https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/issue/feed Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2019-06-20T01:52:46+03:00 Oleg Khudolii tmfv@tmfv.com.ua Open Journal Systems <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1257 Motor Abilities: Methods of Strength and Strength Endurance Development in Middle-School-Aged Boys 2019-06-20T01:52:46+03:00 V. Yu. Veremeenko viktoriaveremeenko91@gmail.com <p><strong>The study purpose </strong>is to develop methods for strength and strength endurance development in middle-school-aged boys in a two-week physical training cycle.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 6<sup>th</sup> grade boys (n = 36), 7<sup>th</sup> grade boys (n = 36), 8<sup>th</sup> grade boys (n = 33). The paper used analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results. The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 23 statistical analysis software. The following parameters were calculated: arithmetic mean (X); standard deviation (s). The probability of difference in statistical indicators was estimated using the Student’s t-test.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The analysis of the study results indicates that after using the method of circuit training (1–3 classes), the experimental group boys show a statistically significant improvement of results in the set of tests (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05). The largest increase was observed in the indicators of strength endurance of shoulder flexors, abdominal and back muscles, and static endurance of leg muscles. After using a combined method (4–6 classes), the experimental group boys show a statistically significant improvement of the results of strength and strength endurance of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05). The comparison between the levels of strength preparedness of the control group boys and experimental group boys after the experiment revealed that the experimental group boys show statistically significantly better results of strength and strength endurance of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>. The methods of strength and endurance development that includes circuit training (1–3 classes) and combined training (4–6 classes) have a positive effect on the dynamics of indicators of strength and strength endurance of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles of the middle-school-aged boys. The method of circuit training is effective to develop general and local strength endurance, the dynamics of strength of the local muscle group is strongly influenced by the method of combined training.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1258 Comparative Overview of Functional and Motor Preparedness of First- and Second-Year College Students 2019-06-20T01:52:45+03:00 M. G. Barylko barylko.maks@ukr.net <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine the possibility of recognizing the state of functional and motor preparedness of first- and second-year male college students, using multidimensional statistical methods.</p> <p><strong> Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved first-year (n = 10) and second-year (n = 10) male students of Novomoskovsk College of Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University. To achieve the objective set, the study relied on the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> For practical application of discriminant analysis results, unstandardized canonical discriminant function coefficients are used. The probability of a case belonging to the predicted group is calculated based on substitution of values of variables for the corresponding case into the discriminant function. A comparison of the obtained results with centroid values makes it possible to determine the group the result belongs to.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Discriminant function structure coefficients are most closely related to variables that characterize functional preparedness (No. 3, 4, 5 “Serkin’s test”), coordination and strength preparedness (No. 15 “Evaluation of perception of motion strength parameters, 1/3”, No. 8 “Arms’ bending and straightening in a hanging position”, 9 “Bent-arm hang”, 10 “Standing long jump”). The division of boys into groups by functional and motor preparedness is carried out on the basis of unstandardized coefficients.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1259 Motor Abilities: Peculiarities of Effects of Volleyball Training on Coordination Preparedness of Girls Aged 15 2019-06-20T01:52:44+03:00 S. I. Marchenko sport-svet1968@ukr.net A. I. Dykhanova sport-svet1968@ukr.net <p><strong>The research purpose is to study</strong> the level of coordination abilities development of girls aged 15 and to determine its effects on the quality of performance of the basic volleyball-specific techniques.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> To achieve the purpose set, the following methods were used: analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The confirmatory experiment revealed an insufficient level of coordination abilities in the girls aged 15. In the process of comprehensive control of coordination preparedness of the girls aged 15, the study observed statistically significant changes of all indicators in both groups (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05). The experimental group shows a tendency for greater improvement of results. It is worth noting a significant increase in the performance indicators of typical game exercises suggested by the subject-centered physical education curriculum.</p> <p><strong> Conclusions.</strong> The presented results of the comprehensive pedagogical testing of coordination abilities of the girls aged 15 can be further used as a basis for developing experimental programs aimed at optimizing physical education for high school students.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1260 Comparative Overview of Motor and Functional Preparedness of 7th–9th Grade Boys of Rural Underfilled School 2019-06-20T01:52:43+03:00 Yu. S. Semko volyliser@gmail.com <p><strong>The</strong><strong>study</strong><strong>purpose</strong>istodeterminetheage-relatedpeculiaritiesofmotorandfunctionalpreparednessofboys studying at aruralunderfilledschool.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>The study participants were boys of 7<sup>th</sup>grade (n = 8), 8<sup>th</sup>grade (n = 7), and 9<sup>th</sup>grade (n = 6). To achieve the purpose set, the study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results. The test program consisted of the well-known tests: “Shuttlerun4×9&nbsp;m”,“Arms’ bending and straightening in a lying position”, “Arms’ bending and straightening in a hanging position”, “Bent-arm hang”, “Standing long jump”, “Evaluation of movement time parameters(running time 5, 10 and 15 seconds)”.“Stange’stest”, “Genci’stest”,and“Serkin’stest”were used toevaluate the functional state.