chosen step of variation of factors is sufficient to study the influence of different modes of strength exercises on the dynamics of ITE in boys aged 8 years. Based on the data analysis, the study obtained regression models of load for calculating the ITE<sub>1</sub>, ITE<sub>2</sub>, and DTE. The obtained regression models make it possible to calculate the number of repetitions and rest interval to achieve the most rational load variant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>The analysis of regression equations shows the interrelation between training effects: ITE<sub>1</sub> —&gt; ITE<sub>2</sub> —&gt; DTE. The value of ITE<sub>1</sub>, ITE<sub>2</sub>, and DTE at station I (exercises to strengthen arms and shoulders) and station II (exercises to strengthen abdominal muscles) depends on the increase in the number of repetitions in a set and the duration of the rest interval. The value of ITE<sub>1</sub>, ITE<sub>2</sub> at station ІІІ (exercises to strengthen back muscles) depends on the increase in the number of repetitions in a set and the duration of the rest interval. The value of DTE – on the increase in the number of repetitions in a set and the reduction of the rest interval duration. The value of ITE<sub>1</sub> at station IV (exercises to strengthen leg muscles) depends on the increase in the number of repetitions in a set and the reduction of the rest interval duration. To strengthen the DTE, it is necessary to reduce the number of repetitions in a set and the duration of the rest interval.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Body Composition Parameters on Anaerobic Strength of Lower Extremities in Female Football Players 2021-02-25T19:58:45+02:00 Ana Lilić Marko Joksimovic Stefania D'Angelo Siniša Karišik Shamal Hamad Novica Gardašević <p><strong>The aim of this study</strong> was to investigate the influence of body composition on the anaerobic strength of the lower extremities, as well as the prediction of body composition on the results of anaerobic ability in professional football players.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Method.</strong> The sample of respondents consists of female football players who compete in the highest rank of the competition, the Serbian Super League. The total number of respondents included in the study was 21 female football players (age 19.38 ± 3.69, body height 166.48 ± 6.17 cm, body weight 59.98 ± 7.09 kg). The study is of a transversal nature and testing was done in the pre-competition period. The sample of measuring instruments used in the research are body composition and assessment of anaerobic strength of the lower extremities. Assessment of body composition was performed indoors using a multifrequency bioelectric impedance (Inbody 770). Variables for estimating the anaerobic strength of the lower extremities were obtained using a bicycle ergometer (Monark 839E) in the Wingate Anaerobic Test.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The results of body composition show a statistically significant influence on the prediction of maximum anaerobic strength of the lower extremities in professional female football players (p &lt; 0.05), as well as on the overall work in the anaerobic zone and the mean values ​​of anaerobic strength. Regression analysis of the influence of body composition on the parameters of maximum strength in (W/kg) and fatigue rate does not show statistically significant results.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> There is a statistically significant influence of body composition, such as: body weight, lean body mass (%), muscle mass in absolute and relative values, on the values ​​of maximum anaerobic strength, mean values ​​of anaerobic strength and overall work in professional female footballers.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Managing the Effectiveness of Teaching Boys Aged 10 Mawashi-Geri (Roundhouse Kick) Technique in Kyokushin Karate 2021-02-25T19:58:43+02:00 Svitlana Marchenko Oleksandr Taranenko <p><strong>The objective of the study</strong> was to substantiate the influence of selected independent variables for building optimal models of teaching a series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 10.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 32 boys aged 10. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of learning tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning. In the process of teaching, a method of algorithmic instructions was used.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The effect size of the factor varied from series to series. The calculated Cochran's criterion showed that all the groups of experimental data were obtained from the same population. It was found that the variances do not differ for the selected significance level of 0.05.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>Each independent variable (X<sub>1</sub>, X<sub>2</sub>, X<sub>1</sub>X<sub>2</sub>) plays a role in changing the indicator of proficiency in the Mawashi-geri-jodan (roundhouse kick). The constructed mathematical models adequately describe the obtained data. The calculated regression coefficients are statistically significant (Fр &lt; Fkр), which means that the regression model is effective. Throughout the experiment, the independent variable Х<sub>1</sub> “number of sets” had a constant positive effect on the target feature (Y). The percentage contribution in the first series of learning tasks was 59.3%, in the second – 88.6%, in the third – 56%, in the fourth – 93.9%, in the fifth – 81.3%, in the sixth – 69.62%. The independent variable Х<sub>2</sub> “rest interval” has a negative effect in the first series – 25.9%, in the second series – 10.6%, in the fifth – 9.9%, in the sixth – 13.1%. A positive effect of the first-order interaction (X<sub>1</sub>X<sub>2</sub>) was observed in the third series – 29.1%, the fifth – 8.9%, the sixth – 17.28%.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The optimal combinations of conditions for the series of tasks when teaching boys aged 10 the Mawashi-geri-jodan (roundhouse kick) are the following: series 1 – 3 sets, rest interval 60 s; series 2 – 3 sets, rest interval 60 s; series 3 – 3 sets, rest interval 120 s; series 4 – 3 sets, rest interval 60–120 s; series 5 – 3 sets, rest interval 120 s; series 6 – 3 sets, rest interval 120 s.</p> 2020-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##