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The analysis of motor preparedness of the 7<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup>grade boys of a rural school showed that the 7<sup>th</sup>-graders are less physically fit compared to the 8<sup>th</sup>- and 9<sup>th</sup>-graders. The 8<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup>grade boys show the best results in almost all the tests. There are statistically significant differences between the boys in tests characterizing strength preparedness. According to the results of functional preparedness, the 7<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup>grade boys show high results in “Stange’stest” and“Serkin’stest”1 and 3.The 8<sup>th</sup>and 9<sup>th</sup>grade boys have the same functional states of respiratory and circulatory functions.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong>The boys show a high dynamics of functional state of respiratory and circulatory functions, as well as of strength preparedness. The 8<sup>th</sup>and 9<sup>th</sup>grade boys statistically significantly differ in the indicators of motor coordination and speed strength. By the results of other tests, the difference in preparedness is not statistically significant.</p> <p>Regression equations (unstandardized canonical discriminant function coefficients) allow to calculate schoolboys’ level of preparedness. A comparison of the obtained result with centroid values makes it possible to divide schoolboys into groups by their level of preparedness. A classification of boys by the level of motor preparedness is possible based on relative strength, motor control ability, and general coordination tests.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1261 Motor Abilities: Peculiarities of Strength Effort Assessment in Boys Aged 11–13 2019-06-20T01:52:41+03:00 O. V. Ivashchenko olga@tmfv.com.ua M. O. Nosko chnpu@chnpu.edu.ua M. Cieślicka cudaki@op.pl D. A. Malyshev olga@tmfv.com.ua <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> is to determine the peculiarities of strength effort assessment in boys aged 11–13.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were boys aged 11 years (n = 22), 12 years (n = 31), 13 years (n = 33). The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The paper used methods of scientific literature analysis, testing, methods of mathematical statistics. The study assessed the right hand effort at 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 of the maximum. The assessment error was analyzed. To determine the peculiarities of strength effort assessment, the study used a t-test for paired observations and a t-test for independent samples.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The analysis of the ability for strength effort assessment in the boys aged 11 and 13 showed that there are no statistically significant differences between the boys of this age. The boys demonstrate the best assessment of effort at 2/3 of the maximum. There are no statistically significant differences in the levels of development of the hand maximum strength (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05). The study has not found statistically significant differences in the levels of development of the ability for strength effort assessment in the boys aged 11–13 (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05). The boys of this age demonstrate the best assessment of effort at 2/3 of the maximum. A comparative analysis of the ability for strength effort assessment in the boys aged 12 and 13 did not reveal statistically significant differences (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;0.05). The boys of this age demonstrate the best assessment of effort at 2/3 of the maximum. The boys aged 11–13 show the best assessment of effort reproduction at 2/3 of the maximum (<em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.05). There is no statistically significant age-related dynamics in strength effort assessment in the boys aged 11–13. The correlation between the effort reproductions at 1/3, 1/2 and 2/3 of the maximum is not statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> In the process of physical education of boys aged 11–13, special attention should be paid to the development of motor control ability as the component of coordination training of schoolchildren.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1262 Pattern Recognition: Motor Skills Development in Girls Aged 15 2019-06-20T01:52:40+03:00 O. O. Kapkan ekapkan@gmail.com O. M. Khudolii khudolii.oleg@gmail.com P. Bartik pavol.bartik@umb.sk <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine physical exercises modes when developing motor skills in girls aged 15.<br><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The participants in the study were 40 girls aged 15. To achieve the objectives set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning, discriminant analysis. To achieve the objective set, the study examined the effect of different variants of performing exercises, specifically: the number of repetitions (x<sub>1</sub>) and rest intervals (x<sub>2</sub>) on mastering a press headstand technique. The girls aged 15 were divided into four groups according to the experiment plan. During the learning process, a method of algorithmic orders was used. The student could proceed to the next exercise only after a correct performance of the previous exercise on three consecutive attempts. The number of repetitions needed to teach exercises in each series of training tasks was recorded. The level of proficiency in the physical exercises performance was determined by the alternative method: “performed” or “failed”. A technically correct performance of the exercise gave the students “1” point; a failure to perform the exercise gave them “0” entered in the protocol.<br><strong>Results.</strong> The 2<sup>2</sup> type experiment made it possible to study the multifactorial structure of teaching the girls aged 15, using a program of algorithmic orders; to specify optimal correlations of factors for their use when teaching physical exercises during physical education classes; to collect data for the calculation of regression models of teaching separate series of training tasks and for discriminant analysis to obtain a generalized model of teaching an exercise in general.<br><strong>Conclusions.</strong> To select a generalized mode of exercises of the series of tasks when teaching girls aged 15 a press headstand and handstand, the first discriminant function can be used with an emphasis on the most informative variables.<br>The regression equations obtained from the analysis of the 2<sup>2</sup> full factorial experiment data make it possible to specify and select the most effective modes of exercises for mastering separate series of training tasks.</p> 2019-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##